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(5) Ancient Mesopotamia

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Mrs. Aiello

on 22 June 2018

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Transcript of (5) Ancient Mesopotamia

Do Now:
1.What is the meaning of this quotation?
2. How does this relate to social order and laws?
Quote of the Day
Tigris River
Euphrates River
Mesopotamia was an ancient region in the eastern
bounded in the northeast by the
Zagros Mountains
and in the southeast by the
Arabian Plateau

Located in today’s
, mostly, but also parts of modern-day
Iran, Syria and Turkey

Cradle of Civilization
Additional Nickname
The Fertile Crescent
: The Fertile Crescent is the region in the Middle East which curves, like a quarter-moon shape, from the Persian Gulf, through modern-day southern Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Israel and northern Egypt.
Early Mesopotamia
Known as the Cradle of Civilization (or the Fertile Crescent) is regarded as the
birthplace of agriculture, urbanization, writing, trade, science, history and organized religion
and was first populated
10,000 BCE
and the
domestication of animals
began in the region.

By 9,000 BCE the cultivation of
wild grains
and cereals was wide-spread and, by 5000 BCE, irrigation of agricultural crops was fully developed.

By 4500 BCE the cultivation of wool-bearing
was practiced widely.
First Cities of Mesopotamia
Sumer was the southernmost region of ancient Mesopotamia (
modern-day Iraq and Kuwait
) which is generally considered the
cradle of civilization
People of Sumer were known as
First inhabited around
4500 BCE
ruled over Sumer- believed that civilization was the result of the gods’ triumph of order over chaos
Believed that their rulers were linked to their gods
First Cities of Mesopotamia
One of the most important cities in ancient Mesopotamia
The city of Uruk is most famous for its great king
Gilgamesh (believed to be half human/ half god)
and the epic tale of his quest for immortality
The origin of
originated here
The origin of building of great stone structures & the origin of the
First Cities of Ancient Mesopotamia
Ur was an
important trade
center owing to its location at a pivotal point where the Tigris and Euphrates run into the Persian Gulf.

As with other great urban complexes in the region, the city began as a
small village
which was most likely led by a
priest or priest-king

This city built a
wall (protection & isolationism)
which ran 155 miles along the border of the region to keep out the barbarian tribes
First Cities of Mesopotamia
Babylon is the
most famous city
from ancient Mesopotamia whose ruins lie in modern-day Iraq

Name meaning "
Gate of the Gods

The city is known for its
impressive walls
, its reputation as a great seat of
learning and culture,
the formation of a
code of law

Hanging Gardens of Babylon
- one of the 7 Wonders of the World
Full transcript