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Understanding Maps

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by

Belinda Rubio

on 29 September 2016

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Transcript of Understanding Maps

Types of Maps
Steps to understanding a map
Each map is a diagram of a larger area. It shows where things are located. Each map has certain features you should be familiar with.
Map Projections
Maps show four things; Direction, distance, Shape, & Size.
What is directions
Types of Maps
There is almost no limit to the kind of information that can be shown on a map. For this reason, there are many types of maps.
"The Language of Geography
Objective:
Social Studies Skills 21 (C) TLW;
Create and interpret different maps to answer geographic questions.
In this lesson you will learn to speak the language of geography. You will explore how to read maps and interpret map symbols.
Important Idea:
Different types of maps are used to show a variety of different information
Key Terms
To identify
1.
Maps
=is a flat, two dimensional representation of space.
2.
Legend
=list the symbols used on the map.
3.
Compass Rose
=shows where the four basic directions are found on the map
4.
Scale
=Measures distance on a map
5.
Thematic Map
=show information relating to a specific theme.
6.
Latitude
=are imaginary horizontal lines that run parallel across the earth
7.
Longitude=
are imaginary lines that run up & down the earth.
8.
Equator
=stretches around the middle of the earth.
9.
Prime Meridian
=divides earth into 2 hemispheres
Title
Legend/key
Compass Rose
Scale
Physical Map
Show the major physical features of an area
Political Map
show the major boundaries between countries or states
Special Purpose Map
Thematic Map
Show information relating to a specific theme
Only a globe can show all four with accuracy at the same time.
A map may show direction well but, the shape of landmasses may be quite inaccurate.
Map projection

3 basic categories
Is a way of showing the rounded earth on a flat piece of paper
1. Cylindrical
2. Planar
3. Conic
Cylindrical Projection
Shows how the earth would look if a piece of paper were wraped to form a tube or cylinder around the globe.
Mercator Maps
Planar Projection
Projecting the globe onto a plane that is touching the globe at one point.
Latitude & Longitude
Conic Projection
Placing a cone over part of a globe.
Winkel Tripel Projection
describes the information it presents
list the symbols
used on the map
Shows where the the four basic directions are found on the map.
measures distance on a map
Latitude
=imaginary horizontal lines that run east to west across the earth. Also, called parallels
Equator
= 0 degrees. divides the earth
into two equal parts.Creates
both north/south hemisphere
Prime Meridian
=starting point for measuring longitude. Divides the world into East/West Hemispehre
Longitude=
are imaginary
lines that run north & south
7 continents of the world & 5 major oceans
Monte Alto
La Villa
Progreso
Edinburg
Which is the odd one out?
Map Projection
a way of showing the rounded earth on a flat piece of paper
Which is the odd one out?
Mantle
one of the 3 main layers of the earth, the mantle consists of hot dense semisolid rock and about 2,900 kilometers thick.
Direction
Direction is one of the most
important things we can learn
from a map.
You use directions every day
But these directions depend on where you are and which way you are facing
Cardinal
Directions
Intermediate
Directions
Hemisphere
= half of the earth
Full transcript