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The Elements and Principles of Art in Photography

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Ugogo Ohale

on 30 October 2012

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Transcript of The Elements and Principles of Art in Photography

ELEMENTS AND PRINCIPLES OF ART
IN PHOTOGRAPHY A POINT IN MOVING SPACE

IT STARTS SOMEWHERE, AND ENDS SOMEWHERE ELSE. LINE SHAPE- WHEN A LINE MEETS ITSELF
CAN BE GEOMETRIC or ORGANIC
TRIANGLE

FORM- HAS VOLUME AND IS 3-D
PYRAMID SHAPE AND FORM LIGHT IS NEEDED IN ORDER TO SHOW THE COLOR
THREE QUALITIES OF COLOR ARE : HUE- NAME OF THE COLOR
SATURATION- INTENSITY OF THAT COLOR
VALUE- LIGHTNESS/DARKNESS OF A COLOR QUALITY OF LIGHT AND DARK IN A PHOTO
IN TERMS OF COLOR AND GRAY SHADES
HOW MUCH LIGHT IS REFLECTED AND ABSORBED

CAN AFFECT THE MOOD OF THE PHOTO VALUE 2D ARRANGEMENTS OF OBJECTS IN A PHOTOGRAPH
3D ILLUSTION OF DEPTH IN AN IMAGE

POSTIVE SPACE- THE SUBJECT
NEGATIVE SPACE- THE BACKGROUND SPACE APPEALS TO THE SENSE OF TOUCH
WHAT THE SUBJECT FOCUSED ON LOOKS AS IF IT WOULD FEEL.
MAKES A PHOTO LOOK REAL AND 3D TEXTURE PATTERN REPETITION OF ANY ELEMENT OF ART IN A PHOTO
A REPEATED PATTERN ON AN IMAGE BALANCE WEIGHT THAT LOOKS EQUAL ON A PHOTO SYMMETRICAL- MIRROR IMAGE LOOK
ASYMMETRICAL- OBJECTS ARE PLACED ON ONE SIDE OF THE IMAGE, OFTEN LOOKING TOWARDS CENTER
RADIAL- OBJECTS RADIATE FROM A CENTRAL POINT UNITY WHEN ALL PARTS OF A PHOTO COMPLIMENT EACH OTHER
ALL THE ELEMENTS RELATE TO ONE ANOTHER VARIETY DIFFERENT ART ELEMENTS & PRINCIPLES
IN A PHOTO.
i.e. SMOOTH, ROUGH,
PRETTY MUCH "OPPOSITES" MOVEMENT
AND
RHYTHM REAL OR IMPLIED MOTION OF THE SUBJECT
MOVEMENT CAN ALSO BE HOW VIEWERS EYES TRAVEL THROUGH PHOTO. LINES& LIGHT INFLUENCE THAT
RHYTHM- REPETITION OF ART ELEMENTS OR OBJECTS EMPHASIS PHOTOS' MAIN IDEA
SUBJECT'S DOMINANCE
SUBJECT HAS MORE LIGHT AND IS OFTEN LARGER TO BRING THE FOCUS RIGHT TOWARDS IT PROPORTION RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN OBJECT SIZES IN AN IMAGE
ASSISTS US IN KNOWING DISTANCE AND LOCATION The apple looks freshly washed and extremely juicy. The apple appears shiny and the texture has a smooth, slick feel. This is a color image of a brown colossal rock with light on one end and shade on the other. The image is zoomed in, but not too far that the surrounding sky doesn't show. There is a slit in the middle, which sort of makes it look like a limb.
The rock has coarse rough texture to it as can be seen with the grain specs of a lighter color all throughout it. This image is a color photograph of an apple. It's zoomed in onto the center of the apple towards the top. The top has a greenish hue morphing into red at the bottom. This is a color image of a dark haired girl in a white dress posing for a picture. She greets the camera with a warm smile and piercing eyes. The background is a bit blurred which brings the focus directly onto the girl.
I chose this image for space because the object of the photo is the girl, and the background is blurred to bring your attention to her. She is the positive space and the main subject. The background to this is the negative space. This is a color image of a purple flower with yellow orange in the center. The flower is sharp and immediately viewed whereas the background is blurred and a bit hard to make out.
I chose this image for space because this photo is made to look really close up, but the background far away . The purple flower is the main subject in this photo (positive space), the background is a bit opaque, so it'll be the negative space. This is a color image of a woman laying upon an edge, underneath a bridge. There is water surrounding her and she is a few hundred feet away from land on the other side of the bridge.

Lines are all throughout this photo, there are lines along the platform in which the woman lays, there are lines on the tree adjacent to her leading up to the bridge, and there are lines along the bridge moving away from her. The lines shape the photo and move the eyes along this image. This is a color image of a purpleish, blueish hued flower. In the center of this flower is a portion of yellow. This is all on top of a black background.

The lines shape this flower. Although the flower appears to be very soft, the lines are sharper than ever, going about in this way and that. They bring you towards the flower and immediately away from it. The lines in this image go up and down, in and out. It's sort of a rhythym. This is a extremely vivid color image of pastries. They have had some pink or yellow food coloring and are glued together with a sticky, tasty looking jam. It appears to be mini burgers stacked on top of one another in a huge pile.
I chose this photo for shape because you can see little round pastries all over. They appear to be cylinder shaped. Looking down onto them they look circular, and looking at them from the side, they look like cylinders. This color image is composed of a white shell and a white feather on grainy orange hued sand. The feather and shell are informally separated by a subtle line in the sand.
This image shows a shell that seems like a perfectly round circle from afar, but when closely observed, has its little grooves on the sides. This is a high contrast color image consisting of one fly slightly on top of and towards the back of another... doing what flies do. They look as if they are on the flesh of a human or fruit. This is a wonderful image for color because the subject and the background are so contrasting. The flies are a dark grayish blackish mix and the background is a yellow greenish hue.
This immediately stands out because the colors are not alongside each other on the color wheel. The flies have huge red eyes that make them pop out just a wee bit more. This is an excellent image for color. This image consists of seven or eight people beside a small hut. This hut is on a thin strip of land, surrounded by water on both sides. Then there is nothing but sky in which it is dawn and the sun should be going down anytime soon.

The color in the photo is beautiful. There is a relection of the sky on the water and it appears yellow. The shadow of the hut is black and behind it is gray and as the eyes travel upward, forming an orange hue that gets lighter the farther up one looks. COLOR This is a color image of a festival of some sort under the blue night sky. There are five visible hot air balloons, each of them with their own light source from the center, causing the whole balloon to light up. People standing beneath in the grass gaze at the balloons in awe and admiration.
This is a wonderful image for value because the light is not too great in the photo, which sets off a calm mood. Light shines from towards the middle of the photo and darkens as it comes outward towards the sky and the people. This is a black and white image of two men outside what is shown as "Erie Cafe." They both are focusing their attention towards something away from the camera, possibly in the cafe. One sits on a bench and the other man stands, slightly leaning to the left.
This is a great image for value, because it seems as if the whole photo is lit by the "Erie Cafe" sign. The surroundings are as dark as night and it brings out a cool but anticipated feeling. This is a color image of black and white cat walking through bold green grass sprinkled with leaves.

The background is a bit blurred, and the image gets sharper towards the front. This brings the attention right towards the cat as it is "empasized" in the image so it is the first thing seen by the viewer. This is a very nice black and white photograph. The photo is obviously used with a very nice camera, and it shows a lot of different textures and details. The image consists of a man most likely on a race and his number is 200. The man is on his bike and expresses a face of frustration and competitiveness as his jaws are wide open and he looks as if he's shouting something in order to give himself that boost of power.
Although this image provides detail all throughout, the emphasis is directly on the guy. He is the subject of the photo and immediately brought into view when the image is viewed. This photo will be pointless without him. This is a color image of a rippled flower. The flower has white petals with yellow towards the inside and a slightly orange center.
This photo represents pattern due to the rippled affect on it. There are ripples along the whole flower in a circular shape. This is a color photo of a building, but at a side angle view looking up. There are arcs that seem cut out and in the photo are windows that appear to be lined up after the arc.
This photo is a great one for pattern because there are arcs throughout the whole building. The arcs are along the same line and the same distance apart, resulting in uniform pattern. In this color photo, there is a man herding sheep on the road. He carries an umbrella and a dog runs alongside him, assisting him in his duties. In the background, there are mountains under a light blue mixed with gray sky. Then mountains then lighten up into hills as we go down, and the hills lighten up into dirt and dead grass.
This is an excellent photo for movement as it shows a moment in the action. The angles of which every organism in this photo are headed forward, as if they're all running toward something. This is a great photo for movement. It's a stop action image, capturing a still photo in a not still scene. This is a black and white image of numerous people at a festival or gathering. There are booths providing services that people can go to. Some people are walking, others are laying down in the grass, and one girl in specific, is running away from the camera.

The girl is not faced towards the camera and her body is in motion. That is obvious by the blur around her and only her. Everyone in the photo is still and she's blurred with her arms and legs at an unbalanced angle. She is in motion, and that makes this photo a great one for the word motion. This is a color image focusing on balls of hay scattered simultaneously on plains. Looking further into the image, one can a home and the horizon and sunset. giving off an orange hue. The sky however, looks gray and cloudy.
This image represents assymetrical balance as the largest ball of hay(the subject) is off towards the side of the image. The image gravitates towards the right, causing the photo to have an off-balance effect. This is an color image. In this photo is a young boy in thick clothing, sitting on the bottom of three wooden bars. The middle bars are used to gain balance as he places his arm over them and smiles at the camera someone we cannot see. Behind him are scrubs and flowers, subtly complimenting the picture without being too distracting.

I have chosen this photo to represent assymetrical balance because the boy is in the center of the photo, however his body is more towards the right side. There is more weirght towards the right side of the image so it makes the photo slightly uneven, but on purpose. In this color photograph, I see a man with his arms up in order to block the sun from his eyes. He's smiling and his head is tilted to the side, this man is in a body of water. His palms are facing upward and it's overall a good mood.

This is a perfect selection for unity. The lines in the photo compliment the wet, soft looking texture of both the water, and the guys skin. His face is shaded and this palms are bright, catching the light of the sun. The colors in this photo mix well, they have a slight yellow tint to them which makes them blend well. This is a color image of an elder couple walking on a gravel path together. The have their backpacks on so it's infered they went on a hike. Along the sides of the path is healthy looking green grass and trees. A little forward on the path is a white fence giving off a border effect.

The grainy texture of the gravel path and the soft moist grass, mixed with the rich green colors, and the curved path line and the horizontal white fence make this photo an ideal example of unity. In this color image, there is a brown stuffed bear animal. He's propped up on what looks to be a blue metal bench. The background is brown (just like the bear) and blurred.

The bear is made of soft fluffy looking material. The bench looks metal and shiny with lines that direct the movement of the eyes toward the center of the image. The way the bear is propped up and slanted towards the side makes the photo look asymetrical. The blurred background adds emphasis to the bear which is the positive space. All of these and a different touch to the photo, expressing variety. This is a vivid color image of the busy city. There is a huge flow of cars alongside the buildings that house huge billboards. The roads have white bold marks and words. Everything appears to be highly sharped.

The bold bright colors of the cars and signs stand out on the dull gray of the ground. Lines on the road and implied lines based on the cars create movement as ones eyes move inwards. There is no one subject, as this whole photo is emphasized. The soft texture of the clouds and the smooth shiny cold metal look of the buildings and cars make this photo an awesome example of variety. In this color photograph, i see five people standing side by side posing for a picture. They are on the side of an old dirty building and near a cell tower.

This is a great photo for proportion because the camera comes from a bottom angle pointed upwards. This camera angle causes the people to resemble giants, for they are almost the size of the building. The building even almost looks the same height as the cell tower. This is a black and white photograph of a little boy on a court smiling towards the camera. To the side of him is a large ball in midair. The boy has spectators on the left side of the photo.

This is an excellent photo for proportion due to the fact that the boy, obviously young, looks the same size as the elder spectator. The ball in midair is about as big as everyone in the photo if not larger. This is merely due to the fact that it is closer to the camera, however it makes this image look surreal.
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