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Figurative Language 6.1.2

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by

Jean Sienkowski

on 6 August 2013

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Transcript of Figurative Language 6.1.2

Figurative Language 6.1.2
What is figurative language?
Writers use figurative language to make ideas more vivid. Rich, colorful language helps create
mental images so that readers can more fully understand and appreciate a writer's words.
What are some examples of figurative language?
similes
metaphors
personification
analogies
sensory language
What is a simile?
A simile compares two unlike things by using the words like or as.
Figurative Language allows the reader to connect with the writing.
Simile
The snow floated gently
like a feather

in the wind
.
The simile
like a feather in the wind
helps you picture how the snow falls. The snow is not
coming down fast and hard. It is drifting down lightly.
What is a metaphor?
A metaphor compares two unlike things by saying that one thing is another. A metaphor does
NOT use the words like or as.
Metaphor
The mind
is a river
that flows with memories of the past.

Notice that the writer does NOT use the words like or as. The comparison between the
mind and the river is made by stating that one is the other.
What is personification?
When writers give human qualities to nonhuman beings, ideas, or objects, they are using a kind of figurative language called personification.
Personification
The
fire danced
a jig, its brightly costumed partners moving quickly among the logs.

We would not usually use the verb dance to refer to something that is not human. And we
would not usually say that a fire has partners. The writer uses these words, however, to create a
mental picture.
What is imagery
(or sensory language)?
It helps readers imagine how something looks, smells, sounds, tastes, or feels.
Imagery
The
brittle, yellowed paper crumbled
as I
unfolded
it.
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