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"Everyday Use"

Alice Walker
by

R. E.

on 11 June 2013

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Transcript of "Everyday Use"

Alice Walker "Everyday Use" Alice Walker African-American writer
Born on February 9, 1944 in Eatontown, Georgia
7 siblings
Sharecropper parents "Everyday Use" Maggie
Younger daughter
Shy, kind girl
Uneducated; stays at home with her mom
Scarred from the fire that burned her previous house down Done By: Reem Eldabagh WORKS CITED "Alice Walker Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 02
June 2013.

Kimmich, Allison. "Alice Walker: Overview." Feminist Writers. Ed. Pamela
Kester-Shelton. Detroit: St. James Press, 1996. Literature Resource Center. Web. 02 June 2013.

Walker, Alice. "Everyday Use." faculty.weber.edu. Weber State University,
n.d. Web. 02 June 2013. Alice Walker At age of 8, she was shot by a BB pellet gun in her right eye by her brother while playing.
Became self-conscious of her damaged eye
Became reclusive
Found solace in literature Fun Fact Her family has Irish, Scottish, and Cherokee* lineage.

*The Cherokee are a Native American people. Alice Walker Attended segregated schools
Graduated high school as valedictorian
Attended Spelman College in Atlanta
Switched to Sarah Lawrence College in NYC
Graduated in 1965 Valedictorian Alice Walker Alice Walker Married activist Melvyn Leventhal in 1967
Had one daughter, Rebecca Walker
Divorced in 1976 Alice Walker Most famous and widely-read black woman writer in America

"Womanist" writer - dealt with black feminist concerns "Everyday Use" Mama (Mrs. Johnson)
Narrator of story
Both a mother and father for her 2 children
2nd grade education (uneducated)
Poor, tough, strong woman Had several different jobs
Active in the 1960s Civil Rights Movement
First work was "Once" - a collection of poems - published in 1968
Most notable work was novel "The Color Purple" About Childhood About Alice Walker Education After College Personal Life "Everyday Use" Dee
Older daughter
Renames herself Wangero Leewanika Kemanjo
Educated and wordly
Stylish "Everyday Use" "Everyday Use" Mama waits for Dee's arrival in the yard. She thinks about the jealousy Maggie will feel during Dee's stay, since she has scars and burn marks while Dee has flawless, lighter skin as well as a simple, happy life.

Mama's thoughts are interrupted by Maggie's arrival in the yard. Seeing Maggie's scars, she remembers the house fire. Mama then talks about Dee's education, which was made possible by donations from the church. She recalls how Dee used to read "unnecessary" information to them, and how Mama would feel trapped when Dee did so.

Then, Dee and Hakim-a-barber arrive. When Mama calls Dee, Dee informs her that her name is Wangero Leewanika Kamanjo, not Dee.

They then have dinner and Dee begins looking around the house, asking to take the churn top, dasher, and finally the quilts. To this, Mama refuses; she will not let Dee (Wangero) take the quilts, since she saved them for Maggie. When Mama asks Dee about what she will do with them, Dee says she will hang them. Mama still refuses.

Dee becomes very angry and says that all Maggie will do with them is put them to everyday use. Maggie comes over and says Dee can have the quilts.

Still, Mama remains determined to give them to Maggie and so she does.

At this, Dee and Hakim-a-barber leave. Fun Fact She was prom queen! About Alice Walker Role in American Fiction Characters "Everyday Use" Written in 1973
Part of her short story collection, "In Love and Trouble"
Film version released in 2003
Film won the 2005 Silver Telly Award Short Story Characters MAMA MAGGIE Characters Characters Hakim-a-barber
Short and stocky
Dee's boyfriend/husband Plot Summary "Everyday Use" Plot Summary "Everyday Use" Plot Summary Alice Walker Influences Her "eye accident"
Her great-grandmother's rape as a 12-year-old
Her life of activism
Struggles African-Americans faced, especially women Fun Fact About Alice Walker She was the first African-American woman to win the Pulitzer Prize for fiction! st Interests Social conditions that affect family relationships
Black women's abuse
The writer Zora Neale Hurston's work Alice Walker Literary Criticism "Alice Walker's writing pays homage to the complexity of human experience; it illustrates the pain and violence that has marked so many black people's lives even as it offers hope for personal transformation and renewal" (Kimmich). Admired, especially for her feminism and portrayal of African-American struggles "Everyday Use" Themes The meaning of heritage
The quilts have sentimental value for Mama, while they are artifacts to Dee (Wangero).

Education can mean separation.
Mama was uneducated and only liked learning useful information, and sticking to her own ways rather than adopting "other folks' habits." Dee was however, "worldly" and thus she had her own ideas about everything. ANY QUESTIONS The End Dee Hakim-a-barber "Everyday Use" Analysis Symbolism
Maggie = Alice Walker
Both had injuries which made them insecure.
Quilts = Johnson family heritage
Quilts were hand-sewn by Maggie and Dee's grandmother.
Irony
Hakim-a-barber
He has very long, uncut hair.
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