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The American Revolution and The Age of Enlightenment
Transcript of The American Revolution and The Age of Enlightenment
The Battle of Lexington and Concord
The First Continental Congress
Stamp Act of 1765=Angry Americans
Townshend Acts of 1767=Angry Americans
Boston Massacre, March 5, 1770=Five dead Americans
Tea Tax in 1773=Boston Tea Party
Boston Tea Party=Angry British and The Intolerable Acts (Basically an attempt to control the government in Massachusetts)
The Revolutionary Period
British troops march to Concord to seize military supplies
Minutemen (American militia) stop them in Lexington...briefly
Minutemen in Concord chase them back to Boston
Beginning of The Revolutionary War
"Shot heard 'round the world"
The Declaration of Independence signed and adopted on July 4, 1776
Protected freedom of Americans
Signified the beginning of one of the most powerful countries in history
All stemmed from the desire for education and independence
Puritan Beliefs and Independence
Began a movement away from the British tradition and monarchy
Established a place for new growth and the beginnings of a different lifestyle
The Age of Enlightenment
Everything based on reason rather than religion and tradition
Believed in science and a progressive way of life
Believed that religious superstition held back the progress of man
Emerging American Culture
During The Revolutionary Period, America almost doubled in population
People, inspired by the war and new beginnings, began producing art
Between 1763 and 1789, theaters were built, museums and art galleries opened, the first American novel was published, and American plays and poems were written
Result of The Intolerable Acts
Included members from 12 of the 13 colonies
Began the American Revolution
First appeal to the crown was rejected
Patrick Henry said, "There is no longer any room for hope...we must fight! I repeat, sir, we must fight!"
Thomas Jefferson, "All men are created equal and have the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness."
Benjamin Franklin, "Being ignorant is not so much a shame, as being unwilling to learn."
Thomas Paine, "When men yield up the privilege of thinking, the last shadow of liberty quits the horizon."
The American Dream
- Believed in use of reason to govern societies (as opposed to past tradition)
- Based this on freedom of speech, from outside rulers (King of England), to experiment, and to question laws and institutions
The American Dream Today
How has it changed?
How is it similar to what it was during the Revolutionary period?
What does it mean to people from foreign countries as opposed to people from America?