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Black History Month
Transcript of Black History Month
A Time for Companionship
By: Anastasia Daniels Granville Woods Early Life 1878-1880 Adult Life Important Contributions 1887-1905 1905-1910 1856-1878 Lonnie Johnson Early Life 1973-1982 Adult Life Important Contributions 1989-Present Day Present day 1949-1969 Mae C. Jemison Early Life Adult Life Important Contributions 1987-1992 Present Day 1956-1973 Jerry Shelby 2002 Images 2007 2012 Augustus Jackson Catering Business 2007 2012 Lonnie Johnson is known for many things, but the thing that stands out is his Super Soaker. Lonnie Johnson was born on October 6, 1949 in Mobile Alabama. His father was a handyman and his children were very involved in his work. The kids also built their own toys. In the days of Mr. Johnson the towns were very segregated. Lonnie was the only African-American that participated in his high school sciences fair. He won first place and a year later in 1969 graduated from William High School as a member of its last segregated class. He earned a scholarship to Tuskegee University where his idol George Washington Carver once taught. Granville Woods was born in Columbus, Ohio on April 23, 1856. Granville learned his skills on the job. He went to school until the age of 10 and he started working as an aprentice in a machine shop. At some point he started taking private school classes at night becasue he was aware that education was neccesary. In his teens he took up a variety of jobs, one including a railroad engineer in a railroad machine shop. From 1876-1878, he lived in New York City taking courses in engineering and electricity- a course that would lead him to his destined career as a inventor. In the summer of 1878 was employed by the Springfield, Jackson and Pomeroy Railroad Company to work at the pumping stations. And then he was employed by Dayton and Southeastern Railway Company as an engineer. While he was inbetween jobs he started forming his own ideas for his own invention that he will be later famous for. The inductor telegraph!! He worked their until the spring of 1880. Sources:
Death Granville Woods was known for doing many things in his lifetime,but his most famous invention was the inductor telegraph. You might be asking what is an inductor telegraph? An inductor telegraph was a device which allowed the inductor to communicate with the other inductor which will prevent train accidents and will speed up communications between other trains. Thomas Edison end up sueing Woods because he claimed that he already invented the telegraph. Woods won the trial. Granville Woods died on July 30, 1910. During his lifetime he invented 15 appliances for electric railways and received nearly 60 patents. He will and has been greatly missed. In 1989 after he quit the Air force he went into business with his device. He sold his device later renamed the Super Soaker to Larami Corporation which put in mass production. Amazed by the success of his device he found his own company Johnson Research & Development. He made a lot of other devices including one that made fame the Johnson Thermoelectric Energy Converter (JTEC) is an advanced heat engine that would convert solar energy into electricity with twice the efficiency of current methods and without any moving parts. Johnson and his wife Linda Moore live with their four children in Atlanta, Georgia. Death Lonnie Johnson has not yet deceased. He is living with his wife and four children in Atlanta, Georgia. Even when he dies he will be remembered forever. His device has been on the top 20 list since the year it came out. He will always be remembered and loved. Between 1973 and 1975 he earned his bachelors degree in mechanical engineering and earned his masters degree in nuclear engineering. Upon the completion of his masters degree he joined the Air Force, He was assigned to Strategic Air Command where he helped develop the stealth bomber program. Even though he was working in the air force he still worked on his own inventions in his spare time. One of his projects that he was working on for a while was an environmentally friendly heat pump that used water instead of freon. In 1982 he aimed the nozzle at his bathtub and pulled the lever which blasted a powerful stream of water into the tub. Which led him to his fame. Physician Mae C. Jemison was born on October 17, 1956 in Decatur, Alabama. Her family moved to Chicago, Illinois to take advantage of better educational opportunities there. She was very studious, especially in the field of science and astronomy. She went to Morgan Parker High School and that is when she became convinced that she wanted to pursue a career in biomedical engineering. She graduated in 1973 as a consistent honor student , because of that she entered Stanford University on A National Achievement Scholarship. After she graduated college she went to work in the medical field at Cornell University Medical College. While she was at the medical college she learned to expand her career choices. After she got her M.D. in 1981, she interned at Los Angeles County/University of Southern California Medical Center and later worked as a general practitioner. For the next two and a half years, she was the area Peace Corps medical officer for Sierra Leone and Liberia where she also taught and did medical research. In 1985 she returned to the United States where she made a career change to what she had been wanting to for years. In October of that year she applied for admission to NASA's astronaut training program. 1981-1985 Jemison was chosen into the NASA program on June 4, 1987. She became the first woman ever accepted into the astronaut training program. After a year of training she became an astronaut with the title of science mission specialist. A science mission specialist is a job which would make her responsible for conducting crew related scientific experiments on the space shuttle. On September 12, 1992, Jemison finally flew into space with six other astronauts aboard the Endeavour on mission STS47. She was up in space for eight days, and while she was up there she did experiments on the crew and herself on weightlessness and motion sickness. Death Jemison has not yet passed away. What did he do? The only reason I do not have early life and adult life is because could not find that information about that person.
Jerry Shelby built the engine protection system for recoverable rocket booster. What is that you may ask? It's purpose is to propel an associated space vehicle to a least a desired first stage of travel. For example, in movies they have the space ships leaving the earth and after they get in space the rocket falls off. This great creation is still used today! U.S. Patent Jerry Shelby No early life or adult life could be found on this person.
Augustus Jackson created the recipe for icecream. Even though somebody had already came up with the thought of icecream Augustus perfected it. Augustus had a position as a chef at the White House, but left to start his own catering business in Philadelphia in the late 1820's. He created many known ice cream flavors which he distributed packaged in tin cans to the ice cream parlors of Philadelphia. Augustus was very successful and so was his ice cream. He did not apply for any patents. Do not forget to thank Augustus for perfecting the ice cream that you eat everyday. The End