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Philippine Art Scene
Transcript of Philippine Art Scene
American Colonial and Contemporary Tradition
By Paul Remollena
Philippine Art Scene: Music Dance and Theater
Proof of existence of
Negritos : "Du-nu-ra"
Igorot : "Tralala"
Tagbanuan : "Bactal" "Dumaracaol"
Mindanao: "Subanuns" "Dulzainas"
They introduced their influence in mass and christening
This was performed by priest.
The first Hispano-musical orientation is made by Augustinian.
First Spanish musical influence
Public Concerts and musical were usually held in Intramuros
"Moro-Moro, Carillo" held in private places.
Zarzuela : popular combination of musical, dance, and theatrical acts.
Theater for Rural Folks
Rural folks who could not pay for theater tickets found their theatrical entertainment from komedya, senakulo and karilyo
Filipino folk dance in Spanish colonial era
Komedya- is the story that tells the conflict between moro and christians. And the christians will always win in the end of the play
Senaculo - is a passion play which usually performed in large places.
Karilyo- a shadow play. usually tells the medieval tales and legend as theme.
Waltz - performed during social gatherings
Pandanggo sa Ilaw
Most interesting piece of musical genius during Revolutionary Period
Masacagni's "Cavalleria Rusticana"
Prof. Jose Estalla "La Tagala" performed by charming waltz inspired by Filipino musical airs like kumintang, balitao, zapateado, and helehele
Jose Rizal's Death Anniversary
The theme of music, dances, and theater during the time was dedicated to patriotism which expresses the Filipino passion and aspiration for freedom.
Italian operas were also popular during this period aside for the Spanish zarzuela.
Juan Abad's "Suenos de Mala Fortuna"
Poblete's "Pagibig sa Tinubuang Lupa"
Sempere's "Aguinaldo", "La Justicia de Dios"
The musical influence is expressed in founding the first secular musical institution ing the country the UP Conservatory of Music.
Musical Literary Programs were patterned after European Conservatories
Felipe Padilla de Leon
American Dance Culture
1930 - 1970 : tango, rhumba, samba, paso doble, mambo, chacha
After World War 2: cakewalk, foxtrot, Charleston, big apple one-step and slow drag
1960's: The rock and roll era ; boogie woogie, mashed potato, twist, boogaloo, bossa nova, frug, etc.
It was changed alongside with the changes of music and dance.
Shown in Teatro Zorilla, Teatro Filipino, Teatro Paz.
Eventually changed by "Bodabil"
The 2nd decade of the 20th century witnessed the increased in the interest among filipinos on classical dance.
Lilliputans and Imperial Russian Circus presented the first ballet performance in manila
Anna Pavlova, the most famous ballet dancer of all times, performed at Manila Grand Opera in 1922.
Revolutionary Modern Dance broke in the country almost the same time that ballet gaining the popularity.
Delrouy make "Aesthetic Dances"
Modern Dance in America
Ruth St. Denis and Tel Shwan, founder of modern dance in America Visited the country and performed in Manila Grand Opera in 1926.
Filipino Modern Dancer
First filipino modern dancer and probably one of the greatest is Manolo Rosado.
Ballet and Modern Dance to Filipinized Character
It was initiated by Anita Kan who first produced Maria Makiling in 1939.
Remollena, Paul E.
Alas, Gilbee Lloyd