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Ashanti Tribe

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Agnes Kumi

on 6 January 2013

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Transcript of Ashanti Tribe

By: Agnes Kumi Religious Beliefs Folklore Location Customs/Traditions Golden Stool-A stool, covered on gold, floated out of the sky and landed on the lap first Asante king, Osei-tutu. He unified the people in the 17th centrury. His chief priest declared that the soul of the nation resided in this stool.
In reality the stool was created by: Anokye, the chief priest of Osei-tutu.They believe that the golden stool contains the souls of all Ashanti people and embodies the strength in their nation.the Golden Stool is considered to be so sacred that no person whatsoever is allowed to sit upon it. It is kept with the strictest security and precaution; and is taken outside only on exceptionally grand occasions. Never must it come in contact with the earth or the ground.

A lot of their folktales are about Anansi the Trickster Everyone is expected to participate in major ceremonies
Funerals- One of the most popular ceremonies in Ashanti culture. Extended family are expected to come no matter where they live. They whole entire community comes to pay their respects
Marriage-To the Ashanti tribe marriage is very important because they are handing over their daughter's life to someone. In order for a women t accept a marriage proposal her parents must agree. The man also must pay a dowry to the woman's Divorce i almost unknown to the Ashanti. The children in the marriage are the woman's not the man's History Ashanti Tribe Educational System Daily Life Physical Characteristics Music/Art Language Food Clothing THE
END Kente Cloth- Done by men of the Ewe and Ashanti tribes. Ewe work is distinguished by animal, human and symbolic patterns woven into the cloth. Ashanti cloth is usually geometric in design. Both groups excel at weaving. Originally Kente was only worn by kings, chiefs or people in very prominent positions. Now, it is available to all, but because of its expense, it is still the cloth of prestige. Adinkra-Type of cloth made by the Ashanti with thick plant dye.The dyers use stamps carved from calabash to cover cloth with any of hundreds of patterns referring to Ashanti proverbs, historic people, animals and events. Traditionally worn at funerals and at times of mourning Kente Cloth Adinkra Cloth The Ashanti people inhabit Southern and Central Ghana
Capital: Kumasi
Shares boarders with 4 political regions, Brong-Ahafo in the north, Eastern region in the east, Central region in the south and Western region in the South west Districts of the Ashanti Tribe Akan which is divided into Ashanti, Fante Akuapem, Akyem and Kwayu, the written from is Twi. Mixture of spiritual and supernatural powers
They believe that plants, animals, and trees have souls.
They also believe in fairies, witches, and forest monsters.
There are a variety of religious beliefs involving ancestors, higher gods, or abosom, and ‘Nyame’, the Supreme Being of Ashanti.
The Ashanti also practice many rites for marriage, death, puberty, and birth.
Moon Goddess Given birth to all men. Sky God Father God, who made the world with his hands. Sun God Male aspect of the moon. All these Gods are seen through trees, rivers rocks etc. Golden Stool Golden Stool To the Ashanti, the family and the mother’s clan are most important. A child is said to inherit the father’s soul or spirit (ntoro) and from the mother a child receives flesh and blood (mogya)
They have dark skin The average Ashanti man is polygamous. Many men strive to have more than one wife to show their readiness to support the marriage In the Ashanti culture there is a woman that has a final say in all activities. Even the Ashanti men don't defy her.Wars have been started because a Queen Mother said the war should be fought although the men and the chief would have been satisfied with a lesser punishment for the offending state
The Ashanti belief is that the parent holds responsibility for whatever the child does before puberty Fufu-It's a mixture of cooked cassava and plantain pounded to together. The finished product is a sticky, dough like substance which you eat with soup. People usually eat with it with their fingers Fufu Banku-It's made from corn dough and eaten with okra soup

They also eat yams, plantain,and sweet potatoes

Typical crops of Ashanti’s are yam, plantain, cassava, maize, okro, pineapples.oranges and paw-paw Yams Plantain Banku In the 15th and 16th centuries, gold-seeking traders came to Akan country from the great Songhay empire (in the modern Republic of Mali) the Hausa cities of northern Nigeria, and Europe. After the Portuguese built the first European fort in tropical Africa at El Mina in 1482, the stretch of the Atlantic coast now in Ghana became known in Europe as the Gold Coast. Akan entrepreneurs used gold to purchase slaves from both African and European traders.
After defeating Denkyira king, founded by King Osei Tutu in the eighteenth century.
In wars from 1699 to 1701, he defeated the Denkyira king and forced numerous Denkyira sub-chiefs to transfer their allegiance to Kumasi.
1st War(1823-1826)-Ashanti fought the British who took the side of the Fanti. Sir Charles McCarthy, the British governor of the region led a troop of 1000, mostly Natives, against 10,000 Ashanti, but was routed and killed. The Ashanti famously used the governor's skull as a drinking cup. Then in the following 2 years the British drove then out of the coastal area. 2nd War(1873-1874)-Minor war.The Ashanti raided British territory, but withdrew and the British did not pursue or punish this foray. This emboldened the Ashanti, and in 1873 war broke out again. The immediate cause was the fact that the British had recently taken over a Dutch fort in the region, and the Ashanti considered the Dutch fort as their territory, since the Dutch had presented them with an annual gift in return for their goodwill. By the time Britain raised a large force to march upon the Ashanti, fever and smallpox had broken out in the region, and the Ashanti's fighting force was diminished. Nevertheless, the force under Wolseley crossed the border into Ashanti land, and the capital at Kumasi, which they destroyed.
Independence ended in 1874
3rd War (1894-1901)-The Ashanti had incursions against British. When the peace treaties that the British told the Ashanti about had no response, the British invaded the region and were able to quickly dominate it. Then after a major Rebellion from the Ashanti caused by British demand that the Kusami tribe turn over the golden stool. Finally the British annexed the Ashanti land and called it Crown Colony of the Gold Coast
The current King of the Ashanti is Otumfuo Opoku Ware the second Music marks all stages of life.
Birth, puberty, adulthood, marriage, initiation rites, death.
Also, religious rites, recreation, economic activities and political situations
Atenteben- Bamboo pipes. Bamboo flutes played with the drums, song and on their own
Fontomfrom-Largest of the Ashanti drums, often five foot high and 2 foot wide. Played in pairs by two players.
Torowa-Gourd rattle. Made from hollowed out gourd with seeds on the outside tied in a net Fontomfrom At cape Coast Festival Antenteben Since 2003 (Ashanti region)-
Adult literacy rate is 60.5%
For woman 48.2%
Men 75.1%
Youth literacy rate is 74.7% Woman care for the children. If there are any funerals the families will go yo them. Men may build houses or fix them up
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