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Transcript of Essentialism
Back to Basics
Standards/Testing Critical Why Essentialism? In the 1950's, Essentialism came about because of progressivism. Supporters felt that there was to much child-centered curriculum. Major Contributors 1. E.D. Hirsch- author of what every American needs to know felt that people should know things about inventions, discoveries, literature, art, facts, and be more culturally literate
2. Theodore Sizer- founder of the Coalition of Essential Schools; felt that students should be able to master major content to pass onto next class
3. William Bagley-wrote many articles on essentialism and believed that testing was not highly important, founder of essentialism Beliefs students need to become "useful citizens"
Feel that vocational courses are not important
math, science, history, foreign language, and english
Teach by memorization
Rules must be followed Important Events..... *Launching of Sputnik by Soviet Union in 1957
*National Defense Education Act of 1958- advancement of science,math, and foreign language;Teachers were given training to help get kids at a level that was higher than other countries
Teacher's Role 1. intellectual and moral role model
2. authoritative figure/in control
3.teach students how to be considerate, hardworking, Student's Role 1. Listen and Learn
2. Obey Rules
3. Interest are not important
4. Work hard Beliefs -Bars are high for students
-Schools have "dumbed down" classes with vocational courses
-School is about hard work students do not have a choice Valuable Aspects * Essentialism helps teachers stay on task
*Everyone respects each other
*Students are taught good life skills that they can take into the world Downfalls.... *Testing is the only way to show progress
*No vocational classes or choices Connection to Modern Education There are teachers today that still have certain aspects of this philosophy. Schools require students to achieve certain knowledge to pass onto next grade level. Assessments are still very important and the core courses are still math,science, history, and english. Video Video My thoughts!! I think that this philospohy has alot of strengths and weaknesses. Children do need to be taught the basics, but also have a bit of freedom to choose their education. Discipline should always be important because if noone respects each other than nothing will get accomplished. I believe that testing is important, but should be a means of measuring progress along with other things. I also agree with the fact that a teacher is a teacher as well as a leader and should be setting good examples. In my classroom I will have the children obey the rules to maintain classroom structure. I will give the students choices and rely on other things besides tests to assess the students progress. References Theodore, P. Essentialism.retrived from http://www.siue.edu/~ptheodo/foundations/index.html
Powell, S. (2005). An Introduction to Education:Choosing Your Teaching Path. San Francisco:John Wiley and Sons
Cohen, L.(1999). Philosophical Perspectives in Education. retrieved from http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/ed416/PP3.htm
Sadker,D & Zittleman,K. Teachers, Schools, and Society:A brief Introduction to Education. p 200-207 retrieved from http://www.education.com/reference/article/Ref_Teacher_Centered/