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Major Depression

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by

Rehnuma Shaikh

on 22 March 2014

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Transcript of Major Depression

Short term effects
Fatigue:
sleep all the time
coping mechanism
Loss of motivation:
you don't feel like doing anything
takes all the effort from you
Lack of concentration:
leads to mistakes and poor performance
frustration adds to depression
Change in appetite:
overeating
don't care of your appearance
not able to eat it makes you feel sick.
Pain:
frequent headaches
pain in other parts of body
Long term effects
Physical
hyperventilation
high blood pressure
ulcers
addictions
At work
miss days off work
poor performance
likely to make more mistakes
At home
lack interest in family activities
difficulty expressing affection to loved ones
marital stresses and strains
Children
feel lack of attention from parents who are depressed
more likely to develop behavioral and emotional
problem

Major Depression
Treatment
• Highly treatable, even most severe cases
• Earlier treatment begins, the more effective it is
• Once diagnosed, work with doctor to create treatment plan
• 80% of people make significant progress, need to find right therapies
• Most common treatment: medication and some type of psychotherapy

Medication
• First option is usually a prescription antidepressant medication
• Antidepressants normalize neurotransmitters in the brain
• Antidepressants work differently for everyone, need to find the right one or combination

Psychotherapy
• Psychotherapy (talk therapy) plays a critical role, especially for children and teens
• Mainly two types of psychotherapy: cognitive-behavior and interpersonal
• cognitive-behavior; focuses on new ways of thinking to change behavior
• interpersonal; helps one understand difficult situations that may contribute to depression
Family

Light therapy

Herbs/ Natural Remedies

Acupuncture

Alternatives
Description
Famous People
"A mood disorder marked by depression so intense and prolonged that the person may be unable to function in everyday life" (Sdorow, 1998, pg 494)
Aka. Clinical Depression or Major Depressive Disorder
Occurs in episodes once in a lifetime or entire lives
Primarily found in people 18 years old to mid-adult.
Affects seniors, teens, and children but these groups usually go undiagnosed and untreated
Statistics
40-60% of young people with depression disorder in adolescence will have an episode of depression in adult life
Many adults avoid seeking help when they are diagnosed with major depression

Causes
Not completely known
According to the Mayo Clinic, can be influenced by variety of factors:
Neurotransmitters
Hormones
Inherited traits
Life events (recent or early childhood)
Symptoms
Most Obvious Symptoms
Sensitive and constant negative emotions
Fixated on past failures and blames themselves
Drastic Changes
In behavior
Lost interest in activities done in the past
Insomnia or excessive sleeping
Always worrying (even about small things)
In appetite
Gain or lose a lot of weight
primarily found in 18 to mid-adults
affects older adults, teenagers, and children
11% of men
16% of women
Lauren, Rehnuma, Jasmeen
TRUE OR FALSE
Children suffer from depression
True
Depression is often caused by a chemical imbalance in the brain
True
You have to feel depressed to have depression
False
Depression lasts for a lifetime
True and False
Men and women suffering depression generally experience the same symptoms
False
New-Found Behaviors
Slow thinking, speech, body movements
indecisive, easily distracted, short-term memory
Extreme Symptoms
Unexpected and unreasonable physical pain
Thoughts about suicide
Full transcript