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the four humours

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by

Turtle Wang

on 7 October 2012

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Transcript of the four humours

In Ancient Greece and Rome people believed that the body contained four humours or fluids. The four humours were blood, yellow bile, black bile and phlegm. bad health was the result of the humours being imbalanced
The humours were also attributed to different personalities associated with different organs in the body as well as different seasons, planets, temperatures, directions and star signs.
If you had an excess of a certain humour, the amount of that humour in your body could be decreased
The Elizabethan era revived some of the old knowledge of Ancient Greece and Rome
references to the four humours to describe some of the character's personalities in Shakepeare's plays. Sanguine and Phlegmatic Personalities By Irene and Sylvia The Four Humours What were the Four Humours? Humour(or bodily fluid): Blood
Element: Air
Season: Spring
Planet(luminary): Jupiter
Astrological signs: Gemini, Libra, Aquarius
Phase of Life: Adolescence
Physical build: Chubby with a red or pink complextion Sanguine impulsive and tries to seek pleasure.
sociable and charismatic,enjoy social gatherings, and making friends.
loud, despite their creativity and habit of daydreaming.
sensitive, charitable and romantic
half hearted
struggle with certain tasks, usually late, forgetful and sometimes sarcastic. PHLEGMATIC relaxed and quiet
warmly alert, to quite lazy and sluggish.
content with themselves and are kind, accepting, and friendly.
favorable and shy, often preferring security and support, as opposed to uncertainty and change.
consistent, relaxed, calm, rational and observant kind of people. CH LERIC Humour(or bodily fluid): Yellow bile
Element:Fire
Planet:Mars
Season:Summer
Astrological Signs:Aries, Leo, Sagittarius
Phase of Life: Adulthood
physical build: Red-haired, wiry, thin energetic, ambitious and leader-like
can become angry, reckless and proud.
aggressive, and have a lot of energy and/or passion.
dominative over people
either highly disorganized or highly organized.
fall into deep and sudden depression periods.
prone to mood swings. MELANCHOLIC HUMOUR(OR BODILY FLUID): Black Bile
ELEMENT:Earth
SEASON:Autumn
PLANET:Saturn
ASTROLOGICAL SIGNS:Taurus, Virgo, Capricorn
PHASE OF LIFE: Old Age
Physical build: Thin and pale can become depressed, pessimistic and irritated when humours are unbalanced
introverted and thoughtful.
very pondering and considerate.
worried when they are not on time for events
Highly creative in art and poetry.
Self-reliant and independent
sometimes forget to think of others Humour(or bodily fluid): Phlegm
Element: Water
Season: Winter
Planet(or luminary): Moon
Astrological Signs: Cancer, Scorpio, Pisces
Phase of Life: Childhood
Physical Build: Overweight and usually having a flushed face. Choleric Melancholic Phlegmatic Sanguine FACTS THAT WE FOUND INTERESTING... The four chemicals associated with the four humours are all involved in digestion.
The theory of the four humours was usually the only explanation for sicknesses and unusual happenings in a person. BIBLIOGRAPHY http://shakespeare.nuvvo.com/lesson/4423-about-the-elizabethan-era-and-the-four-humors
http://classweb.gmu.edu/rnanian/humours.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Four_temperaments
http://www.greekmedicine.net/b_p/Four_Humors.html
http://www.kheper.net/topics/typology/four_humours.html
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