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The Nature Vs Nurture Debate
Transcript of The Nature Vs Nurture Debate
What is it?
Concerned with the extent to which particular aspects of behaviour are a product of either nature: inherited/genetic or nurture: environmental factors influenced after conception
Issue still remains in areas such as in the debate of homosexuality and influences on intelligence
Maturational factors: child-centered approach
Environmental factors: directive approach to child rearing
Nature (heredity) is the genetic code you are born with - height, behaviour and IQ
Able to question and speculate as to whether psychological characteristics such as personality attributes, mental abilities and behavioural tendencies are "wired in" before we are even born
In practice hardly anyone today accepts both extreme positions - both sides are inconsistent and contradictory with an "all or nothing" view
Developmental Impacts of Nature
Can be illustrated in the studies of twins:
This study explored a set of twins that were raised separately. They did not meet until they were almost forty and had many similarities even though they were raised apart. There was no real explanation for all their similarities except that nature must play a crucial role in development (Voices, Y., 2005)
Developmental Impact of Nurture
When considering a person's environment in influencing ability, nutrition plays an important example:
This study explores when a group of children were given vitamin and mineral supplements for eight months. They were given intelligences tests before and after the eight-month treatment. The result was improvements in scores as compared to another group who weren't given vitamin and mineral supplements. The results suggest that environment plays a role in the intellectual ability of people. It is not an illogical leap to understand this will probably extend to physical abilities as well (Voices, Y., 2005)
What can we learn from this?
Application to Early Childhood Setting
Provides a guide for understanding and dealing with different children
Teacher must be completely aware that every single one of their students is going to be different even if the students are related
Child who is badly influenced at home and lives in a low social economic area = may get distracted in class as they are not used to the constant discipline and formal structure of a schooling environment
Good teacher will be able to work with each child individually and know their strengths and weaknesses
‘Recognising that development is produced by the interaction of nature and nurture is really just a starting point for the modern science of human development.’
Comparison of Developmental Theories