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Transcript of Copyright
Anything published before 1923
90% of works published from 1923- Jan. 1964 are not copy righted.
US Federal Government Published Documents are public domain unless marked otherwise.
Great Public Domain resources include:
Library of Congress
Flickr: The Commons
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Works in the Public Domain
How can you bring copyright infringement charges against someone or an organization?
What is infringement?
"Copyright infringement occurs when a copyrighted work is reproduced, distributed, performed, publicly displayed, or made into a derivative work without the permission of the copyright owner."
What doesn't copyright protect?
methods of operation
However, it may protect the way these things are expressed.
Oxford Dictionaries defines this as:
"the state of belonging or being available to the public as a whole, and therefore not subject to copyright"
What does copyright protect?
Original works of authorship including:
Examples include poetry, novels, movies, songs, computer software, and architecture.
A work becomes copyrighted when it is fixed in a tangible medium of expression.
As of March 1, 1989 works do not require a copyright notice (© or the word copyright, the author´s name and the year of publication)
Copyright registration is also no longer required, but it is smart to affix a copyright notice to works so that the owner is easily identified
Examples of Public Domain:
The Holy Bible
Works of Shakespeare and Beethoven
The Mona Lisa Smile
Most of the early silent films
What to do first?
Register to with the Copyright office. A registration is a prerequisite for U.S. authors seeking to initiate a suit for copyright infringement in federal district court.
Who enforces the copyright laws?
The Copyright office is not responsible for enforcing their laws.
It is a civil matter and the owner must pursue in federal court.
Who can help you?
The Copyright office cannot recommend an attorney, but your local bar association may be able to.
There also are organizations who may help you such as Volunteer Lawyers to the Arts. They offer discounted and even free legal advise to those pursuing copyright infringement.
Even local law schools may help represent you through their clinical programs for their students.
How & When Does a Work Become Copyrighted?