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Transcript of Restoration Questions
Karina Garcia Lopez
Angie Rodriguez A.
Hector Berrones Jasso The Restoration This period became known as the Age of the Reason, because people use reason, not faith, to make sense of the world. Critics argue that much of the literature written in the Restoration Period is guided towards ridiculing the corruption and flaws of the English society of the time. Many writers such as Alexander Pope and Jonathan Swift used satire to expose the moral corruption and crass commercialism of eighteenth-century England The Restoration period became famous for its trivial literature such as: Gulliver's Travels, The Rape of the Lock, and A Modest Proposal. 1.Define the concept of Restoration in literature 2. Highlight and explain his historical context 3. The most important genres at that time 4. Who were the most important writers at that time? 5. What is Satire? Historical Context
1660 The monarchy is restored with the crowing of Charles II, who rules until 1685.
1665 The Great Plague of London kills thousand.
1666 The Great Fire of London destroys a large section of the city.
1687 Sir Isaac Newton publishes the law of gravity.
1707 England, Wales, and Scotland unite as Great Britain.
1714 Reign of George I, the first Hanoverian monarch, begins (to 1727).
1718 Lady Mary Wortley Montagu introduces smallpox inoculation in England.
1721 Robert Walpole, the first political leader to be called prime minister, takes office. The Scientific Method
Scientist Sir Isacc Newton
Philosoper John Locke
Writer Lady Mary Wortley Montagu wife of an ambassador (Idea of Inoculation)
Scientist Edward Jenner (Smallpox Vaccination)
Social Obvservers -Jurnalism
Joseph Addison and Richard Steele - The Tatler and The Spectator
Daniel Defoe (Robison Crusoe (1719) considered as the first novel)
Writer of nonfiction forms such as letters and diaries Samuel Richardson
Samuel Pepys - Real Life Diary
Satirical Voices - Neoclassicism
Satiric Poetry Alexander Pope
Juvenalian satire “ Gulliver’s travels” Jonathan Swift
Restoration comedies Jhon dryden, William Congreve The Age of Jhonson
Britain’s most influentian man of letters Samuel Johnson
poet, critic, journalist, essayist, scholar and lexicographer, also a talker, conversationalist.
Biographer James Boswell
Historian Edward Gibbon
Novelist and Diarist Fanny Burney
Comic Dramatist Richard Brindsley Sheridan
Reflective Poetry (first strings of romanticism)
Oliver Goldsmith, Thomas Gray, Robert Burns (lyrical songs of Scotland)
The Rise of Women Writers
Writer Aphra Behn (first woman to earn a living as a professional writer)
Novelists Charlotte Smith and Fanny Burney. Satire
Satire is a literary work that attacks or pokes fun at vices, abuses, stupidity, and/or any other fault or imperfection. Satire may make the reader laugh at, or feel disgust for, the person or thing satirized. Impishly or sardonically, it criticizes someone or something, using wit and clever wording and sometimes makes outrageous assertions or claims. The main purpose of a satire is to spur readers to remedy the problem under discussion. The main weapon of the satirist is verbal irony, a figure of speech in which words are used to ridicule a person or thing by conveying a meaning that is the opposite of what the words say. Culture and events
1661 Louis XVI begins building the grand palace at Versailles, near Paris.
1684 China opens ports to foreign trade.
1703 Peter the Great begins building the city of St. Petersburg.
1707 Mughal Empire in India breaks into a patchwork of independent states.
1717 French author Voltaire is imprisoned in the Bastille for nearly a year.
1721 Edo (Tokyo) becomes the world´s largest city.
1732 A royal charter is granted for the founding of the American colony of Georgia;
114 passengers leave Gravesend, England, to settle there.
1757 British rule over India begins (to 1947).
1768 The publication of the Encyclopedia Britannica begins in Scotland.
1773 Phillis Wheatley becomes the first African American to publish a book of poetry.
1793 French king Louis XVI is executed by guillotine.