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The Land: Palestine

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by

Zach Gagnon

on 23 February 2014

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Transcript of The Land: Palestine

The Land: Palestine
How has the land changed?
From the Babylonian Exile to Jesus' s life

Role in Jesus' Life
Lessons to be Learned
Judean Jews tended to look down on the Galileans
Jesus and most of the apostles were Galileans
Jesus' Galilean ministry was in Capernaum
Geography/Regions and Cities
The regions of Galilee, Samaria, and Judea featured prominently in Jesus' ministry
Jesus' life was carried out in a relatively small geographical area of the world. However, he traveled a great deal in this area and had a great and lasting influence.
Works Cited
Pennock, Michael.
Encountering Jesus in the New Testament
. Notre Dame, IN: Ave Maria, 2003. Print.
Sacred Destinations.
Footsteps of Jesus
. Sacred Destinations, n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2014.
http://www.bible-history.com/geography/ancient-israel/israel-first-century.html
Grosvenor, Bell Melville. Everyday Life in the Bible times. N.p.: National Geographic Society, 1967. Print.
"Holy Land Photos - Free Photos of the Holy Land." Holy Land Photos - Free Photos of the Holy Land. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Feb. 2014.
"Bethsaida." (BiblePlaces.com). N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Feb. 2014.
Sea of Galilee
- created livelihoods for many fishermen
population- mainly Jewish but also home to many non-Jews.
Jesus ' first disciples were fishermen whom he encountered on the shores of the Sea of Galilee.
In fact, most of the Apostles were Galileans.
Jesus grew up in
Nazareth
, a small town in Galilee.
trained as a carpenter under Joseph
had a traditional Jewish upbringing
Samaria
-Located in the north/central region of Israel. Jews avoided Samaria, because they viewed the Samaritans as foreigners, and not much better than the hated Gentiles. Jesus, on the other hand, was loving toward them, even using a Samaritan as the hero in one of his parables.
Judea
- Located in the south of Palestine, the heart of Judea was the city of Jerusalem.
Southern Judea contained a barren wilderness where Jesus retreated after his Baptism in the Jordan River.
Other cities of interest include: Bethlehem, Bethany and Jericho
Church of the Nativity , Bethlehem
originally built by Constantine
traditionally believed to be the birthplace of Jesus
Jesus raised his friend Lazarus from the dead in the town of Bethany. Today, pilgrims can visit the Tomb of Lazarus.
Galilee
Samaria
Judea
Built by Herod of Antipas
East of the sea of Galilee
provided for fishermen
Center of Jesus' Ministry
Rich fertile land
Political Center of Palestine
some violent actions
Mostly jewish
Spoke with a unique Aramaic dialect
Overall, it was very prosperous
Jerusalem
- the main city in Judea and the political, economic, and religious center of Judaism.
Controlled by the tribe of Joseph
Condemned by Hebrew prophets
Stretched from the Jordan river to the Mediterranean coast
Between Galilee and Judea
Via Maris
Rich agriculture
Southernmost Roman division of Palestine
1,350 square miles
Jerusalem (Yerusalayim)
Religious center
Various climates and elevations
1020ft. to -400ft.
Mediterranean climate to desert climate
Important Cities in Galilee

Cana
Bethsaida
Capernaum
Important Cities in Judea

Jerusalem
Bethlehem
Bethany
Jericho
Jerusalem was the main city in Judea
In the town of Jericho, Jesus healed a blind man and met a famous tax collector named Zacchaeus
Pivotal events in Jesus' life occurred here, such as the
Palm Sunday Procession.

Jesus entered into Jerusalem on a donkey, while cheering crowds lauded him with palm fronds.
On the night Jesus was betrayed and arrested, he shared a last meal w/ his disciples.
during the
Last Supper
that he instituted the Christian sacrament of the Eucharist.
Jesus'
Crucifixion
occurred at a place called Golgotha (which means The Place of the Skull) between two thieves.
The Church of the Holy Sepulcher, is a church in the Old City of Jerusalem
It stands on a site that is believed to encompass Golgotha, or Calvary, where Jesus was crucified,
Important cities in Galilee include: Cana, Bethsaida, and Capernaum
Most of Jesus' early teachings and miracles occurred around the Sea of Galilee.
he made his home in Capernaum at the family home of St. Peter.
Other Miracles
At Bethsaida, Jesus cured a blind man and walked on water near this place.
First Miracle
Jesus performed the first miracle at Cana, a small village near Nazareth.
turned water into wine.
Baptism
Jesus was baptized by his cousin, John the Baptist, on the shores of the Jordan River.
the site traditionally identified with Jesus' baptism is east of Jericho in Jordan
by Austin Ahearn, Elyse Weaver, MaryElizabeth Simkevich, and Zac Gagnon
Palestine at the time of Jesus
Palestine during the Exile
Full transcript