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Ancient Chinese Health Care

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Kodie Brandon

on 1 March 2012

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Transcript of Ancient Chinese Health Care

Ancient Chinese Health Care Ancient Chinese Medicine
This Era was located in China through the times of 1700B.C.-200B.C. About Their Healthare Monitored pulse to determine condition of the body.
Used acupuncture to relieve pain and congestion.
Used therapies such as massage, art therapy, and herbal treatment, which are still used today.
Religious prohibitions against dissection.
Began the search for medical reasons for illness.
Recorded a pharmacopeia of medications based mainly on the use of herbs.
Average life span: 20-30 years.
Beliefs. The Chinese believe in yin and yang. Yin, the active, light, dry, positive, warm and masculine part. And Yang, the passive, dark, cold, moist, negative yang. The ultimate principle of the universe was the tao, “the way”, and it determine the proper proportions of yin and yang in everything.
Anything that altered the relation of yin and yang was considered bad.
Discoveries and Accoplishments They carefully monitored the pulse to determine the condition of the body.
Recorded a pharmacopoeia of medications based mainly on the use of herbs.
Used acupucture, or puncture of the skin by needles, to relieve pain and conjestion.
Also used moxibustion, a powdered subsatance was placed on the skin and then burned to cause a blister, to treat disease.
Began the search for medical reasons for illness.
Discovered that diet and and cleanliness could prevent disease. People Who Contributed Shen Nung, the Red Emperor (Hung Ti), compiled the first medical herbal, the Pen-tsao (c. 2800 B.C.), in which he reported the effects of 365 drugs, all of them personally tested.
Shen Nung is also said to have drawn up the first charts on acupuncture, a medical procedure presumably even older than the legendary emperors.
. In the Han dynasty (206 B.C.-A.D. 220), there was a noted clinical author named Tsang Kung, who pioneered in the description of many diseases, including cancer of the stomach, aneurysm, and rheumatism
. Chang Chung-ching, the Chinese Hippocrates, in the third century A.D., wrote the classic treatise Typhoid and Other Fevers.
HeAlTh CaRe WoRkErS In the Institutions of Chou, compiled hundreds of years before Christ, the hierarchy of physicians in the kingdom was delineated.
The five categories were: chief physician (who collected drugs, examined other physicians, and assigned them); food physicians (who prescribed six kinds of food and drink); physicians for simple diseases (such as headaches, colds, minor wounds); ulcer physicians (who may have been the surgeons); and physicians for animals (evidently veterinarians).
Physicians were also rated according to their results, and as early as the Chou and T'ang dynasties each doctor had to report both successes and failures—to control his movement up or down in the ranks.
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