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The Age of Exploration

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Ms. Mc Caffrey

on 28 December 2016

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Transcript of The Age of Exploration

The Age of Exploration - The Causes
What was the Age of Exploration?
Letters of the explorers
Logbooks of the voyages
Government records
Books written about the treatment of native people
Artefacts and buildings of the time
How do we know about the Age of Exploration?
Why did the Age of Exploration begin?
We are going to recap using Kahoot.it
New Trade Routes
Wealth for Countries
Wealth and Fame for Explorers
Marco Polo
The Influence of the Renaissance
There were trade links for many centuries between Europe and Asia. Silk came from China and spices from the Spice Islands.
The spices were very important in Europe for preserving and flavouring food, for some medicines and perfumes.
The silk and jewels came from overland along the Great Silk Road from China to Turkey.
Spices came to ports along the Mediterranean coast. Arabs controlled this part of the trade.
The silk, jewels and spices were brought by Italian merchants to Italy and transported to other parts of Europe.
Since the Arabs and Italians controlled the trade, other countries such as Portugal and Spain, wanted to find new routes to Asia to break the Arab and Italian control.
New Trade Routes
Wealth for Countries
The voyages of exploration were funded mainly by governments in Portugal, Spain, England, France and the Netherlands.
The rulers hoped that the new lands would add to the wealth and power of their countries, create glory for themselves and increase their own power.
Wealth and Fame for Explorers
The leaders of the voyages hoped that they would gain new riches and titles for themselves.
Examples of these leaders include Vasco da Gama and Columbus.
Vasco da Gama
Marco Polo
Marco Polo was the son of a Venetian trader.
He spent almost twenty years in China.
When he returned to Europe his story was published as 'The Travels of Marco Polo'.
He mentioned great palaces and empires.
His book encouraged explorers to find new routes to the great wealth of the East.
Europeans ed to defeat and conquer Muslims, who controlled North Africa and the trade routes, and who had also invaded Europe.
The explorers also wanted to convert people of new lands to Christianity.
The explorers often too priests with them to convert the native people.
The influence of the Renaissance
People questioned old ideas during the Renaissance.
Geographical knowledge became more widely available when the printing press was invented in the 15th century.
The it provided encouraged explorers to learn new ideas and discover new information.
The Renaissance spirit led Europeans to explore other parts of the world.
Causes of the Explorations
Full transcript