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Matthew Biggart

on 6 April 2015

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Transcript of Judaism

Religious Experience
Customs and Practices
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- Bronze Age (Abraham, Moses)
- Joshua, Conquest of Canaan (13th century BCE)
- Saul (11th century BCE, start of the monarchy)
- David and Solomon
- The First Temple and Ark of the Covenant
- 920 BCE, Kingdom fell apart, time of the prophets
- 586 BCE, Temple destroyed, leadership killed, Babylonian Diaspora
- Rabbinic Judaism vs Temple Judaism
- Nationalism?
- Hellenistic Judaism (4th to 2nd Century BCE)
- Roman rule
- 70 BCE Second Temple destroyed after the Great Revolt
- 175 BCE, revolt of the Maccabees
- Roman empire, Jesus
- Hebrews were one of many tribal peoples who eked out a life in the "not so" Fertile Crescent after Agricultural Revolution (Canaan). Bronze Age, 4,000 years ago.

- Originally worshiped many gods, animal sacrifices for good weather, fortune, etc.

- Eventually developed an idea of "monotheism"
- Singularity
- Transcendent
- Personal god (could chat with him)
- Moral religiousness and social justice
- Yahweh (YHWH)

- Developed the idea of the "covenant"

History (cont.)
- The Covenant
- keep God's law
- Chosen people
- Faith of family
- Sabbath Meal
- Faith of community
- Rosh Hashanah (New Year)
- Yon Kippur (Day of Atonement)
- Chanukah (Maccabees and the Syrian Greeks)
- Muslim rule in Jerusalem (relatively peaceful)
- The Crusades
- The Torah and Old Testament
- Abraham's story and his "deal" with God.
- Sarah, Issac and Jacob. Ishmael and Hagar
- Enslavement, Moses, burning bush and The Exodus. Joshua.
- The Israelite vs the Philistines, birth of a Kingdom
- Israel
- (10 century BCE) David, Solomon...Jesus?
Lives In
- Israel and the United States
- All over the World
- Historical Israel and Judah. Canaan, the Holy Land, the Promised Land
The 1100s
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The Basics
- Segregation and special clothes (Does this sound familiar?)
- Expulsions in France, Spain and England
- Martin Luther, 1517
- Hassidism
- Russia and the Pale
- Zionism: Balfour Declaration, 1948 state

- 700 HUNDRED Wives

- Beautiful palaces

- 1st Temple at Jerusalem

- The Holocaust

- “Sacrifice by fire”

"The Holocaust was the systematic, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of approximately six million people by the Nazi regime and its collaborators.”

- The ghettos, 1939

- Warsaw Ghetto – 400,000 people living in 1.3 square miles – 7 people per room, Disease and hunger

Gypsies, disabled, Slavic, communists, socialists

- Jewish population in 1933 was around 9 million

- “Euthanasia program” in 1939
Work program
Einsatzgruppe (mobile killing unit)

Full transcript