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Transcript of The Kindertransport
What was the Kindertransport?
- Kindertransport was a rescue mission created to protect Jewish children from the dangers of the concentration camps.
-The organizers of this system provided foster parents to just about 10,000 children, in the United Kingdom, until the war was over.
- The transporting of the kids ended 9 months before WWII (1938-1940).
-Children were separated from their families in order to live a safer life.
-Kids went to live in foster homes, hostels, schools, and farms in Britain.
-Children came from Nazi Germany, Austria, Poland, and Czechoslovakia.
-Children needed sponsors to pay for the trip, education, and care.
Why was this system important?
-This system was able to save lives of many innocent children from death or concentration camps.
-Fewer kids were condemned to life in concentration camps.
-This showed people that Britain was against this treatment and made an effort to help Jews.
-This also helped the parents because when they were sent to concentration camps, they didn't need to worry about their child. This helped them get through the camp.
How was this possible?
-Certain individuals such as Nicholas Winton and Neville Chamberlin helped.
-The need for foster homes in Great Britain was broadcasted on BBC Home Service radio station. There were 500 sign ups following the announcement.
-The British government passed the bill, allowing the children to come live in Great Britain until the war ended.
-Foster parents, hostels, schools(boarding schools for 14 years and older with a sponsor) all helped, by opening their homes to kids.
-Jews, Quakers, and Christians helped foster the children, allowing shelter and safety, secretly.
- Half of the kids lived in foster homes, while the other 5,000 lived in boarding shools and camps.
How did they get there?
-The main transportation was by train. -There was one trip by plane.
- The trains took the kids to the Netherlands and Belgium. From there they took a boat to Harwich. After that, they either took a train to London, took a ferry, or stayed at a local summer camp until they found a sponsor.
What were the rules of their depart?
-Travelers could only bring one small suitcase with them.
-The kids had to carry their ID cards around their necks at all times.
-The parents or sponsors had to pay a 50 pound sterling bond for the service of the system.
-They could not bring any valuables with them when they left for their new home in the New Kingdom.
- Only kids 2 months old to 17 years old were accepted to go on the trip.
What was the final Destination?
-The final destination was the United Kingdom.
- The countries that the kids lived in were England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland
- The victims who couldn't live in foster homes mainly lived in hostels, schools, and farms.
"One day Papa tells me we are going to move again, but not together. He and Mutti will put me on a train and some nice people will meet me in a place called England, and I will stay with them for a short time and then Mutti will come for me." -Kurt Fuchel
"There were parents and there were children. There were a lot of tears, there was a lot of hugging and kissing, but parents were steeling themselves to put their children on the train and send them away." -Ema Mogliensky
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Created using MLA Citation Maker on www.oslis.org.
By: April Alger, Emily Pfefferlen, and Hannah Ruffner
-Kids returned to their home.
-Most kids found out that their parents died from
concentration camps or from the Nazis.
-When the kids returned home they went to live with their family that survived Hitlers wrath.