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Sustainable Transportation Overview May 2011 for Seattle University Green Engineering
Transcript of Sustainable Transportation Overview May 2011 for Seattle University Green Engineering
than soybeans? Fuels BioFuels Fuel Cells 1st Generation
Biodiesel 2nd/3rd Generation Algae
Technology Fossil Fuels Travel Activity/Choices Travel Activity / Choices Vehicle/System Performance Technology Cafe Standards Why How Much Smart Roads Smart Trips Incident Response Smart Cars Choices Cars make More 40 % of Americans
spend more than 25% of
budget on Transportation. Many
spend over 40% on Transportation
and Housing combined.
Non-driving options are needed to bring the
cost of living down.
¼ of all the oil consumed in our history was consumed between 2000 and 2010.
At this rate, we’ll use more oil by 2030 than we’ve used in the history of the world. Corporate Average Fuel Economy And What's Wrong with
what we're doing NOW? How will we know if
we're on track?
Monitor and Measure Getting Started What will we
Do Today? What should you
remember? transportation has lots of impacts beyond C02
4 legs of stool
measure for results Goals:
why transpo isn't sustainable now
how we can make it more sustainable
tools for getting there and measuring results Who am I? Engineer/Planner Sustainability,
Family Teacher ? ? ? What can you do? What stands out? Applicable to other fields? 6 million crashes/year
Leading cause of death for people
under 30 1 million killed/year Low income have less access and spend more on transportation Auto emissions cause asthma, cancers, nervous system, heart, death Walkable neighborhoods needed: CDC Same mpg requirements for 15 years Most trucks below 2011 target work We raise our own eggs
and grow our own food. We live in a bike-friendly
community. We try to walk, bike or take the
train for local trips. The way we develop land
requires we use a car. Most funding goes to roads -
not transit, bike, and paths. The number of miles we drive
(vehicle miles traveled -vmt) is rising
faster than the population. The number of oil spills have decreased by 2/3 since
the 1970's. But big spills are catostrophic, unleashing
environmental and societal havock. Biofuel crops require water to grow that would be used for agriculture. In some areas, it becomes a choice between food and fuel. Water needs for fuel
crops is expected to
increase. Less rainfall means more irrigation water is used for fuel. Compare the amount of water required to produce a liter of ethanol in rainy Brazil and dry India. Most of our trips are for
things other than going
to work. We can reduce our
fuel use by not driving on
those other trips. 58% CO2 per trip than transit 38% of Portland Metro area
ghg's are from transportation.
10% of those are from personal
auto trips. Bike commute in Amsterdam.
Lots of bike-friendly paths and
parking. How many bike commuters?
Seattle 3rd (2.99%)
Portland 1st (3.81%) Less than 50% of American's reported "No Walks" in a week.
2009 National Household Travel Survey (NHTS)
by the Federal Highway Administration. People who ride transit are
more likley to walk 20 minutes
2009 NHTS Zipcar and other car-share programs
allow people to save money and reduce
the number of cars in their family. Traffic incidents cause 60% of the delay
on roads. WDOTS's incident repsponse vehicles
are designed to help clear accidents quickly, reducing
the economic and social impacts of delay. Automated roadway operations, like tolling,
can help manage traffic congestion. WSDOT has tolling
on SR 167 HOT lanes (like film below) using a Good To Go pass. Dial 511 for up to date
driver information. San Francisco has the country's most advanced system. It knows your trips and tells you the best way to go depending on traffic and how you want to get there. Why do cars slow down in traffic? We don't know. This video shows a study where drivers were instructed to drive a steady 30km/hr. It should mean smooth sailing - but watch. ITS = Intelligent
This car drives by itself. STARS is a LEED-like rating
system for transportation projects
in the planning and design stages.
Asks: are we building the right project,
and provides guidance on how to make
it better. http://www.portlandonline.com/bps/index.cfm?a=145732&c=42894 http://www.greenroads.us/ https://www.nysdot.gov/programs/greenlites “Sustainability” is commonly understood to describe any human use of resources that does not exhaust those resources. As we improve safety and mobility in New York State, transportation sustainability at NYSDOT is a philosophy that ensures we:
Road with green treesProtect and enhance the environment.
Conserve energy and natural resources.
Preserve or enhance the historic, scenic, and aesthetic project setting characteristics.
Encourage public involvement in the transportation planning process.
Integrate smart growth and other sound land-use practices.
Encourage new and innovative approaches to sustainable design, and how we operate and maintain our facilities. www.sustainablehighways.org/ FHWA Sustainable Highways Self-Evaluation Tool identifies characteristics of sustainable highways and provides information and techniques to help agencies and organizations integrate sustainability best practices into highway and other roadway projects. Help develop community
and school organic food gardens. Over 20 years in professional public and private sector as
engineer and community planner. Avoid, Shift, Improve: Korea has adopted Europe's
sustainability mantra in this comprehensive video.
Algae is a promising biofuel. While it grows it absorbs CO2, balancing the CO2 released when burned. Algae grows quickly, and produces 300x more oil than other biofuel crops. Derived from starch, sugar, animal fat, vegetable oil. Derived from lignocellulosic crops. 4 Legs of the Stool Thank you.