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The Church vs. The Scientific Revolution

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Brittany Monda

on 12 December 2013

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Transcript of The Church vs. The Scientific Revolution

The Church vs. The Scientific Revolution
Significance
What is significant about my topic is the fact that originally the church played a big role in science and then as people like Nicolaus Copernicus and Johannes Kepler and many others came along, they discovered things that went against the Churches beliefs and religion. Most scientists did not want to change their role of Christianity. The Church explained the world through inspiration but science explained it through logical reasoning.
How Past Views Changed
"The church feared reason as an enemy of faith, but
eventually began to embrace some of the achievements of the Scientific Revolution." While the church opposed the views of many scientists, it benefited from new
discoveries that made Renaissance art and architecture possible.
Reactions
Many upper class and middle class turned away from traditionally religious views. This made Europe a more Secular society. A new religion was made called deism which was intended to construct a more natural religion based on reason and natural law.
Background Info
The church believed in the idea that the universe and everything in it works according to "laws of nature." These laws are established by the Divine Being. Originally in the middle ages science and religion intertwined closely. The Renaissance brought upon interest in astronomy and star gazing contradicted the churches conception of cosmos. In 1543 Nicolaus Copernicus ruined Aristotle's theory of the geocentricism when he proposed that planets revolve around the sun. Copernicus "displaced God and heaven and stripped man's central role in the physical realm" This brought him harsh criticism from both Protestants and Roman Catholics.In 1609 the church and science didn't agree on many things. Johannes Kepler calculated that the planets orbit the sun in an elliptical, not circular, pattern. This went against religious symbolism because the circle is viewed as a sign of perfection.
By: Britt Monda
Summary
Basically the Catholic Church viewed the earth as the center of the universe and that God created the universe to serve people. But during the scientific revolution people such as Nicolause Copernicus, Johannes Kepler and Galileo Galilei challenged the Churches views with their theories. The church banned books published with their theories in them. The Pope demanded that Galileo came to Rome to stand trial for publishing his ideas that "not all heavenly bodies revolved around the earth" because it contradicted the Churches position. Then the religion of Deism was created by those who didn't necessarily agree with the church and wanted to apply reason to religious beliefs.
Question!
Would you change your religion if someone proved the beliefs you were taught to be wrong?
Resources:
-http://history.howstuffworks.com/historical-events/enlightenment2.htm
-http://www.perucsd.org/kroach/Homework%20pdf/How%20the%20Scientific%20Revolution%20changed%20society.pdf
Full transcript