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Philippine Art Scene

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by

Paul Remollena

on 5 March 2014

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Transcript of Philippine Art Scene

Pre-colonial Tradition
Revolutionary Period
American Colonial and Contemporary Tradition
Spanish Influence
By Paul Remollena
Philippine Art Scene: Music Dance and Theater
Proof of existence of
Pre-Colonial
Tradition
Indigenous Communities
Mangyan
Hanunuo
Igorot
Manobo
Songs
Negritos : "Du-nu-ra"
Igorot : "Tralala"
Tagbanuan : "Bactal" "Dumaracaol"
Mindanao: "Subanuns" "Dulzainas"
Dances
IFUGAO Dance
Musical
Instruments
Timbale
Platillo
SAGAWAN
They introduced their influence in mass and christening
This was performed by priest.
The first Hispano-musical orientation is made by Augustinian.
First Spanish musical influence
Theater
Public Concerts and musical were usually held in Intramuros
"Moro-Moro, Carillo" held in private places.
Zarzuela : popular combination of musical, dance, and theatrical acts.
Theater for Rural Folks
Rural folks who could not pay for theater tickets found their theatrical entertainment from komedya, senakulo and karilyo
Popular ensembles
Rondalla
piccolo
bandurria
laud
octavia
bandola
Filipino folk dance in Spanish colonial era
Komedya- is the story that tells the conflict between moro and christians. And the christians will always win in the end of the play
Senaculo - is a passion play which usually performed in large places.
Karilyo- a shadow play. usually tells the medieval tales and legend as theme.
Waltz - performed during social gatherings
Rigodon
Pandanggo sa Ilaw
Carinosa
Julian Felipe
Most interesting piece of musical genius during Revolutionary Period
Lupang Hinirang
Libertad Theater
Felipe Martin
Masacagni's "Cavalleria Rusticana"
Prof. Jose Estalla "La Tagala" performed by charming waltz inspired by Filipino musical airs like kumintang, balitao, zapateado, and helehele
Jose Rizal's Death Anniversary
Theme
The theme of music, dances, and theater during the time was dedicated to patriotism which expresses the Filipino passion and aspiration for freedom.
Opera
Italian operas were also popular during this period aside for the Spanish zarzuela.
Tagalog Plays
Juan Abad's "Suenos de Mala Fortuna"
Poblete's "Pagibig sa Tinubuang Lupa"
Sempere's "Aguinaldo", "La Justicia de Dios"
Musical Influence
The musical influence is expressed in founding the first secular musical institution ing the country the UP Conservatory of Music.
Musical Literary Programs were patterned after European Conservatories
piano
music theory
harmony
etc.
Prominent Figure
Nicanor Abelardo
Francisco Santiago
Juan Hernadez
Antonio Molina
Felipe Padilla de Leon
American Dance Culture
1930 - 1970 : tango, rhumba, samba, paso doble, mambo, chacha
After World War 2: cakewalk, foxtrot, Charleston, big apple one-step and slow drag
1960's: The rock and roll era ; boogie woogie, mashed potato, twist, boogaloo, bossa nova, frug, etc.
Zarswela
It was changed alongside with the changes of music and dance.
Shown in Teatro Zorilla, Teatro Filipino, Teatro Paz.
Eventually changed by "Bodabil"
20th Century
The 2nd decade of the 20th century witnessed the increased in the interest among filipinos on classical dance.
Lilliputans and Imperial Russian Circus presented the first ballet performance in manila
Anna Pavlova, the most famous ballet dancer of all times, performed at Manila Grand Opera in 1922.
Modern Dances
Revolutionary Dance
Vs
Ballet
Revolutionary Modern Dance broke in the country almost the same time that ballet gaining the popularity.
Delrouy make "Aesthetic Dances"
Modern Dance in America
Ruth St. Denis and Tel Shwan, founder of modern dance in America Visited the country and performed in Manila Grand Opera in 1926.
Filipino Modern Dancer
First filipino modern dancer and probably one of the greatest is Manolo Rosado.
Ballet and Modern Dance to Filipinized Character
It was initiated by Anita Kan who first produced Maria Makiling in 1939.
Presented by:
Remollena, Paul E.
Alas, Gilbee Lloyd
Donozo, Dominico
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