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IATA 31SUS ALT FUEL

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on 24 February 2017

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Transcript of IATA 31SUS ALT FUEL

SUSTAINABLE ALTERNATIVE FUELS
An Economic Mechanism
New phase started:
Reaching commercial scale

Sustainable Alternative Jet Fuel: Summary
FOUR PILLARS OF CLIMATE ACTION
TECHNOLOGY
MARKET-BASED MEASURE
INFRASTRUCTURE
OPERATIONS
Aviation’s global market-based measure has been agreed
Historic decision at ICAO Assembly to implement an economic measure from 2020
This means
CO = a cost for airlines with, From 2020 Airlines will purchase eligible carbon off-sets to cap the NET CO footprint of the aviation industry

Airlines around the world are supporting the development of Sustainable Alternative Fuels for different reasons
Strategic
Financial
Legislative
Marketing
Test flights
First commercial flights
some airlines begin using sustainable alt jet fuel as BAU to – Commercial agreements and daily flights
Airline/supplier offtake agreements
In addition, strong investments by
US government (incl. military)
to strategic large volume multi-year off-takes and the below paragraph to – strong support from the U.S. Government, including the Military.
United/AltAir operations started
11 March 2016
PRESENT AND FUTURE SAF TYPES
5
pathways certified so far:
HEFA
FT-SPK
SIP
FT-SKA
ATJ
Hydrogenated Esters and Fatty Acids
Fischer-Tropsch process
Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene
Synthetic Kerosene containing Aromatics
Alcohol to Jet
Oil plants (e.g. camelina, jatropha, halophytes, algae)
Used cooking oil, animal tallow
Any biomass, mainly wood and energy plants, agricultural and forestry residues, household waste
(direct sugar-to-hydrocarbon)
Sugar / bagasse, cellulosic matter
Any biomass, mainly wood and energy plants, agricultural and forestry residues, household waste
Sugar, starch (corn etc.), wood residues
D4054 Qualification Process
PROJECTION OF FUTURE SAF CONTRIBUTION
Current
2020
2050
1 – 6 Mt (from States’ and industry announcements)
HEFA+ could contribute a large portion once certified
Radically new energies (electricity) could contribute in addition to biofuels
However, this is strongly dependent on the economic and political framework
Adequate bioenergy exists, even under strict sustainability constraints to supply all of aviation’s energy requirements in the year 2050
SUSTAINABILITY REQUIREMENTS
Land use
Water & air quality
Soil & biodiversity
Societal development
Food security
Aviation will depend on liquid fuels for the next decades
Contrary to land transport, aviation has no other sustainable alternative
IATA Alternative Fuel Symposium – Vancouver, November 2017
2016: Significant commercial activity including daily flights [inflection point]
IATA is engaged in the global guidance of standards, policy and public-private partnership advice
Some SAFs can have a lifecycle improvement of 80%
Over 5000 commercial flights with 22 airlines since 2011
Tested since 2008 and 5 production pathways certified (18 more in different stages of ASTM certification)
Aviation needs “drop-in” fuels
Chemically almost identical to conventional jet fuel (contrary to automotive biodiesel and bioethanol)
Meeting strict technical requirements (ASTM d7566 / d1655)
No need for separate
infrastructure
GLOBAL AVIATION INDUSTRY TARGETS
Timeline
2
2
Steps along supply chain
2009
2011
2014
2016
2016
source: ICAO AFTF and IATA forecasts
2015
Over 5000 commercial flights from >20 airlines and SAF now being used as business as usual from some airports
Full transcript