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Grassland Ecosystem Science class

Grasslands
by

Sayed Hafizi

on 31 December 2012

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Transcript of Grassland Ecosystem Science class

Grassland
Eco-system
By:
Sayed

Locations of Various Grasslands
Grasslands are located in all continents, but Antarctica, such grasslands are in the:
The biotic Factors of the African Savanna are:
The abiotic factors of the African
Savanna are:
Temperature: The African Savanna throughout the year never drops lower than 20 degrees Celsius because the latitude of this region is near the equator. The average temperature throughout the year is 27 degrees Celsius.
Terrain (Landscape): The terrain of the Savanna is just like the Canadian grasslands with some rolling hills here and there. The characteristic of the land are the same but is just known as a different name.
Water Quality: The surface water of the African Savanna is very contaminated for humans. However, drinking water is usually found underground.
Soil: The humus layer, which is at the top of the soil that supplies plants with nutrients, is very thin. Savanna soil is also very porous which in turn provides a rapid drainage of water.
Wind: The wind speed in the African Savanna tends to be very fast, the area is also very windy. Some average winds reach up to the speeds of 70.8km/h.
Precipitation: 5-6 months of the Savanna’s weather has a lot of precipitation (May-October).the rest of the year is little to no precipitation. The precipitation throughout the year in the African Savanna is around 87 cm.

Jan 0 mm of rainfall
Feb 0 mm of rainfall
Mar 0 mm of rainfall
Apr 8 mm of rainfall
May 60 mm of rainfall
Jun 120 mm of rainfall
Jul 215 mm of rainfall
Aug 310 mm of rainfall
Sept 130 mm of rainfall
Oct 18 mm of rainfall
Nov 10 mm of rainfall
Dec 0 mm of rainfall
Space: The space that the Savanna takes is around 2.5 million square kilometres. That is 3 times larger than the New South Wales which is located in Australia. This amount of land decreases the amount of competition between animals and their territory, and increases the carrying capacity of the Eco System.
0.023% of sun's energy
0.0023% of sun's energy
0.00023%of sun's energy
Work Cited
African Savanna
Veldts in South Africa
Prairie region in North America
Pampas in South America
Steppes in Asia
Vegetation (Plants/Trees) such as:
1) Senegal Gum Acacia
2) Baobab
3) Bermuda Grass
4) Candelabra Tree
5) Elephant Grass
6) Gum Tree Eucalyptus
7) Jackalberry Tree
8) Jarrah Tree
9) Kangaroo Paw
10) Manketti Tree
11) River Bushwillow
12) Umbrella Thorn Acacia
13) Whistling Thorn
Animals such as:
1) African Elephant
2) African Wild Dog
3) Black Mamba
4) Caracal
5) Chacma Baboon
6) Egyptian Mongoose
7) Emu
8) Grant's Zebra
9) Koala Bear
10) Lion
11) Nigriceps Ants
12) Nile Crocodile
Micheal Kennedy. "Grasslands of the World." BC Grasslands Home. SiteCM. Web. 05 June 2011. <http://www.bcgrasslands.org/grasslands_of_the_world.htm>.
Anouk Zijlma. "Africa's Most Dangerous Snakes - Africa's Most Venomous Snakes." Africa Travel. About.com. Web. 5 June 2011. <http://goafrica.about.com/od/africasafariguide/tp/Africansnakes.htm>.
Brynn Schaffner. "Blue Planet Biomes." Blue Planet Biomes. Blueplanetbiomes.org, 23 Sept. 2010. Web. 5 June 2011. <http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/index.htm>.
Khym, and Autan. "The Plight of the Endangered Cheetah in the Savanna Ecosystem." EcoCheetah - Examples. EcoCheetah. Web. 6 June 2011. <https://ecocheetah.wikispaces.com/file/view/Savanna_Food_Web.JPG/34211623/Savanna_Food_Web.JPG>.
"Bio Quick Notes." Rcsd.ms. Web. 6 June 2011. <http://www.rcsd.ms/~rawest/Bio%20Quick%20Notes.htm>.
Bidorbuy.co.za. Digital image. Bidorbuy.co.za. Web. 6 June 2011. <http://images.bidorbuy.co.za/user_images/651/390651_Acacia_senegal.jpg>.
Baobab Tree. Digital image. Baobab Tree. Web. 6 June 2011. <http://www.every1dakar.org/blog/wp-content/uploads/2011/04/Baobab_tree.jpg>.
Bermuda Grass. Digital image. Kaneva.com. Web. 6 June 2011. <http://images.kaneva.com/filestore6/2418331/4390772/BermudaGrass.jpg>.
Candebra Tree. Digital image. Ggpht.com. Web. 6 June 2011. <http://lh3.ggpht.com/_rotqvPRmbtU/R_Ub4IMF-7I/AAAAAAAADn4/Yy4FaUC76Rc/Candelabra%20Tree%20N2.JPG>.
Elephant Grass. Digital image. Worldandi.com. Web. 6 June 2011. <http://www.worldandi.com/images_archive/259111l.jpg>.
Gum Tree Eucalyptus. Digital image. Cache2.allpostersimages.com. Web. 6 June 2011. <http://cache2.allpostersimages.com/p/LRG/21/2154/GM8CD00Z/posters/clarke-neale-red-river-gum-tree-eucalyptus-camaldulensis-wilpena-flinders-ranges-south-australia-australia.jpg>.
Kangaroo Paw. Digital image. Flowersgallery.net. Web. 6 June 2011. <http://www.flowersgallery.net/gallery/kangaroo-paw/kangaroo-paw-4.jpg>.
Jarrah Tree. Digital image. Savannaenvironment.files.wordpress.com. Apr. 2008. Web. 06 June 2011. <http://savannaenvironment.files.wordpress.com>.
Umbrella Thorn Acia. Digital image. 0.tqn.com. Web. 6 June 2011. <http://0.tqn.com/d/goafrica/1/0/u/Q/IMG_3543.JPG>.
Whistling Thorn. Digital image. Mapability.com. Web. 6 June 2011. <http://www.mapability.com/blogs/travel/images/2007-04-18/DSC04385_s.jpg>.
African Elephant. Digital image. National Geographic - Inspiring People to Care About the Planet Since 1888. Web. 06 June 2011. <http://images.nationalgeographic.com/wpf/media-live/photos/000/004/cache/african-elephant_435_600x450.jpg>.
African Wild Dog. Digital image. National Geographic. Web. 6 June 2011. <http://images.nationalgeographic.com/wpf/media-live/photos/000/004/cache/african-wild-dogs_441_600x450.jpg>.
Black Mamba. Digital image. Narud.ru. Web. 6 June 2011. <http://bigsnake.narod.ru/enc/Reptilia/Serpentes/Elapidae/Dendroaspis/Dendroaspis_polylepis06.jpg>.
http://www.wildlife-pictures-online.com/image-files/caracal_0364_blog.jpg
http://www.faqs.org/photo-dict/photofiles/list/777/1196chacma_baboon.jpg
http://www.mpushini-fauna.com/resources/large_grey_mongoose_herpestes_ichneumon.jpg
http://www.wildanimalsonline.com/birds/emu-dromaiusnovaehollandiae.jpg
http://pictures.guidesandlodges.com/Photos/Hunting/guidesandlodges.com/fisher/zebrastory/1.jpg?06044wnTeqzMuBg
http://www.solarnavigator.net/animal_kingdom/animal_images/Koala_Bear_climbing_tree.jpg
http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_N_mOB63qPaE/TNmH_X-EL-I/AAAAAAAAQpA/i7TIHMFKvNk/s1600/Roaring-African-Lion.jpg
http://www.ants-kalytta.com/images/products/casp0002-1.jpg
http://www.kewlwallpapers.com/bulkupload/89/Animals/Nile%20Crocodile%20Masai%20Mara%20Kenya.jpg
http://www.thw.coventry.sch.uk/Geography/KS4/The%20Savanna%20in%20Kenya%20-%20The%20study%20of%20a%20large%20scale%20ecosyste%E2%80%A6.pdf
http://www.greytown.co.za/photogallery/trema2.JPG
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/exhibits/biomes/grasslands.php
http://environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment/habitats/grassland-profile/
http://www.singita.com/images/documents/SGR_Guides_April_2011.pdf
http://www.ask.com/questions-about/How-Big-Is-the-African-Savanna
http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3379/3634762481_cf5a153829.jpg
http://www.retiredaussies.com/ColinsHome%20Page/MyAustralia/W_Zoo/IMGP4029.JPG
http://biologyprojectwiki.wikispaces.com/file/view/4.JPG.jpeg/107196345/4.JPG.jpeg
http://www.fotothing.com/photos/cac/cacd8aba4b826d6f1ca36b90cd1b4731.jpg
http://www.city-data.com/forum/attachments/arizona/44672d1246998615-tree-thread-land-looking-west-july.jpg
(Simple)
tertiary
tertiary
http://cougarbiology.pbworks.com/f/1242750095/1242750095/1242750095/1242750095/1242750095/1242750095/Darcy%20Thomas%20food%20web%20P.3.gif
15) Cheetah
14) Serval
http://mi9.com/uploads/animal/250/serval-african-cat_1024x768_3757.jpg
http://www.thebigcats.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/05/cheetah01_1024.jpg
13) Hyena
http://fc03.deviantart.net/fs23/f/2008/009/1/e/Fierce_Hyena_by_NefaroStock.jpg
P
S
S
S
S
S
G
G
G
G
P
P
P
P
P
P
S
16) Giraffe
http://www.animalfactguide.com/images/maps/worldmap_giraffe.png
BTW brace for the munching part.....
This is a video on the Black Mamba
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zmre5kI49rI
Black Mamba
(Tertiary
Consumer)
Full transcript