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FAMILY PLANNING

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by

cathee mayol

on 9 October 2013

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Transcript of FAMILY PLANNING

Importance of Family Planning
Helps new couples to financially prepare to raise a family
Gives newly weds to have an ample chance to grow emotionally mature
Smaller families can afford better living conditions than larger families
Health of the mother in not endangered
The fewer the children, the easier it is to send them to school
FAMILY PLANNING
Birth Control vs.
Family Planning
Birth Control -
prevention
of
pregnancy

Family planning -
postponing
of
pregnancy
What is family planning?
Family planning is seen as the
responsible choice
for couples who are not
yet
ready to have children at present but may want to in the future.

Family planning as defined by the experts as the process by which couples can determine for themselves the
timing, spacing, and number of children born
to them.
Intentions of Family Planning
Primary intention: control family size

Sub-intentions:
improving quality of life,
ensuring happier marital relationship
promoting health to both mother & child
seeking comfort in life.

Government's role
The government promotes family planning by:

1) Discouraging early marriage by strongly
advocating delayed marriage at the age of 25 for both males and females
2) Recommending birth spacing from two to
three years
3) Encouraging families to limit the number
of children to three by using approved contraceptive means



Nature of Family Planning
Birth control v.s. Family Planning
What is family planning?
Intentions of family planning
Government's role
Responsible Parenthood
Physical needs
– nutritious food, adequate
clothing & safe shelter
Emotional needs
– love and affection
Social needs
– acceptance by a group
Intellectual needs
– cognitive development
Moral needs
– the capacity to determine
right from wrong

Advantages of Natural Family Planning
Increased self-awareness and knowledge
Increased reliance on their own resources
Increased dependence from costly or distant medical services
Freedom from natural substances and the side effects or risks of other methods
Reduced re-supply costs associated with commodity-based methods
Enhanced communication and intimacy with partner
Encourages male involvement in family planning
The ability to adhere religious and cultural norms
Disadvantages of Natural Family Planning
Requires great commitment, motivation and cooperation from both partners for women using symptom-based methods
When used for pregnancy protection, couple may experience stress as a result of not being able to have unprotected sex
They are not being able to insure protection from STD/HIV transmission
Various Methods of Family Planning
Natural Family Planning
"Rhythm Method"
Artificial Family Planning
Two-day method
- requires a woman to monitor each day the presence or absence of secretions.
Ovulation method
- based on understanding and interpreting changing cervical secretions that are produced at the neck of the uterus.
BBT method
- relies on identification of the fertile period of the menstrual cycle by noting the rise in BBT that occurs with ovulation.
LAM method
- Breastfeeding as a family planning method.
Ovulation Chart
Basal Body Temperature Chart
Injectable Contraceptive
Intrauterine Device
Diaphragm
Oral Contraceptive
Condom
Minilaparotomy
Male Sterilization
Full transcript