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GIST Strategy

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Sara Spevacek

on 29 October 2012

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Transcript of GIST Strategy

GIST Sara Spevacek
ED 350 CARS Description GIST:
Stands for Generating Interactions between Schemata and Text
Comprehension strategy that is used both during reading and after reading
Involves creating summaries that are 20 words or less Purposes
Forces students to be concise with note taking
Helps students to pick out the main idea of a text
Provides students with a summary to review later Steps for Teachers Choose a text with three paragraphs or less
Give students ideas of what might included in the GIST prior to reading (Who, What, When, Where, Why)
Use the GIST strategy with the whole class, then allow students to do it on their own Before, During and After Reading Before: Predict what the reading will be about

During: Look for ideas that connected to the predictions and new ideas

After: Make the final GIST statement to summarize the text Students WBAT Pick out key ideas within a text
Use those ideas to create a precise 20 word summary of the assigned text Model Reading Text Steps to Writing a GIST
1. Read the article or section of text.
2. Fill in the 5 Ws and H.

3. Write a 20-word GIST summary.
__________ __________ __________ __________ __________ _________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ Magellanic penguins were named after the explorer Ferdinand Magellan who first saw them in 1519 on his first voyage around the tip of South America. Magellanic penguins are about 2 feet, 3 inches tall and weigh 9 pounds. They are the largest of the warm weather penguins. They live on the coast of the Argentina, Chile and the Falkland Islands.During mating season, Magellanic penguins burrow, forming underground nesting colonies.
1. Read the article or section of text.
2. Fill in the 5 Ws and H.
Who: Explorer Ferdinand Magellan
What: Discovered the Magellanic Penguins
When: In 1519
Where: The penguins live on the coast of the Argentina, Chile and the Falkland Islands

(Why and How have been omitted because they do not pertain to this text)

3. Write a 20-word GIST summary.
Ferdinand Magellen discovered the Magellanic Penguin. The penguin is small. It lives in Argentina, Chile and the Falkland Islands. Model GIST Practice Reading Text Gentoo penguins live on many of the islands of the Antarctic region but the main colony is on the Falklands. They are about 3 feet tall and weigh about 13 pounds. Their diet consists of krill and some small fish. Gentoo penguins are easily identifiable by the wide white stripe over the top of their head. It runs from one eye to the other.Gentoo penguins make nests on the inland grasslands. They pile stones, grass and sticks to create a circular nest. Like the Adelies and Chinstrap penguins, the Gentoo will also fight over stones for nesting.
1. Read the article or section of text.
2. Fill in the 5 Ws and H.

3. Write a 20-word GIST summary. Practice GIST CA Examples ELEMENTARY Physical Education: Important parts of a game or sport
History: Primary aspects of a historical event SECONDARY Health: Features of a diet Government: Ideas within a current news article Related Technology GISTing Interactive: http://www.vrml.k12.la.us/cc/18str/gist/gist.asp References and Links STRATEGY
Gist Strategy. (n.d.). Florida Center for Instructional Technology. Retrieved October 28, 2012, from http://fcit.usf.edu/FCAT8R/home/references/additional-reading-strategies/gist-strategy.html
Reading Strategies: GIST. (n.d.). Inter-Lakes School District. Retrieved October 28, 2012, from www.interlakes.org/ilhs/AVID/GIST%20Re TEXT
http://www.kidzone.ws/animals/penguins/facts16.htm TECHNOLOGY http://www.vrml.k12.la.us/cc/18str/gist/gist.asp
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