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CHF Body Prezi
Transcript of CHF Body Prezi
Trouble sleeping due to difficulty breathing. For example, waking up suddenly at night due to difficulty breathing.
A need to sleep sitting up or on more pillows than usual.
Fast or irregular heart beats, palpitations, or a
"racing heart" that persists and makes you feel
dizzy or lightheaded.
Weigh Yourself Daily!
If you gained 1 pound in 2-3 days
Restricted Salt Diet
Avoid high salt foods
(ex: hot dogs, pickles, olives)
Take medications every daily,
Even if you feel better
Congestive Heart Failure
A Patient's Interactive Guide
What is Congestive Heart Failure?
The heart functions to pump blood around the body.
Heart failure simply means that the heart is not pumping blood through the body as well as it should.
The heart is unable to pump enough blood around the body.
The term "heart failure" doesn't mean that your heart has stopped or is about to stop working.
How Does Congestive Heart Failure
Affects Your Body?
Less oxygen intake
Fluid Build- Up
Less able to remove toxins and waste from body
Fluid Build-Up from the backed up blood vessels
Decreased absorption of medications and nutrients
Your New Medications
Most people with heart failure require several medicines for the best results.
Purpose: To treat symptoms in the short run, and the disease in the long run.
Important to keep taking your medications even if you feel better!
The main types of heart failure medicines are:
ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitors
Diuretics (water pills)
ARBs (angiotensin receptor blockers)
Heart Failure Affects Your Entire Body!
Diuretics (Water Pills)
Blockade (ARB) Pills
ACE inhibitors are very beneficial for people with heart failure.
Research has shown that ACE inhibitors help people
They can also decrease symptoms of heart failure and increase your ability to be more active.
Beta-blocker pills are another group of medicines that are very effective for people with heart failure.
Research studies have shown that beta-blockers
improve heart function
and can help people with heart failure
go to the hospital less frequently
They can also control high blood pressure, prevent heart attacks, and help regulate the heart rhythm.
Digoxin pills improve heart function by
making the heart beat stronger
Patients with heart failure
breathe more easily
as a result of digoxin.
Studies show that among patients with heart failure, those taking digoxin go to the hospital less often.
However, not all people with heart failure need digoxin.
reduce the impact of certain harmful stress hormones
(substances that build up in the body of people with heart failure).
They have actions similar to those of ACE inhibitors.
They may be recommended for people who can not tolerate an ACE-I.
Diuretics work by helping your
body get rid of extra fluid
. Less fluid in your lungs makes breathing easier.
Less fluid also means less swelling in other parts of your body to help you feel more comfortable.
Taking your diuretic as directed can decrease the chance that you will have to go to the hospital.
Being thirsty does not mean your body needs more fluid. You need to be careful NOT to replace the fluids that diuretics (water pills) have helped your body get rid of.
Instead try sucking hard candy or chewing gum to relieve thrist
1.5-2.5 liters of fluids at the most each day
Aldosterone antagonists work by blocking the effects of a stress hormone called aldosterone (a substance which can make heart failure worse).
One study shows that people with advanced heart failure who take aldosterone pills
stay out the hospital
High Blood Pressure
Infection of the
Managing Your Heart Failure
Decreasing Your Salt Intake
Why Decrease Your Salt Intake?
Heart failure causes the body to hold on to extra sodium.
The salt causes extra fluid to build up in your body.
The extra fluid makes your heart work harder.
The extra fluid can also cause symptoms such as:
Swelling of Ankles
Shortness of Breath
The typical American diet is very high in sodium!
Even if you do not add salt while cooking or do not use the salt shaker at the table, you are probably eating too much sodium.
A low-sodium diet includes no more than 2,000 to 3,000 milligrams (mg) of sodium per day.
1 teaspoon of salt = 2,300 mg sodium.
Guess the amount of sodium in these common foods?
Reading nutrition labels:
1 Big Mac= 2400mg
1 Slice of Ham= 1500 mg
1 Cup of Watermelon= 3 mg
Track Your Sodium Intake Throughout the Day...
Remember a low sodium diet is 2,000-3,000mg
New Apps for iPhone and Droid can now help you track your sodium intake:
BeFit Sodium Tracker
Add the total sodium from your daily meals which should be
less than 3,000 mg
to best manage your heart failure.
Salt is EVERYWHERE...
How to Decrease Your Salt Intake:
Stop adding salt to your foods
Consider getting a low-salt cookbook
Use salt substitutes (Mrs. Dash)
Choose fresh foods
Becoming More Active:
To start, pick a simple aerobic activity that you like.
An aerobic activity is one that involves moving the large muscles.
A great way to become more active is to start doing activities such as gardening or walking.
such as fishing or bowling that you may have stopped.
Other examples include walking, biking, dancing, and swimming.
Tips and Guidelines for Activity
Get walking shoes
that fit comfortably and have good support.
Take frequent breaks and rest regularly
Do not exercise on either an empty or a full stomach.
Avoid activities or exercising outdoors when it is colder than 40°F or warmer than 80°F or on high smog days.
Always warm up and cool down with stretching and slow walking.
Do any activity at a
slow and steady pace
A lack of exercise can cause worsening of heart failure symptoms
Do not exercise or increase your activities when you:
Have more shortness of breath at rest or more symptoms than usual.
Have a fever, infection, or feel ill.
Have chest pain.
Are going through a major change
in your medication regimen.
When You Should Not be More Active
to see if you are retaining fluid.
Avoid alcohol or drink sparingly (less than 2-3 standard drinks/week).
Get vaccinations such as flu shots routinely.
Quit smoking cigarettes and cigars if you smoke.
When to call for help...
Chest discomfort or pain that lasts more than 15 minutes that is not relieved with rest or nitroglycerin.
Severe, persistent shortness of breath.
Fainted or passed out.
Urgent Symptoms of Heart Failure
Call 911 for emergency help, if you have:
Call your doctor immediately, if you have any of the following symptoms:
What is an Ejection Fraction?
Your ejection fraction (EF) is used to measure how well your heart pumps with each beat to determine the level of heart dysfunction.
EF= Pumping Ability of the Heart
Ejection fraction is usually
expressed as a percentage
A reduced EF may confirm a diagnosis of heart failure.
Your EF can help your doctor determine the best course of treatment for you.
You should have your EF measured when you are first diagnosed, and again as determined by your physician.
Symptoms of Heart Failure
Things to Remember
Fluid builds up in the legs
Depression can be very common when you have
heart disease. It can be treated with medications,
therapy and other treatment modalities
Talk to your medical provider if you
think you may be depressed
Stress can lead to heart and blood vessel problems
Long term stress can lead to severe health problems. Chronic stress disrupts nearly all systems in your body