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Transcript of Understanding Maps
Steps to understanding a map
Each map is a diagram of a larger area. It shows where things are located. Each map has certain features you should be familiar with.
Maps show four things; Direction, distance, Shape, & Size.
What is directions
Types of Maps
There is almost no limit to the kind of information that can be shown on a map. For this reason, there are many types of maps.
"The Language of Geography
Social Studies Skills 21 (C) TLW;
Create and interpret different maps to answer geographic questions.
In this lesson you will learn to speak the language of geography. You will explore how to read maps and interpret map symbols.
Different types of maps are used to show a variety of different information
=is a flat, two dimensional representation of space.
=list the symbols used on the map.
=shows where the four basic directions are found on the map
=Measures distance on a map
=show information relating to a specific theme.
=are imaginary horizontal lines that run parallel across the earth
are imaginary lines that run up & down the earth.
=stretches around the middle of the earth.
=divides earth into 2 hemispheres
Show the major physical features of an area
show the major boundaries between countries or states
Special Purpose Map
Show information relating to a specific theme
Only a globe can show all four with accuracy at the same time.
A map may show direction well but, the shape of landmasses may be quite inaccurate.
3 basic categories
Is a way of showing the rounded earth on a flat piece of paper
Shows how the earth would look if a piece of paper were wraped to form a tube or cylinder around the globe.
Projecting the globe onto a plane that is touching the globe at one point.
Latitude & Longitude
Placing a cone over part of a globe.
Winkel Tripel Projection
describes the information it presents
list the symbols
used on the map
Shows where the the four basic directions are found on the map.
measures distance on a map
=imaginary horizontal lines that run east to west across the earth. Also, called parallels
= 0 degrees. divides the earth
into two equal parts.Creates
both north/south hemisphere
=starting point for measuring longitude. Divides the world into East/West Hemispehre
lines that run north & south
7 continents of the world & 5 major oceans
Which is the odd one out?
a way of showing the rounded earth on a flat piece of paper
Which is the odd one out?
one of the 3 main layers of the earth, the mantle consists of hot dense semisolid rock and about 2,900 kilometers thick.
Direction is one of the most
important things we can learn
from a map.
You use directions every day
But these directions depend on where you are and which way you are facing
= half of the earth