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Women's rights in Afghanistan

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by

Natalie W.

on 4 November 2014

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Transcript of Women's rights in Afghanistan

Today we are going to be presenting "women's rights in Afghanistan." Along with rights the population have to follow. This topic intrigued us to expand on and look at different perspectives related to it. Our choices on the subject were:
-How women have stood up in the past leading up until now.
-What rules they have to follow.
-The difference of the rights until now.
-What it's like to be born into an Afghan family (if you are a girl.)
Introduction
Some examples of how women have stood up for female rights:
-Dr Suhulia Seddiqi refused to wear a burqua and succeeded without being penalized, as her expertise was needed. After accomplishing this, Suhulia was given recognition and she transformed "from a symbol of female accomplishment for the Afghan elite into a folk heroine." After this she was given the title of the country's health minister.

- One of the most famous and commonly known is Malala Yousafzai defied the Taliban whilst in Pakistan and insisted that girls were given an education.On October 9th, 2012 while she was in a school bus traveling back home Malala was shot in the head by a Taliban gunman but survived. Malala continued to talk about the importance of education and was even nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize in 2013 and in 2014.
continuation of how women have stood up for female rights:
-Razia is the founder of Razia's Ray of Hope Foundation; a nonprofit organization devoted to bettering the lives of women and children in Afghanistan. She was nominated as a Top 10 hero in CNN history. Some awards Razia has won: Women Of Excellence Reward and multiple Rotary Club International Awards.

The difference of the rights
from then until now:
Isabella & Natalie
Rights in Afghanistan
There is a big difference in the women's rights from the past. The Taliban are not as
influential as they were on the population in the past. The rules were a lot more strict than they are now. People could receive beatings or more severe punishments if they broke a rule, now women are still punished but not as severely.
Some rules that have changed:
-Women were not allowed to be employed but now are but only if a male relative permits it.
- Women are now allowed outside of their homes with either a male companion or a legitimate reason.
What it is like to be born into an Afghan family. (If you are a woman.)
Some examples of rules the afghan women have to follow:
Afghanistan is one of the most challenging places in the world to be a woman. The life expectancy is 44 but this statistic has immensely improved over the last few years. This is because men are much more ''important'' so the medical attention usually goes towards men so women cannot receive the medicine they require sometimes. There is also an enormous lack of education. Only one in 20 girls attend school beyond the sixth grade (P5) and there is approximately three times more boys attending school than girls. There is also a big risk by going to school, some girls have been physically harmed while attending school. During the rule of the Taliban women were treated worse than any other time in Afghanistan, but since the Taliban were deposed women have gained a lot of rights including some political rights. So overall being born into an Afghan family as a women is extremely hard and comes with a lot of different challenges.
1) Complete ban on women's work outside of their home. Only on rare occasions can they travel outside for work.

2) Ban on women's activity outside the home unless accompanied by a mahram (close male relative.)

3) Ban on women purchasing from male shopkeepers.

4) Ban on women being treated by male doctors.

5) Demand that women wear a burqua that cover them from head to toe.

6) Whipping, beating and verbal abuse of women not clothed following the Taliban rules, or of women unaccompanied by a mahram.

7)Whipping of women with ankles uncovered by their burqua.

8)Ban on the use of cosmetics. (Many women with painted nails have had fingers cut off).

9) Ban on women wearing high heel shoes, which would produce sound while walking. (A man must not hear a woman's footsteps.)

10) Ban on women shaking hands or talking with non mahram males.



Some rules the Taliban have created for the population:
1) The Taliban banned listening to music, for everyone.

2) They banned the watching of movies, television or any videos.

3) They ordered that all people with non-Islamic names change them to Islamic ones.

4) Forced haircuts upon afghan youth.

5) It is ordered that men not shave or trim their beards.

6) Ordered that all people attend prayers in mosques five times daily.

7) The Taliban banned the keeping of pigeons and playing with the birds.The violators will be imprisoned and the birds shall be killed.

8) All boy students must wear turbans. They say "No turban, no education".

9) They banned the use of the internet by both ordinary Afghans and foreigners.

10) Anyone who carries objectionable literature will be executed.


We hope you enjoyed our presentation about rights in Afghanistan!
Full transcript