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Causes and Events of the Civil War
Transcript of Causes and Events of the Civil War
Compromise of 1850
Uncle Tom's Cabin - 1852
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Dred Scott Decision
Election of 1860
Secession of South Carolina
Attack on Senate Floor - 1856
CA enters as free state
New Fugitive Slave Law
Book showing evils of slavery
April 12, 1861
First shots of the War
For Illinois Senate seat
Lincoln, Douglas, Bell and Breckinridge
attempted slave revolt
John Brown in 1859
Causes and Events that lead to the Civil War
free soil, free speech, free labor and free men
December 20, 1860
In an effort to determine the fate of the territory.. border wars break out
On May 19, 1856, Charles Sumner of Massachusetts had delivered a fiery speech condemning those who proposed extending slavery into the Kansas territory. Many of his attacks were aimed at senators from the south including Andrew Butler of South Carolina.
Three days after the speech was delivered Representative Preston Brooks of South Carolina (a relative of Senator Butler) entered the nearly deserted Senate Chamber where he found Senator Sumner working at his desk. Declaring the speech a "libel on South Carolina" Brooks fiercely and repeatedly beat the senator on the head and shoulders with his cane, which finally broke into pieces from the strain. Senator Sumner struggled to escape his assailant, who calmly left the scene after his cane broke.
Sumner was beaten and defaced so badly that he did not return back to Senate for three years... When news spread of this event, Southerners supplied Brooks with many replacement walking canes.
created to end the expansion of slavery in the territories
first presidential nominee in 1856
In my opinion, it will not cease, until a crisis shall have been reached and passed. "A house divided against itself cannot stand." I believe this government cannot endure permanently half slave and half free. I do not expect the Union to be dissolved -- I do not expect the house to fall -- but I do expect it will cease to be divided. It will become all one thing, or all the other. Either the opponents of slavery will arrest the further spread of it, and place it where the public mind shall rest in the belief that it is in the course of ultimate extinction; or its advocates will push it forward, till it shall become alike lawful in all the States, old as well as new -- North as well as South.