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John Dalton

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Reema Shahin

on 16 September 2012

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Transcript of John Dalton

John Dalton Reema Shahin He was a chemist and a physicist. John Dalton was born on September 6, 1766 in Eaglesfield, Cumberland, England in a small cottage. He died from stroke on July 27, 1844 in Manchester England. He is now buried in Ardwick Cemetery, Ardwick, Lancashire, England His religion was Quaker. He got his early education from his dad and from one of his teachers, John Fletcher. His dad was a poor weaver. John had a sister called Mary and a brother called Jonathan. John was interested in math and wanted to study law and medicine, but he didn't get much encouragement. John wasn't very successful; he only got five shillings a week and he quit school to begin farm work. He became a math and chemistry teacher in Manchester and a public lecturer. He wrote many books and diaries about education and his work. He became a secretary of the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society in 1800. In 1803, Dalton wrote a book called 'Atomic Theory'. It was based on the mass of atoms. It said that: Every element is made of atoms that are indivisible chemically and physically. All of the atoms that make the same element are identical; they even have the same mass. All of the atoms that make a different element are not the same and they have masses that are not equal. An atom that makes up an element can't be chemically changed into a different type of atom that makes up a different element. When different types of atoms join in a specific way, compounds are created. There are three various kinds of atoms and they are simple, compound, and complex atoms. Dalton's model of an atom Dalton disproved Newton's theory. Only 1 in 200 people were able to read in Dalton's time. Fun facts Dalton was extremely interested in meteorology for the longest part of his life, as he was inspired by a blind, wealthy man from Kendal called John Gough . He published daily Meteorology Observations, which were like weather observations, for 57 years. His obsession with meteorology took him to his view of gases of the air and their components. Colorblindness is sometimes called 'Daltonism' John discovered colorblindness. He was color blind and so was his brother. 40,000 people went to John's funeral. After Dalton tried to begin a school in Eagesfield, but failed, he teamed up with his brother and created another school in 1785 in Kendal. It taught many different subjects including over 20 science and math courses and a few languages. The school became very popular, but unfortunately, it didn't last. The first two books John wrote were dedicated to John Gough. This was how Dalton represented some elements. Bibliography "BibMe: Fast & Easy Bibliography Maker - MLA, APA, Chicago, Turabian - Free." BibMe: Fast & Easy Bibliography Maker - MLA, APA, Chicago, Turabian - Free. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Sept. 2012. <http://www.bibme.org/>. "Dalton's Atomic Theory." Clackamas Community College Distance Learning. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Sept. 2012. <http://dl.clackamas.edu/ch104-04/dalton's.htm>. "Dalton, John (1766-1844) -- from Eric Weisstein's World of Scientific Biography." ScienceWorld. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Sept. 2012. <http://scienceworld.wolfram.com/biograph "History of Chemistry." Brooklyn College | Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Sept. 2012. <http://www.brooklyn.cuny.edu/bc/ahp/FonF "John Dalton." The History of the Atom. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Sept. 2012. <http://the-history-of-the-atom.wikispaces.com/John+Dalton>. "John Dalton Biography John Dalton Biography - Facts, Birthday, Life Story - Biography.com ." Bio true story Famous Biographies & TV Shows - Biography.com . N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Sept. 2012. <http://www.biography.com/people/john-dalton-9265201>. That led him to his interest in atoms and chemistry, which brought him to the atomic theory. Dalton was the first person that made a table of comparative atomic weights. The world's first eraser was invented when Dalton was only four years old. "John Dalton (1766-1844)." Create a Website | Tripod Web Hosting . N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Sept. 2012. <http://tpollock.tripod.com/johndalton.html A chemical reaction occurs when atoms are rearranged. Dalton's theory made him very famous. It became the ideal basis of chemistry. "Dalton's atomic theory." Indiana University Northwest . N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Sept. 2012. <http://www.iun.edu/~cpanhd/C101webnotes "Google Images." Google Images. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Sept. 2012. <http://images.google.com/>. hanks or atching "Prezi - The Zooming Presentation Editor." Prezi - The Zooming Presentation Editor. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Sept. 2012. <http://www.prezi.com>. (also the science textbook)
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