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India

Presentation from Alejandra, Helena, Magoo and Stephanie
by

Magoo Meyer

on 30 April 2013

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Transcript of India

Languages Around 30 Different languages.
2000 Dialects.
22 official Why are cows considered holy ??? Arabian Sea Republic of India a presentation from
Alejandra, Helena, Magoo and Stephanie. History Demographics World population Politics The world`s most populous democracy Culture India World (cc) photo by medhead on Flickr 20 % of the world population 1.241.491.460 inhabitants The 2nd most populous country on Earth (after China) http://countrymeters.info/en/World Slums in Indian Society New Delhi Geography and climate Himalaya
Himalaya is considered the world's highest mountain range, with its tallest peak Mt. Everest (8,848 m) 200,000 km2 to about 238,700 km2 0°C in the winter to over 50°C during the summer
The world's seventh largest desert.
The Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghana system has the largest catchment area.
Aravali is the oldest mountain range in India.
Temperatures can exceed 40 °C during the day. Thar Desert a total of about 36
islands and islets Lakshadweep Islands Climate tropical wet
tropical dry
subtropical humid
and montane rain-bearing monsoon clouds 26% below the poverty line 456 million people live with unter 1,25$ a day 46% malnourished Expectation of life: 65,1 years Average: 25,2 years 35 cities have over a million inhabitants Brahmins Kshatriyas Vaishyas Kshudras Warriors Kings Priest,
Academics Business Community subordinate to Vaishyas, Kshatriyas and Brahmins The Untouchables or "crushed people" Servants Dalit The Cast System Greetings and social rules "Namaste" Indian do not say "No" Remove your shoes before entering in someone's house Woman should always have their shoulders and legs covered Do not bring white flowers, they are used at funerals President: Pranab Mukherjee sovereign, socialistic, secular, democratic republic Constitution of India effected in 1950 Duties of citizen is the longest written constitution in the world Parliament of India, New Delhi Religions Birthplace of 4 world religions: Hinduism Buddhism Janism Sakhism 80,5% 0,8% 0,4% 1,9% Islam 13,4% Christianity 2,3% More than 1/2 womans in India wed before reaching 18 years white funerals The Brahmaputra originates in Tibet, China, and merges with the Ganges in Bangladesh Holi festival Music Religious music
Profane music
Hindustani
Carnatique Ragas Talas Pedal Improvisation Guru-shishya-parampara INSTRUMENTS WIND PERCUSSION ROPE Sitar Sarangi Bansuri Gogona Ghatam Mridangam Beginnings Indus Valley Civilization 70,000
50.000
BCE Vina First humans migrate to India Shehnai Tabla 997-1526 Bharata natyam Odissi Mohiniattam Classical Dances One person only
Like a theatre play
Show respect to the god Ganesha Representing the emotions with the parts of the body <<Dance of the magician>> Cinema India is the world's largest producer of films Bombay + Hollywood = BOLLYWOOD Hinduism Birth Death Rebirth the oldest religion in the world has no single founder Vedas: "knowledge" Karma Indian movie actors Aishwarya Rai DHARMA (virtue) ARTHA (success) KARMA (pleasure) Plagiarism Sports Cricket The most popular sport Gilli-Danda It's a sport played using one small stick called 'gilli' and one long stick called 'danda' like cricket with ball being replaced by Gilli Kancha It's played using marbles called 'kancha' in India in cities as well as in villages Badminton It's supposed to have been originated in India 2000 years ago Golf It's an emerging sport, more popular in wealthier classes Ice hockey It's mainly played in the Himalayan region Kabaddi all animals are
considered sacred "mother to humans" It's one of the most popular sport in India played in villages India has 30% of the
world's cattle 3300
1600 Clothing life -affirming
goals Women In the north and east In the south Sari How Actually Is What We Think We Know Ghagra cholis Pattu pavadai Indian
Independence
Movement Food Normal indian diet: Hindu musical system Fruit
Honey
Grain
Eggs
Some meat Men Lungi The most famous thing are the spices Kurta Vindaloo Khaman Rogan Josh Tandoori Chicken Kaju Katli Dhoti or pijama Curry dish popular in Goa
It´s globally known Common in Gujarat state
Made from gram flower
Generally eaten as a snack Persian origin which is
one of the signature recipes of Kashmiri cuisine. Rogan Josh = cooked in oil at intense heat Very famous in the UK
The name comes from the
type of cylindrical clay oven Kaju means cashew nut in Hindi. Barfi is often made by thickening milk with sugar and other ingredients.
It is an expensive dessert as compared to its counterparts Biodiversity India lies within the Indomalaya ecozone.
Endemism is high among plants, 33%, and among ecoregion such as the shola forests.
The medicinal neem, widely used in rural Indian herbal remedies, is a key Indian tree. Hosts more than five hundred wildlife sanctuaries and thirteen biosphere reserves.
Is home to several well-known mammals:
Asian Elephant
Bengal Tiger
Asiatic Lion
Leopard
Sloth Bear
Indian Rhinoceros
Has the largest wild population of tigers in the world. So would you like
to visit India... THE END consist of 572 isles. India's only active volcano, Barren Island  is situated here. Agra Puri Goa Taj Majal White marble mausoleum
It was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahanin memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Se Cathedral It is one of the oldest and most celebrated religious buildings inGoaand is one of the largest churches inAsia. Jagannath Temple New Delhi Jagannath Temple New Delhi Secretariat Building The name is a combination of theSanskritwords Jagat(Universe) andNath(Lord of).
It is famous for its annual chariot festival Built in the 1910s, it is home to some of the most important ministries of the Cabinet of India. Is a Hindu temple complex in Delhi, India, which displays millennia of traditional Hindu and Indian culture, spirituality, and architecture. .
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