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Alcohol

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by

Erin Steuerwald

on 12 December 2014

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Transcript of Alcohol

Effects on the Body
Drinking & Driving
Nutritional Value of Alcohol
What is a Standard Drink?
What is Alcohol?
1 gram of alcohol= 7 calories
How alcohol enters the body
Alcohol is absorbed into the bloodstream via small blood vessels in the walls of the stomach and small intestine. Within minutes of drinking alcohol, it travels from the stomach to the brain, where it quickly produces its effects, slowing the action of nerve cells.

Approximately 20% of alcohol is absorbed through the stomach. Most of the remaining 80% is absorbed through the
small intestine
.

Alcohol is also carried by the bloodstream to the liver, which eliminates the alcohol from the blood through a process called “metabolizing,” where it is converted to a nontoxic substance. The liver can only metabolize a certain amount at a time, leaving the excess circulating throughout the body. Thus the intensity of the effect on the body is directly related to the amount consumed.

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Brain
Heart
Liver
Pancreas
Stomach
Reproductive system
Ethyl alcohol is the alcohol found in beverages.

Fermentation- chemical process that produces alcohol through the action of yeast on sugars
Making a knowledgeable choice about Alcohol
beer- malted barley
wine-berries or grapes
whiskey- malted grains (rye or corn)
vodka-potatoes
rum-molasses
Sources of Sugars
Moderate alcohol consumption
:According to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, moderate drinking is up to 1 drink per day for women and up to 2 drinks per day for men
NIAAA defines
binge drinking
as a pattern of drinking that brings blood alcohol concentration (BAC) levels to 0.08 g/dL. This typically occurs after 4 drinks for women and 5 drinks for men—in about 2 hours
SAMHSA defines
heavy drinking
as drinking 5 or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
Drinking Levels Defined
Brain:
Alcohol interferes with the brain’s communication pathways, and can affect the way the brain looks and works. These disruptions can change mood and behavior, and make it harder to think clearly and move with coordination.
Heart:
Drinking a lot over a long time or too much on a single occasion can damage the heart, causing problems including:

Cardiomyopathy – Stretching and drooping of heart muscle
Arrhythmias – Irregular heart beat
Stroke
High blood pressure
Liver
Fatty Liver
Alcoholic hepatitis
Cirrhosis- destroys liver cells and plugs the liver with fibrous scar tissue that can lead to failure & death
Pancreas
Alcohol causes the pancreas to produce toxic substances that can eventually lead to pancreatitis, a dangerous inflammation and swelling of the blood vessels in the pancreas that prevents proper digestion.
Stomach
Can halt the digestive process, robbing the body of vital vitamins and minerals
Drinking alcohol and taking medication such as aspirin, can cause gastritis (inflammation of the stomach lining), ulcers, and severe bleeding.
Reproduction:
Infertility among both men & women
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) symptoms, which include physical abnormalities, learning difficulties, and behavioral problems, can last a lifetime
What factors influence the extent of which alcohol affects the body?

how much & how often a person drinks
age & how long a person has been drinking
environment: person’s age, level of education, gender, genetic background, and family history of alcoholism
prenatal alcohol exposure
general health status
What is BAC?
concentration of alcohol in one's bloodstream
expressed as a percentage
used to determine whether a person is legally intoxicated
http://bloodalcoholcalculator.org
Blood Alcohol Content
Wisconsin Laws
It is illegal in Wisconsin for a driver over the age of 21 to operate a motor vehicle:
With a BAC of .08 or greater
While under the influence of an intoxicant
With a detectable amount of restricted controlled substance in his or her blood
While under the influence of a controlled substance or any other drug
Drivers under 21 years of age are required by law to maintain "absolute sobriety," and, for them, driving with any amount of alcohol in their system is illegal.
Consequences
Penalties for operating a motor vehicle while intoxicated range from forfeiture and license revocation for a first offense, to up to 6 years imprisonment, 3 year license revocation and possible seizure of vehicles for subsequent offenses. Additional, more severe penalties apply if injury or death results.
Alcohol-related crashes killed 223 people in Wisconsin and injured nearly 3,000 2012.
Approximately, 26% of all fatal traffic crashes in Wisconsin in 2012 were alcohol-related.
Interesting Facts...
Wisconsin has the higest rate of drunken driving in the nation
Refuse a blood/breath alcohol concentration (BAC) test and you will lose your license on the spot for at least one year and you may have your car impounded
If you drive drunk with a child under age 16 in the vehicle, the penalties will double
Entirely Preventable
Choose a sober designated driver before you start drinking.
If you're feeling buzzed, you likely are over the 0.08 limit and should not drive.
Rather than risk an arrest, or even worse a crash, take mass transit, a taxicab or ask a sober friend to drive you home.
Save a life - don't let your friends drive drunk.
Some taverns and restaurants have programs to provide patrons with a safe ride home. Visit www.tlw.org.
Report impaired drivers to law enforcement or call 911.
Calorie Counter:
http://rethinkingdrinking.niaaa.nih.gov/ToolsResources/CalorieCalculator.asp
Cost Counter: http://rethinkingdrinking.niaaa.nih.gov/ToolsResources/AlcoholSpendingCalculator.asp
Why do people choose to drink?

Why do others choose not too?

What are the advantages & disadvantages?

What will you choose to do?
http://www.drugfreeworld.org/real-life-stories/alcohol.html
Video:
Why people drink...
Effect of nervous system: both depressant & stimulant
Out of curiosity
See it modeled by others
Part of normal developmental transitions, self-exploration
To relive stress, a way to escape problems
As a result of personality characteristics (aggressiveness, depression, thrill seeker, rebelliousness)
Culturally normalized (promoted by TV, ads)
Because they expect to have a good experience
Because it is accessible.
Why people choose not to drink...
Understand the facts & consequences
Don't want put themselves in that position
Full transcript