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Transcript of Comics
What it is comic?
Prehistory and History
Comics in the different countries
Variety of comics
Comics in Lithuania
What it is comic?
Comics are a form of art and literature, which fixed artistic images and text who are sequentially arranged in space to tell a story. Traditionally, the comics are printed on paper and text is composing in the same pictures. The most popular are short cartoons in newspapers (newspaper strips), pocket books and larger books called graphic novels.
The origin of the name
Lithuanian comic-book term probably borrowed from the English word "Comic", a translation - comical. But if we say that all comics are humorous genre, we would be wrong.
comics in the world have very different names denoting their purpose:
In France they are called "herd dessinées" which literally means drawings of the strip,
Spain called "historietas", who meens short stories
In Italy, the term "fumetas" is translated as a small ball of smoke
Japanese "manga" in the broadest sense can be translated as narrative painting.
U.S. historical comics movement is divided into several age:
First comic book ever, and platinum age
The Golden Age
Comics as a printed publication in the United States has existed since 1842, when has been released „The Adventures of Obadiah Oldbuck“. This is the first American comics prototype.
In 1938 by Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster was published "Superman". This comic book publishing has made special industry and it is reason why this year is considered the start of golden age in comics industry. Historians period before "Superman" often known as the platinum age.
In the platinum age the first time was used the title of comic book („The Yellow Kid in McFadden’s Flats“, 1897),
was appeared the first full color comic book („The Blackberries“, 1901),
and was published the first monthly comic magazine („Comics Monthly“ 1922), but the superhero archetype formed only in the golden age.
„Comics Monthly“ (1922)
„The Yellow Kid in McFadden’s Flats“ (1897)
The Golden Age of comics began in 1938 when has emerged the action comics such as Jerry Seigel and Joel Shuster "superman", well-known detective comics "Batman and Robin" created by Bob Kane. Also "Wonder Woman", "The Flash", "Green Lantern", "the Atom", "Hawkman" and "Aquaman".
Timely Comics (Marvel Comics predecessor), which sold millions of comics such as "the Human Torch", "the Sub-Mariner", and "Captain America".
BAtman and Robin
The Human Torch
Silver Age began in the end of 20th century, when Marvel Comics has revolutionized the media, creating a realistic superhero, such as Stan Lee and Jack Kirby "Fantastic Four" and Stan Lee and Steve Ditko "spider-Man".
onset of bronze age is not clear. onset of age is proposed when was showed comic book such as Roy Thomas and Barry Windsor-Smith "Conan" (1970), Denny O'Neil and Neal Adams "Green Lantern" and "Green Arrow" (1970).
GREEN LANTERN and GREEN ARROW
Copper or the modern age
copper age start was agreed to keep the appearing darker, psychologically complex comic book by Frank Miller "Batman: The Dark Knight Returns", Alan Moore "Watchmen" and Marv Wolfman and George Perez "Crisis on Infinite Earth" showen in 1986 (publisher of "DC Comics").
Batman: The Dark Knight Returns
Crisis on Infinite Earths
we can assign comics for media category, because they basically perform the same function as an other media, is protecting and transmitting information.
The comic media is separated that:
lets play with ideas and testing all limits what you can not in any other media,
Illustration important of ideas and texts for reinforcement at any situation. Also for reader everything looks more attractive.
For this reason, in this media come advertising. Often comics are a media for not only entertainment.
Differently than ordinary notice, paintings of stories particularity can express action, movement, sound, in stationary space. The text is enhanced with illustrations, but leaves a lot of space and for the reader's imagination.
It is also necessary to mention the color expression. Images transmit dynamics and make effects with colors. So it is exposed all the most important visual receptors.
Another advantage of the comics is ability to cater a large amount of information in a few pages
Advertising products with comics help we can choose from a variety of different roads:
Use paintings of well-known image of the person;
create a distinctive character;
focus on the situation which could explained why it is worth to use the advertising product;
History can be a fun, ironic or revealing and can encouraged to think.
Advertising examples in Lithuania
Kyoko in Lietuva
Sony Eric and Nokia
comics for adults started from the beginning of the twentieth century. Those days comics for adults had called Tijuana bibles - square book with eight pages, made from cheap paper and black ink.
Publishers "La Vague Terrain" in 1962 was created masterpiece of erotic genre - Jean Claude Forrest "Barbarella", which pretty quickly was filmed in 1968 of Americans. 'Barbarella' was named as the first erotic fantasy movie in the world.
The strongest erotic traditions are in Japanese comics. One of the examples is "berserk".
Comics in Lithuania
Graphic novel - a comic book in which the story is presented with sequential art forms such as paintings and drawings. Graphic novels are distinguished from the comic books, because they are printed otherwise and are selling in only bookstores. These books are also recognizing in libraries where comics are often ignored.
1800's New York publisher Joseph Pulitzer discovered that the more images he puts into his newspapers, the more he sells. Satirical cartoons, understood by even semi-literate readers, or new immigrants, who first spoke a different language, have helped to sell more newspapers, especially if the images will not only decipher the newspaper report, but also has been entertaining.
in response to regard from government and the media about comics in 1954, U.S. comic publishing industry has set up an organization "Comics Code Authority" and in the same year developed Comics Code.
At the end of the twentieth century, wave of creativity has led to the development of an underground comics, which regardless of established comic book industry, reflected that period cultures of youth and drug users. Most of them were uninhibited, often disrespectful style: frankly depicted nudity, sex, filth, and politics.
it is believed that Frank Stack Comic "The Adventures of Jesus", released Fulbert Stargeon is the first underground comic.
European comics began in the eighteenth century. It were cartoons and later books with pictures, but the actual comic cartoons in newspapers and magazines have become widespread only in the nineteenth century, when Rodolphe Töpffer in 1839 created the first series of comic strip in Europe. Historically, the French and Belgian comics dominate in Europe. These countries have a long tradition of comics.
Japanese comics - manga
First comic books in Japan appeared in the eighteenth century. Into wooden tables were stamped images, where were displayed the short stories: from fairy tales, legends, historical events using visual language. Otherwise, they are known as the "red book", "Black Book" and "Blue Book", these books were written for less literacy readers.
comic theorists and historians a comic book emergence associate with :
Lascaux cave paintings in France (Some of them seem to depict the chronological sequence of images )
Egyptian hieroglyphs and drawings
Second century The Bayeux Tapestry
1370 Bois Protat woodcut
Fifteenth century "Ars moriendi"("The Art of Dying")
Michelangelo's Last Judgment Sistine Chapel
William Hogarth 17th-century consistent engravings
It can be printed in newspapers (at least two shots) cartoons.
emergency landing directions.
comics for children and teenagers.
prestigious Pulitzer award haz won Art Spiegelman historical comics for Holocaust theme - "Maus".
the second time elected the United States president biographical presentation in comics.
various pornographic comics for adults.
Comics performs leisure time culture functions such as personality development (to obtain new knowledge, to get to know our values, moral attitudes, emotional experiences).
easy content and understandable form determines recreational comics function.
Variety of comics
Comics are not a new phenomenon in Lithuania. Short stories drawn in periodicals appeared in the beginning of twentieth century. They were designed for adults. Later satrt printing short comic magazine for children.
Lithuania has not yet fully formed comic book culture, while in other countries, comics occupy a large part of the market. It is determined the late comics emergence and the wrong approach about them.
In 2013 the initiative of Džiugas Petruskevičius and the national TV show "Cash Generation" was opened the first Lithuanian online comic book store "Herojus.lt".
Thank you for your attention :)
Master Flashgold’s Splendiferous Dream
However, in 1775 by Koikawa Harumachi released comic book "Master Flashgold's Splendiferous Dream" gave rise to the emergence of adult comic books, which called for greater literacy and cultural sophistication. It has been called kibyōshi. Kibyōshi had been published thousands of times and is regarded as the first comic book for adults in the world of literary history.
Flint Collection:"Bulvė ir Atlėpausis"
Vikingų žygis į Apuolę
Presentation was created by Ineta Pliekaitytė