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Transcript of Dwight Eisenhower
Oct. 14 1890 Dwight D. Eisenhower
'Ike' He graduated Aibelen highschool
in 1909 and then worked with his uncle at a creamery Graduated West point in 1915. Mamie Genva Doud
and Dwight Eisenhower got married July 1st 1919. Worked with general Fox Conner. Camp Gaillard "The one more or less invisible figure to whom I owe an incalculable debt." 1936-1939
Worked under General MacArthur "I was passed around from one general to another as one of the senior staff people and, in spite of my protests,was never allowed to go to a troop position...I was so anxious to ge away from staff work and get into the field where a man could excersise some authority..." After a great performance on the invasion of North Africa he was appointed Supreme Commander of Operation Overlord in 1943. Operation Overlord: "The largest amphibious landing in history with logistics so complex as to defy comprehension."(Eisenhower Legacy.) D-DAY, June 6, 1944 "I hope I know what I'm doing. There are times when you have to put everything you are and everything you have ever learned on the line." May 7,1945 *Became Army Chief of staff From 1948-1950
*Served as President of Columbia University
*He returned to Military Service in 1951, as Supreme Commander of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
*Ran for President in 1952. PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN: Won First election with:
55% of the popular vote
442 in Electoral college as compared to Stevenson's 89. Adlai Stevenson Richard Nixon
ran as Vice President. Cultural Shift: T.V. ownership increased from 1 million in 1949 to over 20 million. Civil Rights Signed Civil Rights act in 1957 In 1954 Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka Kansas ruled that separate but equal was unconstitutional. Ordered Federal Troops to escort The Little Rock Nine to School. "Every right-thinking citizen will hope that the American Sense of Justice will prevail...It will be a sad day for this country...if school Children can safely attend their classes only under the protection of armed guards." Joseph McCarthy--Senator of Wisconsin Country was In fear of Communism and Attack Eisenhower avoided Direct involvement in the issue but used hidden hand tactics to discredit him, some say this wasn't enough but by doing this he avoided scandal and chaos and indeed McCarthy was removed from being Senator. Eisenhower Started Interstate Highway system largest Public Works Program In history. Eisenhower Tunnel highest part of the Interstate Highway. Economic Growth During his presidency:
*Americans enjoyed more power as a consumer
*Most saw income increase.
*GNP more than doubled going from 212 billion to 504 billion $ in 1960.
* finally after wars and depression Americans felt financially safe and secure. 6 months after becoming president he signed armistice to cease fighting in Korea that still exists to this day. "The peace we seek, then, is nothing less than the practice and fulfillment of our whole faith among ourselves and in our dealing with others. This signifies more than the stilling of guns, easing the sorrow of war. More than escape from death, it is a way of life. More than a haven for the weary, it is a hope for the brave." Joseph Stalin dies in 1953 and Nikita Khrushchev becomes leader. In 1955 U.S.S.R Implemented. Warsaw Pact Both Countries Felt threat of nuclear weapons. In 1955 he proposed "Open skies"
-"I believe mankind longs for freedom from war and rumors of war." Russia didn't accept and invaded Hungary. The president did not increase spending despite fear, State Department noted, "One of the things creating tension in the world today is apprehension over a surprise attack with weapons of mass destruction." U-2 Spy plane shot down by soviets. "We prefer to and work for a different kind of world--and a different way of obtaining information...Open societies in the day of present weapons, are the only answer." Relations with the Soviet Union Eisenhower Doctrine (1957) Hidden hand/ Behind the scenes tactics His extensive and intensive military career was the driving force behind his great presidency. A poll in 1962 placed Eisenhower 22nd among presidents the most recent study in 2000 placed him 10nth MILITARY INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX "Every gun made, every warship launched, every rocket fired signifies, in the final sense, a theft from those who hunger and are not fed, those who are cold and not clothed." "The world in arms is not spending money alone. it is spending the sweat of its laborers, the genius of its scientists, the hopes of it's children. This is not a way of life at all in any true sense. Under the cloud of threatening war it, it is humanity hanging from a cross of Iron." THE END http://www.biography.com/people/dwight-d-eisenhower-9285482 http://inthewild.us/2011/08/eisenhower_school_photo/ http://www.pbs.org/newshour/media/presidential_photos/photo9.html http://william_h_ormsbee.tripod.com/bases_summ_p07.htm http://mshistorynow.mdah.state.ms.us/articles/346/fox-conner-a-general-s-general http://www.freeinfosociety.com/article.php?id=438 http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2010/06/remembering_d-day_66_years_ago.html http://viewlinerltd.blogspot.com/2010/06/d-day-66-years-ago.html