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Animal Farm: Leaders and Followers
Transcript of Animal Farm: Leaders and Followers
selfish - changing Commandments to benefit himself, not following the established rules of the farm
manipulative - has Squealer read the animals statistics to make them believe that their lives are better than they are
makes animals think that Snowball has been wreaking havoc on the farm
fearful - fears rebellion, Snowball (why he drives him off the farm with dogs)
Napoleon's Rise to Power
establishes himself with Snowball as the leaders of the farm
remains quiet, doesn't speak much at debates but when he does, always opposing Snowball
sneakily takes puppies away from their mother, raises them into his own personal guard dogs
uses these dogs to later drive Snowball off the farm and assume full dictatorial leadership
maintains this power through fear, brainwashing, and killing
makes it appear as if he wants to spread Animalism to other farms and to create a thriving Animal Farm
however, breaks so many of the Commandments and interacts with humans to the point where he essentially becomes one
real goal is assume total control over all the animals and to use his power for his own benefit
Napoleon was a shady bastard. Boxer was the real MVP, but realizing this, the shady bastard himself took the first opportunity he could to ship him off to get slaughtered and/or turned into glue. What a shady bastard. RIP Boxer.
Specific actions that Napoleon takes to destroy freedom and equality
Megan Gilmore and Sara Straube
allows the pigs to take a leading role over other animals; they don't work, eat more food, allowed to live in the farmhouse
tries to take the hens' eggs - subsequently starving them when they rebel
changes the Commandments for his own benefit
slaughters innocent animals after brainwashing them
increases working hours but does not increase food rations or living conditions
Ways in which a follower acts in ways that contribute to weakening equality and freedom
works very hard and complies to Napoleon's demands without question or complaint
gullible; truly believes that "Napoleon is always right" and makes his personal motto "I will work harder"
other animals look up to him, so when he follows Napoleon's every wish, it makes the other animals follow in his footsteps
Does Boxer realize what's happening?
at first, no, but as he starts to catch on it is too late for him
he realizes as he gets close to retiring age that no other animal has ever retired
after the second battle on the farm, Boxer takes note of Napoleon's indifference to the number of animals that were killed by the humans
other animals notice that Boxer follows Napoleon's orders, in part influences them to do so as well
they look up to Boxer
they do not put in the extra hours of work that he does, although they do take note of how hard of a worker he is and how strong and loyal he is to Animal Farm and what it (is supposed) to stand for
Boxer vs. the Others
Boxer differs from the other animals in that not only does he works harder and more hours, but he does not question Napoleon
the others do not question out of fear
Boxer truly believes that Napoleon is always right and that it is his duty to do all the work that he does on the windmill
even when he is supposed to retire, he still has a desire to work
"One Sunday morning Squealer announced that the hens...must surrender their eggs. Napoleon had accepted...a contract of four hundred eggs per week..." (76).
"When the hens heard this, they raised a terrible outcry....Napoleon acted swiftly and ruthlessly, He ordered the hens' rations to be stopped, and decreed that any animal giving so much as a grain of corn to a hen should be punished by death" (76).
"It was about this time that the pigs suddenly moved into the farmhouse and took up their residence there" (66).
"It was absolutely necessary, [Squealer] said, that the pigs, who were the brains of the farm, should have a quiet place to work in. It was also more suited to the dignity of the Leader to live in a house more than a mere sty" (66).
" The importance of keeping the pigs in good health was all too obvious. So it was agreed without further argument that the milk and the windfall apples (and also the main crop of apples when they ripened) should be reserved for the pigs alone" (36).
"Once again the animals were conscious of a vague uneasiness. Never to have dealings with human beings, never to engage in trade, never to make use of money - has not these been among the earliest resolutions passed at the first triumphant Meeting after Jones was expelled? All the animals remembered passing such resolutions: or at least they thought that they remembered it" (63).
Napoleon now called upon them to confess their crimes. They were the same four pigs as had protested when Napoleon abolished the Sunday Meetings. Without any further prompting they confessed that they had been secretly in touch with Snowball ever since his expulsion...When they had finished their confession, the dogs promptly ripped their throats out" (83-84).
"Throughout the spring and summer they worked a sixty-hour week, and in August Napoleon announced that there would be work on Sunday afternoons as well. This work was strictly voluntary, but any animal who absented himself from it would have his rations reduced by half" (59).
"You have heard then, comrades," he said, "that we now sleep in the beds of the farmhouse? And why not? You did not suppose, surely, that there was ever a ruling against beds...The rule was against sheets..." (67).
"No question, now, what happened to the faces of the pigs. The creatures outside looked from pig to man, and from man to pig, and from pig to man again; but already it was impossible to say which was which" (141).
Napoleon announces a victory and Boxer asks, "What victory?" (105).
Doesn't understand how Napoleon can see the loss of life and destruction of the windmill as a win.
"...refused to take even a day off work, and made it a point of honour not to let it be seen that he was in pain" (111).
"He had...only one real ambition left - to see the windmill well under way before he reached the age of retirement" (111).