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The Chinese Civil War
Transcript of The Chinese Civil War
Strengths & Successes of CCP
The Long March- created defensible base in Ya'an. Propaganda victory gained many followers (peasants)
Confirmed Mao as leader and gave the survivors amazing battle experience
Weaknesses &Failures of GMD
Decision to deal with the CCP before the Japanese lost them patriotic support
Treating the peasants like dirt lost them majority vote
Caused inflation by reprinting money
USA- gave GMD 3 billion dollars as well as supplies and troops to support them
Presence was more of a hindrance then a help. GMD became a larger pariah to the public
Impact of the Sino Japanese War
Jieshi relied on US to win the war against Japan for him; negative impact on his army's morale
Since his bases were under control by Japanese Jieshi lost a lot of tax revenue leading him to print more money causing inflation. YAY!
This hugely impacted the middle class in a destructive way leading GMD to lose its natural supporters
The Chinese Civil War
Extending their hands to GMD to beat Japan together gained popularity posing them as true nationalists.
Jiang Jieshi's repressive regime alienated liberals & middle classes.
Failed to win mass support relying on wealthy businessmen and landlords to keep afloat.
70% expansion, 20% GMD & 10% resisting the Japanese.
Egalitarian policies; education for peasants and equal rights for women for the first time in Chinese history
Women typically had no righs to divorce or inheritance, no education, no political rights and were bought and sold as laborers wives and prostitutes.
Communism gave them the right to vote at 18, freedom to divorce, and education
Became self sufficent. Held back inflation, by taxing people in goods. "garrison system"
USSR- reluctant to assist but late in the war established military training colleges and trained CCP pilots