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UNIT 12: Current Issues in Sport
Transcript of UNIT 12: Current Issues in Sport
UNIT 12: Current Issues in Sport
Occasional, due to limited time and energy
Simple in nature and orally passed down through generations
Affected by prohibitions if considered unnecessary to the society by the ruling class
Functional first, particularly for hunting and defence
Participated in during feasts and festivals as outlets for pursuits
Mainly local in nature due to lack of mobility and frequent wars
England changed rapidly during this era; religious disputes of how the church should be run focused around the old Catholic ways and a 'purer' type of service - The Puritans.
Henry VIII = greater prosperity.
England was growing richer during the reign of Queen Elizabeth.
Traditional pastimes continued to develop.
People live din harsh conditions and held different attitudes regarding the treatment of animals to those of modern day.
There were distinct social class divisions in physical activities.
James I of England issued a declaration - 'Book of Sports'.
In 1646, Oliver Cromwell was made Protector of Britain; he wished to establish a Parliament that was allied with the Puritan lifestyle.
Puritanism particularly objected to: a) Practising sport on Sunday; b) Inflicting cruelty on animals; c) Idleness, drinking and profanity associated with sport and public houses.
In 1660, Charles II returned as monarch.
Many previously popular activities were restored but never to their former glory.
The sons of the gentry were educated at large, prestigious, fee-paying boarding schools.
Children from middle class were rejected from these schools, so they built their own proprietary colleges.
The development of sport in the public school radically changed the previous concepts of sport.
Clarendon Report (1864) changed sport in schools by stressing the positive, educational features of team games as character building.
The British Empire was at its height; however the death of Queen Victoria resulted in dramatic social changes.
The working classes began to emerge as united force.
Transport was increasingly affordable.
Sport became part of the fabric of working class culture.
Spectator problems... Ibrox 1902; Hampden 1909.
Traditions that started early in the century are still recognised today.
Influence of War
First World War...
Learning Outcome 1: Know how sport has developed in the UK
Religious or pagan associations
Reference for diagram:
Wesson, et al., (2009)
Summarise the Tudor and Stuart Era
Using the words below, complete the following statements and write them down....
Traditional sports and pastimes experienced ________ conditions.
_______ times allowed all classes to enjoy their recreation.
__________ greatly _________ many activities, _________ a new moral tone to society.
There was some __________ of pastimes but again was the 'merrie England' concept to emerge.
Write a short statement that evaluates the development of sport within the Tudor and Stuart era. Remember, to use Vocational Terms, Judgement Terms, Opinion Terms and Impact Terms!!!
What is going on this picture?
Pre-Industrial Britain: 18th Century
Social and cultural factors....
Life expectancy – 35 years
Illness and early death
Population was split into 2 groups – gentry/peasants
In small groups, research the given popular activity from pre-industrial Britain and find 5 facts relating to the history of that sport/activity
Modern Day: Post-Second World War
Farming became less important and people moved from rural areas to nearby towns and cities.
What impact do you think this would have had upon recreational pursuits?
Rules started to develop, as did sports clubs and governing bodies.
In the eighteenth century, the Methodists continued the Puritan work ethic.
The violence associated with many pastimes was believed to be the cause of social unrest.
At this time, employers required a more disciplined workforce in the mills.
The Cadbury Family...
The Industrial Revolution
(The Hanoverian Era - 1714 - 1790 launched industrial revolution)
Many of our well known football clubs can trace their history back to the 1800's.
Solve the anagrams to decipher the modern day clubs and indicate whether you think the club was founded higher or lower than the previous one.
What is going on in this picture?
The Working Class...
Social reformers campaigned for improvements in the physical and mental health of workers.
Parliament passed many laws and reforms to address the problems of women and children being employed in factories.
Factory owners created sports facilities and sponsored teams.
Sport for the Upper Classes...
The upper class were wealthy and powerful and enjoyed a life of leisure.
Groups of patrons would join together and form associations who would organise sport.
Inns and Pubs...
Games developed in in inns and pubs.
The pub became a focal point for workers.
Chimneys? What is going on in this picture?
Historical Influences on Football
Using any available electronic device, research the following events/people and consider how it/they have influenced sport.
Blackheath Football Club.
Notts County FC.
William C Grace.
Broken Time Payments.
William Webb Ellis.
Be prepared to discuss our findings.
1914 - 1918
Nationalism revealed itself in war
Football grounds were used fro recruitment
Build a 'new' country
Regain some sense of fun & frivolity: upper classes - wild parties; lower classes - leisure activity (Saturday)
1920s & 1930s characterised by strike and Great Depression
World War II...
1936 - 1945
After the war, extensive building programme
Therapeutic effect of recreational activities was recognised
PE lessons were reformed
Changes that occurred in recreational and sporting term were dramatic
No distinction between gentlemen and players
Team games were giving way to more individual pursuits
Travel now available to all classes
Entertainment outside the home became increasingly important
National and international standards rose
Local authorities were supplying more recreational facilities
In small groups, you are to research how a selected sport has
in the UK, identifying dates and key time periods.
You should find information of that sport in relation to:
Agricultural society (pre-industrial revolution)
After the industrial revolution
The influence of public schools
The influence of war
Once your research is complete...
As a group, produce a timeline poster showing the development of that sport
Individually produce an essay plan using the template provided, that summarises the development of that sport and why that event is significant to its development.