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Homo Habilis es el primer representante del género Homo (el
Transcript of Homo Habilis es el primer representante del género Homo (el
EVOLUTION OF THE
Antonio López and Lucas Pidal
Homo Habilis is the first representative of the genus Homo. He had a cranial capacity of about 600 cubic centimeters and was perhaps a little bit smaller than the Australopithecus.
The name of this species, refers to the fact that these humans are the first carvers who had the ability to make utensils. They make the first tools of stone and were boulders and stones carved roughly by one face or by two .
The Homo Erectus are the first intercontinental travelers. They appeared 1.6 million years ago and became extinct 100000 years ago.
In addition to making stone hand axes, Homo Erectus also left the first remains of built houses, carved wooden objects, the first wooden spear and the most primitive vessel, a wooden bowl. His greatest cultural advance was that he learned to handle the fire.
Hominidae family, homininae subfamily.
Australopithecus are the most ancient hominines that could stand upright.
Homo is the genus that includes modern humans and their close relatives.
All species except Homo sapiens are extinct.
Members of Homo are distinguished from other hominids mainly by being bipedal, bigger skull capacity and hability to make tools.
Now we know that Homo Neanderthalensis is not, as it was believed, a direct ancestor of ours. They appeared in Europe 200 000 years ago and became extinct 35 000 years ago.
1.9 million – 1.4 million years
Replaced the homo habilis
Make more elaborate tools
Skull capacity 850 cm3
Body similar to current human
Complex social relationships
1st to leave Africa and go Asia and Europe
900 000 years ago
Neanderthal’s most direct relative
Most ancient homo in Europe
Skull capacity 1 000 cm3
Discovered in Atapuerca, Burgos
Appear 200 000 years ago
Coexisted with Neanderthals for some time
175 cm tall ; skull capacity 1400 cm3
Use hunting tools ; decorative domestic objects
Have artistic ability