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Transcript of Adulthood
-Concern with developing intimate relationships and partnerships
-Choices concerning marriage and family are often made during this period.
-Such alternatives to marriage as “living together” (cohabitation) have become more common.
-Work/career choice affects not only socioeconomic status but also friends, political values, residence location, child care, job stress, and many other aspects of life.
-In middle adulthood, an important challenge is to develop a genuine concern for the welfare of future generations and to contribute to the world through family and work.
-Erik Erikson refers to the problem posed at this stage as generativity vs. self absorption.
Table of Contents
While a midlife crisis is not regarded as a universal phenomenon, during one's 40s and 50s comes the recognition that more than half of one's life is gone.
That recognition may prompt some to feel that the clock is ticking and that they must make sudden, drastic changes in order to achieve their goals, while others focus on finding satisfaction with the present course of their lives.
Havighurt's Middle Adulthood
Robert Havighurst lists seven major tasks in the middle years.
accepting and adjusting to physiological changes, such as
-reaching and maintaining satisfaction in one's occupation
-adjusting to and possibly caring for aging parents
-helping teenage children to become responsible adults
-achieving adult social and civic responsibility
-relating to one's spouse as a person
-developing leisure time activities
parents impose rules and expect obedience
submit to their children's desires
parents are both demanding and responsive
Stages of Development Graphic Organizer.
-They have a higher incidence of chronic illnesses, such as cancers and heart conditions, but are surviving longer because of early diagnosis and treatment.
-Memory, most often working memory, fades
-In all cases, whatever one's race, ethnicity or socioeconomic class, developmentalists emphasize the need for those in late adulthood to stay active and interested in many activities, to take classes, volunteer, and participate in the arts.