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Evolution of the theory of positive psychology
Transcript of Evolution of the theory of positive psychology
First Theory Authentic Happiness is Martin Seligman's original Theory for positive psychology. He started this theory in the year 2002 with the publish of his book, "Authentic Happiness". The Authentic Happiness theory can be analyzed in three different elements. These elements are positive emotions, engagement, and meaning. The first element is Positive Emotions. This is centered around what we feel: pleasure, rapture, ecstasy, warmth, all these emotions and more. Positive Emotion can also be called the "Pleasant Life". The second element is engagement. Engagement is identifying your highest strengths and using them in your life. Some people refer to this as the "engaged life". The last element would be meaning. Meaning is that the person wants to be apart of something bigger than themselves. So an example would be religion, Boy Scouts, political party, and even family. The authentic Happiness theory is one-dimensional. It is all about feeling good and the choices we make to maximize the happiness we can get in our lives. But in 2005 he had to reevaluate his theory after a student- Senia Maymin- pointed out a flaw in the theory of Authentic Happiness. Martin Seligman had not accounted for success and mastery also being motivation for what humans choose. An example Seligman offers that best illustrates one of the flaws in his first theory is based on the fact that couples with children have on average lower happiness and life satisfaction than couples without children. If humans made choices solely based on happiness, then the human race would have died out many years ago. So therefore a new theory had to be devised to explain this- The Well-Being Theory. The Well-Being Theory This theory has five major components.
(PERMA) No one element defines well-being, but each contributes to it. Some of the elements are measured subjectively, through self evaluation and some are measured objectively. Well-being is about deploying you highest strengths to positive emotions, to more meaning, to more achievements, to better relationships. It is not just about you own feels but actually having good relationships, meaning, and accomplishments. Positive Emotion:
happiness and life satisfaction are included under this. (subjective) Engagement:
this is the "flow stage," thoughts and feelings are in retrospect in this stage. ie: "That was fun." (subjective) Meaning:
this is belonging and serving something bigger than you. it can be both subjective and objective; a conversation with friends is subjective but volunteer work is measurable. Relationships:
having strong and trusting relationships with family, and friends. Accomplishments:
this is the element of mastery, and achieving goals. Bibliography:
-Seligman, Martin. ":: Authentic Happiness :: Using the new Positive Psychology." :: Authentic Happiness :: Using the new Positive Psychology. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2012. <http://www.authentichappiness.sas.upenn.edu/Default.aspx>.
-Seligman, Martin E. P.. Authentic happiness: using the new positive psychology to realize your potential for lasting fulfillment. New York: Free Press, 2002. Print.
-Seligman, Martin E. P.. Flourish. North Sydney, N.S.W.: Random House Australia, 2011. Print.