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9.1 CPR Certification

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Obey Nesha

on 30 May 2014

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Transcript of 9.1 CPR Certification

PART TWO
PART ONE: PRE-TEST ( 16 points )
9.1 CPR Certification

PART THREE
PART FOUR: Choking Prevention
9.1 CPR Certification
11. What is the best method to learn CPR? ( 5 points )

The best method to learn CPR is taking an accredited first-aid training course. It includes how to preform CPR and how to use an (AED) automatic external defibrillator.

12. Identify the CAB’s of CPR, AND describe the meaning of each letter below in a complete sentence. ( 12 points )

C – Compressions; pressing/pushing against the center of the victim’s chest very fast and hard.

A – Airway; to tilt the victim’s head back, lifting the chin to open up the airway.

B – Breathing; when you give mouth-to-mouth rescue breaths.


13. Identify 4 differences in administering CPR to a child (ages 1-8 years) rather than for an adult. ( 8 points )
1. CPR to a child (ages 1-8 years) you have to breathe more lightly.

2. Instead of using both hands like you would do for an adult you must use one hand when you are performing heart compressions.

3. Perform 5 cycles of 30 compressions with two mouth-to-mouth breaths in between.

4.If you are alone and no one is near initiate CPR on the child and then call 911. Perform 5 cycles of 30 compressions with two mouth-to-mouth breaths in between.


15. How do the rescue efforts differ when rescuing a baby if you are the only rescuer or if there is an additional rescuer? ( 4 points )

A. Well, you could do CPR for a few minutes and then call 911for help.
B. If another rescuer is with you or around ask them to call for help while you are trying to save the baby.


16. How does breathing for a baby differ from that of an adult or child? ( 3 points )




Adult Summary ( 10 points )


Check the victim for unresponsiveness. If the person is not responsive and not breathing or not breathing normally, call 911 and return to the victim. In most locations the emergency dispatcher can assist you with CPR instructions. Begin chest compressions. Push down in the center of the chest 2 inches and keep doing it. Pump hard and fast at the rate of at least 100/minute, faster than once per second.






Infant Summary ( 10 points )

Shout and gently tap the child on the shoulder. If there is no response and not breathing or not breathing normally, position the infant on his or her back and begin CPR. Give 30 gentle chest compressions at the rate of at least 100 per minute. Use two or three fingers in the center of the chest just below the nipples. Press down approximately one-third the depth of the chest (about 1 and a half inches). Open the airway using a head tilt lifting of chin. Do not tilt the head too far back. If the baby is not breathing or not breathing normally, cover the baby's mouth and nose with your mouth and give 2 gentle breaths. Each breath should be 1 second long. You should see the baby's chest rise with each breath.



Children Summary ( 10 points )

Use the heel of one or two hands for chest compression. Press the sternum approximately one-third the depth of the chest (about 2 inches) at the rate of least 100/minute. Tilt the head back and listen for breathing. If not breathing normally, pinch nose and cover the mouth with yours and blow until you see the chest rise. Give 2 breaths. Each breath should take 1 second.



http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/choking-rescue-procedure-heimlich-maneuver-overview
A person who has a completely obstructed airway will not be able to talk, cough or breathe.
To help prevent choking, there are a few safety measures we can employ.
1) List at least five ways to prevent choking. ( 10 points )

1. Don't drink too much alcohol before eating. It may dull your senses, and you might not chew food properly or might try to swallow too large a portion of food.
2. Take small bites. Cut meat into small pieces. Chew your food thoroughly.
3. Do not give popcorn, nuts, or hard candy to children younger than 4, and supervise older children when they eat these foods. Cut hot dogs and grapes lengthwise.
4. Do not give young children small objects that may cause choking, such as marbles or jacks.
5. Look for age guidelines when selecting toys for children.
6. Keep balloons and plastic bags away from any child who may put them in his or her mouth

Signs of Choking
http://www.health.state.ny.us/environmental/cpr/docs/first_aid_choking.pdf
1. What is the universal sign for choking? ( 2 points )
The universal sign of choking is hands clutched around the throat.
2. In addition to the universal sign for choking, there are some other signs that indicate a person is choking. Please discuss three of them. ( 6 points )

A. Person cannot breath, cough or speak.
B. Makes high pitched sounds when breathing.
C. Lips and finger nails may begin to appear blue.

Rescue Procedure: The Heimlich Maneuver
http://www.health.state.ny.us/environmental/cpr/docs/first_aid_choking.pdf

1. Describe the technique for giving the Heimlich maneuver for a conscious choking victim. ( 6 points )

A. " Ask, "Are you choking?" If the person gestures yes, stand behind the person, wrapping your arms around the person’s waist.”

B. "Make a fist with one hand and hold it with the other hand against the person's abdomen. Between the navel and lower end of breast bone.

C. "Provide quick, upward and inward abdominal thrusts (Heimlich maneuver) until the food or object is forced out.


Rescue Procedure: The Heimlich Maneuver
http://www.health.state.ny.us/environmental/cpr/docs/first_aid_choking.pdf

1. Describe the technique for giving the Heimlich maneuver for a conscious choking victim. ( 6 points )

A. " Ask, "Are you choking?" If the person gestures yes, stand behind the person, wrapping your arms around the person’s waist.”

B. "Make a fist with one hand and hold it with the other hand against the person's abdomen. Between the navel and lower end of breast bone.

C. "Provide quick, upward and inward abdominal thrusts (Heimlich maneuver) until the food or object is forced out.





2. If a choking person becomes unconscious, what steps should be taken to secure them assistance? ( 10 points )

1. "Call 911 or local EMS telephone"

2. "Return to the person"

3. "Lay the person flat on his or her back"

4. "Open his or her mouth"

5. "Remove the object if you see it"








Can You Save Yourself? Performing the Heimlich On Yourself
http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/choking-rescue-procedure-heimlich-maneuver-choking-while-alone

1) If you are choking and are alone, you can perform the Heimlich maneuver on yourself. What are two possible ways that could be utilized to dislodge the obstruction in your throat? ( 4 points )

1. You can utilize your fists to do thrust on yourself."

2. "You can also lean over the back of a chair and press hard to pop out the object."

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