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Alexis Fenn

on 14 December 2012

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Transcript of 1984

Big Brother is watching you Narrative Level Winston Julia Charrington General Plot Conflicts Resolution Contextual Level Background and Beliefs of Orwell Background of 1984 Structural Level Narrator Main Character Minor characters Repetition of Development/Events Rhetorical Level Mood/Setting Tone Diction Compare/Contrast Irony Overall Effect Meanings of Symbols How symbols contribute to theme Closure O'Brien Other Orwell Novels Bellwork 1. What do you believe are the functions and powers of an ideal government?

2. What makes something true? What makes something false?

3. Why is the past important? symbolic level characters Eric Arthur Blair

British political author; addressed concepts of war, freedom, and government

self-proclaimed socialist
critic of communism

believed that for a society to thrive and advance, the authority must first value the individual
believed that "modern man was inadequate to cope with the demands of his history" (Signet Classic author description) written in 1949, following conclusion of WWII and beginning of Cold War

Soviet Union under Joseph Stalin
Big Brother: Joseph Stalin
Emmanuel Goldstein: Leon Trotsky
"Two Mintues' Hate": habitual denouncement of enemies

United Kingdom
poor economy in 1948
wartime allies becoming peacetime foes (USSR)
Oceania: naval power
novel's fighting occurs in defense of India ("Jewel in the Crown" of British Empire)
O'Brien: old British ruling class

Nazi Party
rule of Party (Charles' George Orwell Links)
"Animal Farm"
allegory reflecting the events leading to Stalin era and Russian Revolution
similarly denounces totalitarianism Not an actual character of the story Places the Party in a negative light by telling the story from Winston's perspective Narrator could arguably be George Orwell himself considering his lack of trust in the government (Bennet) The main character is Winston Smith Set in a dystopian society
The world is separated into 3 superstates:Oceania, Eurasia, and Eastasia
Superstates have been at war as long as anyone can remember
Totalitarian government
Airstrip One is divided into three social groups: Inner Party, Outer Party, and Proles Winston Smith vs. government control

the media's fabrication of current events

the loss of the past The government is too powerful

Nothing can be done if it not the Party's wish

Winston looses opposition and becomes brainwashed like all other citizens He's the "last" man in Europe (Charles' George Orwell Links) Party members' likenesses to animals/robots

Paperweight bought in Charrington's antique shop His purpose is to discover the truth behind freedoms we take for granted Both he and the reader are manipulated by false ideas English Nursery Rhyme Paperweight= reminder of the beauty and creativity of the past The reader feels hope and despair with Winston Animals/Robots= Party's indifference to it's members; description of the members of a controlled population Nursery Rhyme= a forgotten culture, last line eludes to Winston being the "last man in Europe" disappearance and vaporization references to Brotherhood and Goldstein telescreens and the Thought Police
idea of betrayal
control and human instinct
inevitable future of a rebel Julia

Winston's girlfriend
young, rash, and breaks the rules more or less because she can
gives Winston, as well as the reader, hope
about fifteen years younger than Winston pessimistic

"Always in your stomach and in your skin there was a sort of protest, a feeling that you had been cheated out of something you had a right to." (Orwell, 59)

"...one's heart sickened at the discomfort and dirt and scarcity, the interminable winters, the stickiness of one's socks, the life that never worked, the cold water, the gritty soap, the cigarettes that came to pieces, the food with its strange evil tastes..." (Orwell, 60) didactic and cautionary
satiric (at times) neutral/formal word choice and sentence structure
creates a false sense of normalcy; conveys ironic tone

differing dialects between Party members and proles
Party jargon (ex. newspeak, doublethink, memory holes) Big Brother, Party vs. Emmanuel Goldstein, Brotherhood, rebellious individuals

Inner Party members vs. Outer Party members

Party members vs. proles

life of present vs. life of past Party Ministries
Ministry of Truth:alteration of history
Ministry of Peace: warfare
Ministry of Love: imprisonment, torture
Ministry of Plenty: poverty, starvation

Party Slogans
"War is Peace"
"Freedom is Slavery"
"Ignorance is Strength"


support of Party

unspoken, implied law

"Victory Mansions"
"Victory" gin and cigarettes illustrates the negative effects of oppression (loss of sanity, identity, humanity)

reader feels frustration and desperation of those oppressed by the Party; imagines such a loss of freedom in his or her own life

creates a meaningful, cautionary plot/conclusion O'Brien gives Winston and the reader hope for a better future reveals that the truth can be manipulated into anything https://docs.google.com/a/student.guhsdaz.org/document/d/1q5rYMCY8iEBZSDYJH6E09hyoT5PzHvb333W7NwRX5fI/edit Works Cited Inner Party member
key figure behind Winston's interrogation and torture Charrington assumes the identity of an owner of an antique shop
member of the Thought Police
rents a room to Winston and Julia
provides Winston and Julia with hope
example of complete manipulation Third person limited Timeline of Events Winston writes
in journal work as usual Winston meets Charrington
while wandering through Proletarian town Winston receives scrap
of paper from Julia Winston and Julia
find ways to secretly meet Winston rents
Charrington's room Winston and Julia stay above the shop buy goods on the black market and fantasize about how to defeat Big Brother O'Brien appears to be an ally to Winston Winston and Julia go to O'Brien's home and learn of the underground society called the Brotherhood Winston receives and reads the book written by the Brotherhood's front man Goldstien Charrington uncovers his secret identity and the two are arrested Winston is taken to the Ministry of Love and tortured for several months until he gives up and gives himself over to the Party Winston and Julia meet once more and share that they have lost all feeling for one another
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