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Islam

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james thompson

on 27 February 2017

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Transcript of Islam

Islam
Learn the truth
What makes a terrorist?
Only Allah can give and take life
...except for a just cause'
(plenary)
So why does terrorism exist?
What is the greater responsibility for a Muslim?
Riddle: It exists amongst us all, it shapes our lives, it's unavoidable and thus people will die. Yet Mr T just wants to remove it so people can one day fly

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
The 5 pillars
Project - after every lesson you will need to add to this

extended project- look at the Palestinian flag and their struggle for equality
Lesson 3 Shahada
My favourite boxer
Now your turn!
Salah - Prayer
Sign up to go on school trip to the Mosque at Newcastle Uni
lesson 5
Zakat - Charity

Write on your Palestine sheet
Sawm
lesson 6- Hajj
Boys v Girls - who will get to Mecca first?
Enjoy!!
Do you love anything or anyone enough to do this?

In your books describe what 'Hajj' is
Lesson 7-Assessment
Homework

'Islam cannot integrate with the UK'

Do you agree, showing that you have thought about more than one point of view. Refer to religious teachings
Make notes in the back of your book of the journey Mo and Tommy shared
Which is the odd one out?
In pairs work out the answer giving reasons for your decision
Why do you think recital might be important?
Task

In your groups go through the order of events (5 mins)
This innocent father of 4 was killed by a rocket from Israel.

Moments before he died he did something, what was it?
http://quran.com/24/36-37
How is Zakat different from conventional 'charity'?
Ramadan (Sawm)

What is Ramadan?
What does Ramadan involve?
Why do they do it?
Could you follow Ramadan?
What would your response be if this was your family?
These Christians were beheaded by ISIS. Do you think these ISIS extremists are Muslim?
'One man's terrorist is another man's freedom fighter'
Sergey Nechayev
Who is this?
Islam

The origins
Get into groups of 4
Number yourselves 1-4
1- You can only listen to the video
2. You can only watch the video
3. You can only draw the video
4. You can watch and listen
1. Peer Assessment (purple pen) Look at mark scheme and stick in book. Make sure you give lots of feedback. Focus on how they can improve
3. DIT (green pen) 10 minutes (finish for homework)
Title-
Shahada
(write down below)
Task:
1. Draw and fill in 'your' diamond 9
2.In your books describe the reasons behind
your diamond 9
Date. (Title) Islam


On your posted note answer the following questions
(Stick in your book)
1. Was this a just cause?
2. Why did this happen?
3. Is he a Muslim?
4:30-10:30
He recited the Shahada and raised one finger to give thanks to one God (Allah)
look again
lesson 8 DIT
Inequality!
Lesson 2
Where did Islam come from?
You will have 15 minutes to write

'The Origins of Islam'
In the back of your books make notes on the Hajj
Question

Does a journey need a destination?

and if so, does it need a purpose?
In your groups plan your assessments- share your thoughts and then feedback to teacher for whole class discussion
Students to fill in student voice regarding unit on Islam.

What would they change? What went well?

Students to fill in on posted notes and to stick in their books

Fill in Evaluation form!
Remember to give lots of feedback
Start
Finish
Why might these be 'just causes' to take life?
The wealth of the 1% richest people in the world amounts to $110tn (£60.88tn), or 65 times as much as the poorest half of the world- Oxfam
Here's the prayer in all its glory!
Lesson 7 EBI/DIT
1. Read your partners assessment
2. Give feedback in Purple (look at the levels and give them examples/ideas)
3. In Green do your DIT, make sure you add as much detail as possible

https://www.truetube.co.uk/film/how-islam-began-ten-minutes

Click here!
Jihad: Holy War

Jihad (holy war): fighting for a religious cause or God. Muslims believe fighting is a duty (lesser jihad) if Islam or Muslims are under threat. There is a strict criteria. For example, a war must be:

fought for God
a last resort
conducted fairly
for the protection of civilians
for the restoration of peace
the war ends when the aim is met
A ‘greater jihad’ is the struggle within, so holy war is the ‘lesser jihad’. Despite Islamic terrorism and war in the Islamic world, jihad should rule out weapons of mass destruction in most cases as they kill many people; terrorism or any use of violence to create fear or which leads to the indiscriminate targeting of civilians is also unacceptable. War should also avoid promoting minority views. A genuine jihad will seek to avoid creating refugees. This is when people are forced to leave their homes and countries to find safety.
Jihad

The difficulty of justifying Jihad
Key words and concepts

Conflict: a state of discord or war.

War: a state of armed conflict between different nations or states or different groups within a nation or state.

Peace: an absence of conflict which leads to happiness and harmony.

Justice: bringing about what is right and fair according to the law or making up for what has been done wrong.

Sanctity of life: life is sacred because it is God-given.

Pacifism: the belief of people who refuse to take part in war and any form of violence.

Just War: a theory developed by Thomas Aquinas. It is a war that the Christian church defines as acceptable (see below for more details).

Jihad: Islamic holy war (see below for more details).
In your groups, put the story together via imovie storyboard

- best group wins form prize!
GCSE RE

Paper 2 (50%)
Religion, Peace and Conflict

Paper 3 (50%)
Religion, Philosophy and Social Justice
Islam

1. Muslim Beliefs
2. Crime and Punishment
3. Living the Muslim Life
4. Peace and Conflict
Islam

1. Muslim Beliefs
They have 6 fundamental beliefs
(What are they?)
Basic articles of faith

Muslims have six main beliefs. IMAN NOT IMAM

Belief in Allah as the one and only God (indivisible)
Belief in angels
Belief in the holy books
Belief in the Prophets...
e.g. Adam, Ibrahim (Abraham), Musa (Moses), Dawud (David), Isa (Jesus).
Muhammad (peace be upon him) is the final prophet.
Belief in the Day of Judgement...
The day when the life of every human being will be assessed to decide whether they go to heaven or hell.
Belief in Predestination...
That Allah has the knowledge of all that will happen.
(Most) Muslims believe that this doesn't stop human beings making free choices (Twelvers reject predestination)
Read Surah 13:11
For each one are successive [angels] before and behind him who protect him by the decree of Allah . Indeed, Allah will not change the condition of a people until they change what is in themselves. And when Allah intends for a people ill, there is no repelling it. And there is not for them besides Him any patron
6/10 are True, but which are they?
Belief in....
1. Belief in Angels
2. Belief in the dead coming back alive
3. Belief in Allah as the one and only God
4. Belief in the holy books
5. Judgement day will happen when we die
6. That Allah has a pre-planned life for all of us
7. Allah is a man
8. Muslims are allowed one act of sin
9. Muslims believe that everyone should be a muslim
10. Muslims believe that a Muhammad will return one day to judge every man
Qur'an 112-1-4


1. Say: “He is Allah, the Unique.”

2. “Allah, the Self-Sufficient.”

3. “He does not give birth, nor was He born.”

4. “And there is none equal to Him.”
Description
The book is divided into 3 parts:

1 - The Basis of Faith
Ibn Taymiyyah discusses the 6 aspects of Muslim faith in detail with references from the Quran and the Hadith of Muhammad. He divides the basis of faith into Faith in Allah, Faith in the Angels, Faith in the Prophets and the Messengers, Faith in the Divine Scripture, Faith in the Day of Resurrection, and Faith in Divine Preordainment.

2 - The Reality of Iman
Ibn Taymiyyah discusses what increases and decreases an individual's faith in the 6 things he discussed in part 1.

3 - What Iman Invalidates
Ibn Taymiyyah here differentiates between one with faith and one without, along with the types of denial of the faith
The Book of Faith/beliefs (Arabic: Kitab al Iman)
is a book on the Islamic articles of faith written by the 13th century Sunni Islamic scholar Ibn Taymiyyah.
Say: “He is Allah, the Unique.” This verse represents Allah’s own affirmation of His unique Monotheism, His inimitable Oneness. Thus, the first verse is a command to the Prophet, may the mercy and blessings of God be upon him, and whoever reads or recites this verse to affirm Allah’s Unique Oneness. He is one like whom there is no other. There are many unities in this world, but they all are not unique as each unity has others similar to them. For example, there is one Mount Everest, but there are other tall mountains similar to it. In the case of Allah, there is no other unity similar to Him. All other unities can be divided into parts, while Allah is unique in His Oneness and is as such indivisible.

(2) Allah, the Self-Sufficient. Allah’s uniqueness is realized in His self-sufficiency. On the other hand, all created beings have ne eds and are dependent on others to fulfill their needs. Allah is not in need of any of His creation in any way, as nothing they can do can better or benefit His already perfect state. This attribute of self-sufficiency invites the believers to reflect on the purpose and the goals of their worship. Most people worship as if they are doing God a favor. The purpose of human creation is to worship Allah because all human beings have a need to worship Him. He has no need for or from them. Human beings need to worship and glorify God because obedience to divine law is the key to their success in both this life and the next.

(3) “He does not give birth, nor was He born.” This verse describes another aspect of Allah’s Unique Oneness. False religions generally represent God in human terms by either giving Him human characteristics and or human form. This verse deals primarily with two distinct characteristics of human beings and other living creatures in general: coming into existence by being born and procreating by giving birth. “He (Allah) does not give birth,” because there is nothing similar to him. A child is made from portions (sperm and ovum) of the bodies of its parents which is why it is similar to its parents in form and characteristics. If God gave birth, there would be another god like Him, which His uniqueness has already negated. The Almighty also rejected the concept of having a child from the perspective that bearing offspring usually requires a female partner similar in form to the male. Allah also rejected offspring from the general perspective that it is not befitting, since to have a child would reduce him to the status of His creatures. This answers the question of those who claim that since it is agreed that God can do anything, He should be able to have a son if He wished. It is not befitting because it would make God like His creatures. Furthermore people have children out of a need for help to survive in this material world or out of the need for continued existence through one’s progeny.[1] By describing Himself as self-sufficient, Allah also negated this possibility.

“Nor was He born” subtly rejects the notion that Jesus was God, because he was born. For God to be born, He must first have not existed, which contradicts the basic unique divine attribute of eternal existence.

(4) “And there is nothing equal to Him.” Allah closes the chapter with a restatement of the opening verse. If God is unique, nothing can be equal to Him. If nothing is equal to Him, then He alone is unique. If He alone is Self-Sufficient and all creation is in need of Him, nothing in creation can be equal to Him. If He does not bear offspring, nor did anyone or anything give birth to Him, nothing or no one can be equal to Him as every created being came into existence after a period of non-existence. Every created being has something similar to it, called its pair, or something resembling it, called its equal. If the Creator were from one or other of these species He would have an equal and a similitude.

Thus, this chapter contains the genealogy and description of God, the Most Merciful. It was revealed by Allah to refute beliefs attributed to Him by misguided people concerning His similitude, form, origin and offspring. For example, those who paint pictures or make statues of Allah are claiming similitude, those who worship others besides Him claim similitude, and those who attribute some parts of His creation to others besides Him claim similitude. However, nothing is similar to Him in His Attributes, His Dominion or His Divinity. Therefore, only He alone deserves to be worshipped by His creatures
Sunni vs Shi'a

Members of the two sects have co-existed for centuries and share many fundamental beliefs and practices. But they differ in doctrine, ritual, law, theology and religious organisation
Sunnis regard themselves as the orthodox branch of Islam.
The name "Sunni" is derived from the phrase "Ahl al-Sunnah", or "People of the Tradition". The tradition in this case refers to practices based on what the Prophet Muhammad said, did, agreed to or condemned
Hassan is believed to have been poisoned in 680 by Muawiyah, the first caliph of the Sunni Umayyad dynasty, while Hussein was killed on the battlefield by the Umayyads in 681. These events gave rise to the Shia concept of martyrdom and the rituals of grieving.
In early Islamic history, the Shia were a movement - literally "Shiat Ali" or the "Party of Ali". They claimed that Ali was the rightful successor to the Prophet Muhammad as leader (imam) of the Muslim community following his death in 632.
Ali was assassinated in 661 after a five-year caliphate that was marred by civil war. His sons, Hassan and Hussein, were denied what they thought was their legitimate right of accession to the caliphate.
What caused the original divide?

Prophet Muhammad died in 632, and his followers could not agree on whether to choose bloodline successors or leaders most likely to follow

The group now known as Sunnis chose Abu Bakr, the prophet’s adviser, to become the first successor, or caliph, to lead the Muslim state.


Shiites favored Ali, Muhammad’s cousin and son-in-law. Ali and his successors are called imams, who not only lead the Shiites but are considered to be descendants of Muhammad. After the 11th imam died in 874, and his young son was said to have disappeared from the funeral, Shiites in particular came to see the child as a Messiah who had been hidden from the public by God.

The largest sect of Shiites, known as “twelvers,” have been preparing for his return ever since.

How did the violence start?

In 656, Ali’s supporters killed the third caliph. Soon after, the Sunnis killed Ali’s son Husain.

Fighting continued but Sunnis emerged victorious over the Shiites and came to revere the caliphate for its strength
The 5 Principles of Islam (Usul Ad-Din)

Usul Al Din
are the five Principles or roots of Islam (Shia only). Shia Muslim must follow these 5 roots of Islam.

1.Follow
Tawhīd
(Oneness) is the Islamic concept of monotheism. Allah is one and there is no god but Allah!

2. Follow
Adl
(Justice): The Justice of god. Allah is fair and treats everyone the same

3. Follow
Nubuwwah
(Prophethood): means and denotes that God has appointed Prophets and Messengers to teach and guide mankind God's message.

4. Follow I
mamah
(Leadership): Allah (Only Shia believe this, majority of Muslims, Sunnis believe that nobody is sinless except prophets and no hierarchy in Islam, no institution like Imams) has sent down 12 Imams after the last messenger, Prophet Mohammad, to help teach and guide us the religion of Islam.Shi'a Muslims believe in Twelve Imams, eleven of whom were killed, but they believe their twelfth Imam is still alive. They believe he will be coming before the day of Judgement. Along with his side the Prophet Jesus will be with him.

5.
Qayamat
-literally: "Day of the Resurrection" (Qur'an 71.18), also known as "the Hour (Qur'an 31.34, 74.47)", "Day of the Account", (Qur'an 72.130 "Day of the Gathering", "Day of the Reckoning", "Day of Distress", (Qur'an 74.9) and the "Great Announcement") is the Arabic name for the Last Judgement. Belief in Qiyâmah is part of Aqidah (statement of faith).

After the annihilation of this world, God will raise mankind for Judgement. The trials and tribulations of Qiyâmah are detailed in both the Qur'an and the Hadith. Every human, Muslim and non-Muslim alike, is held accountable for his or her deeds and are judged by God accordingly (Qur'an 74.38).
Crime and Punishment
Justice

The Qur'an says: "We sent aforetime our messengers with clear Signs and sent down with them the Book and the Balance, that men may stand forth in Justice." [Quran 57:25].
The sole purpose of sending the prophets was to establish Justice in the world and end injustice
"O ye who believe! Stand out firmly for justice, as witnesses to Allah, even as against yourselves, or your parents, or your kin, and whether it be (against) rich or poor: for Allah can best protect both. Follow not the lusts (of your hearts), lest ye swerve, and if ye distort (justice) or decline to do justice, verily Allah is well-acquainted with all that ye do." [Quran 4:135]
"O ye who believe! Stand out firmly for Allah, as witnesses to fair dealing, and let not the hatred of others to you make you swerve to wrong and depart from justice. Be just: that is next to Piety: and fear Allah. For Allah is well-acquainted with all that ye do." [Quran 5:8]
Jahiliyyah

is an Islamic concept of "ignorance of divine guidance" or "the state of ignorance of the guidance from God" or "Days of Ignorance" referring to the barbaric condition in which Arabs found themselves in pre-Islamic Arabia
1400 years ago these Islamic justice created a society where
rich and poor, friend and foe, Muslim and non-Muslim, the ruler and the ruled, were all treated equally and all of them could count on receiving justice.
The qazis (judges) were independent and no one, including the khalifah was above the law. If a dispute arose between the Khalifah and an ordinary person, both had to appear in court and provide their evidence.
One example from recent history may suffice here. During the British Rule in India,








once a dispute arose between Hindus and Muslims over a piece of land. Hindus claimed it belonged to a temple while Muslims claimed it to be mosque. Emotions were high on both sides and the possibility of a riot was real. The English judge could not find any means of finding the truth. It was one group's words against the other's. Finally the Judge asked both groups if they could trust the testimony of any person. They could. It was a particular Muslim imam (religious leader) who was known for his piety. The person was requested to come to the court as a witness in a very charged atmosphere, with the entire community urging him to help them win the case through his testimony. His testimony was brief. "The Hindus are right," he said. "The Muslim case is baseless." He had not betrayed the community. He had once more affirmed its unflinching commitment to truth and justice above all else
'Our conscience is God'

(Theist / Atheist Perspective?)
Starter - Look up
Surah 16: 90-92

What is the message in these verses?
Indeed, Allah orders justice and good conduct and giving to relatives and forbids immorality and bad conduct and oppression. He admonishes you that perhaps you will be reminded.

And fulfill the covenant of Allah when you have taken it, [O believers], and do not break oaths after their confirmation while you have made Allah , over you, a witness. Indeed, Allah knows what you do.

And do not be like she who untwisted her spun thread after it was strong [by] taking your oaths as [means of] deceit between you because one community is more plentiful [in number or wealth] than another community. Allah only tries you thereby. And He will surely make clear to you on the Day of Resurrection that over which you used to differ
Day of Judgement
http://quran.com/16/90
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/qasim-rashid/shariah-law-the-five-things-every-non-muslim_b_1068569.html
Shariah Law
Surah 76

1. Find and read the chapter (Yes- all of it!)
2. Find versus for each of the following


Nature of good actions How are they rewarded The nature of evil actions;










The Exam board are very specific about this section- so please make sure you have a minimum of 3 verses for each - then learn it!
Speech against islam

Nature of Allah
immanence, transcendence, omnipotence, beneficence, mercy, fairness and
justice, Adalat in Shi’a Islam
"O ye who believe! the law of equality is prescribed to you in cases of murder: the free for the free, the slave for the slave, the woman for the woman. But if any remission is made by the brother of the slain, then grant any reasonable demand, and compensate him with handsome gratitude, this is a concession and a Mercy from your Lord. After this whoever exceeds the limits shall be in grave penalty."
(Quran 2:178)
Find Surah 2:178
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https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2016/sep/20/ahmad-khan-rahami-father-fbi-terrorism-bombing
Both her children were murdered.

Sharia Law allows the victims family to stop the execution (or) to carry out the sentence themselves (Qisas)

As a Muslim, should she carry out the execution?
Surah 16:90-92

Indeed, Allah orders justice and good conduct and giving to relatives and forbids immorality and bad conduct and oppression. He admonishes you that perhaps you will be reminded

And fulfill the covenant of Allah when you have taken it, [O believers], and do not break oaths after their confirmation while you have made Allah , over you, a witness. Indeed, Allah knows what you do.

And do not be like she who untwisted her spun thread after it was strong [by] taking your oaths as [means of] deceit between you because one community is more plentiful [in number or wealth] than another community. Allah only tries you thereby. And He will surely make clear to you on the Day of Resurrection that over which you used to differ.
http://www.mosaicnetwork.co.uk/schools-prisons/prisons/

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-32194671

http://mca-hmps.co.uk/
What does Islam teach about good and evil?
Islam teaches:

Everyone is born with a natural instinct to understand the difference between right and wrong (fitrah). They also have free will, and they must choose between right (the guidance of Allah) and wrong (following the temptations of Shaytan, the devil).
Allah created angels (mala’ikah) from divine light (nur). From fire he made other spirits called Jinn. He then made the first human, Adam, from clay.
Allah ordered all the angels and Jinn to bow down to Adam. Iblis, one of the Jinn, refused. ""'O Iblis! What is your reason for not being among those who prostrated themselves?’ (Iblis) said: 'I am not one to prostrate myself to man, whom Thou didst create from sounding clay, from mud moulded into shape.' (Allah) said, 'Then get thee out from here; for thou are rejected, accursed. And the curse shall be on thee till the Day of Judgement.'""
Iblis, who is sometimes called Shaytan, said that forever he would try to tempt humans to chose wrong rather than right.
Although Iblis is allowed to test a Muslim’s faith he is not equal to Allah and he cannot hurt people unless Allah allows him to: ""Shaytan cannot harm them in the least, except as Allah permits; and on Allah let the believers put their trust.""
Muhammad warned Muslims: ""Beware of Shaytan, he is desperate to divert you from the worship of Allah, so beware of him in matters of religion""
For Muslims life is a period of testing and temptations. People have to find their own solutions to these problems. Allah has said that he will forgive anyone who sincerely repents, as he forgave Adam and Hawwa (Eve) when they were tempted by Shaytan and ate the forbidden fruit in Al-Jannah (paradise):

If, as is sure, there comes to you guidance from Me, whosoever follows My guidance, on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.

Surah 2:38

Muslims are required to follow Allah’s example of justice, mercy and forgiveness in their treatment of other people:

Hold to forgiveness; command what is right; but turn away from the ignorant.

Surah 7:199
Surah 2:178

O you who have believed, prescribed for you is legal retribution for those murdered - the free for the free, the slave for the slave, and the female for the female. But whoever overlooks from his brother anything, then there should be a suitable follow-up and payment to him with good conduct. This is an alleviation from your Lord and a mercy. But whoever transgresses after that will have a painful punishment.
Muslim attitudes
towards each of the aims of punishment
(protection, retribution, deterrence and
reformation);

Surah 4:26
–32
Allah wants to make clear to you [the lawful from the unlawful] and guide you to the [good] practices of those before you and to accept your repentance. And Allah is Knowing and Wise.

Allah wants to accept your repentance, but those who follow [their] passions want you to digress [into] a great deviation

And Allah wants to lighten for you [your difficulties]; and mankind was created weak.

O you who have believed, do not consume one another's wealth unjustly but only [in lawful] business by mutual consent. And do not kill yourselves [or one another]. Indeed, Allah is to you ever Merciful.


And whoever does that in aggression and injustice - then We will drive him into a Fire. And that, for Allah , is [always] easy.

If you avoid the major sins which you are forbidden, We will remove from you your lesser sins and admit you to a noble entrance [into Paradise].

And do not wish for that by which Allah has made some of you exceed others. For men is a share of what they have earned, and for women is a share of what they have earned. And ask Allah of his bounty. Indeed Allah is ever, of all things, Knowing



Surah 64:14
O you who have believed, indeed, among your wives and your children are enemies to you, so beware of them. But if you pardon and overlook and forgive - then indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful
surah 5: 44–46

Indeed, We sent down the Torah, in which was guidance and light. The prophets who submitted [to Allah ] judged by it for the Jews, as did the rabbis and scholars by that with which they were entrusted of the Scripture of Allah , and they were witnesses thereto. So do not fear the people but fear Me, and do not exchange My verses for a small price. And whoever does not judge by what Allah has revealed - then it is those who are the disbelievers.

And We ordained for them therein a life for a life, an eye for an eye, a nose for a nose, an ear for an ear, a tooth for a tooth, and for wounds is legal retribution. But whoever gives [up his right as] charity, it is an expiation for him. And whoever does not judge by what Allah has revealed - then it is those who are the wrongdoers.

And We sent, following in their footsteps, Jesus, the son of Mary, confirming that which came before him in the Torah; and We gave him the Gospel, in which was guidance and light and confirming that which preceded it of the Torah as guidance and instruction for the righteous
Hadith 16:4152

'Abdullah (b. Mas'ud) reported Allah's Messenger (Peace be upon him) as saying: It is not permissible to take the life of a Muslim who bears testimony (to the fact that there is no god but Allah, and I am the Messenger of Allah, but in one of the three cases: the married adulterer, a life for life, and the deserter of his Din (Islam), abandoning the community.
Living the Muslim life

The believing men and believing women are allies of one another. They enjoin what is right and forbid what is wrong and establish prayer and give zakah and obey Allah and His Messenger. Those - Allah will have mercy upon them. Indeed, Allah is Exalted in Might and Wise

Allah has promised the believing men and believing women gardens beneath which rivers flow, wherein they abide eternally, and pleasant dwellings in gardens of perpetual residence; but approval from Allah is greater. It is that which is the great attainment.

O Prophet, fight against the disbelievers and the hypocrites and be harsh upon them. And their refuge is Hell, and wretched is the destination.
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