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Early Jim Crow Era

English Mark Twain Prezi
by

Carter Swanson

on 11 April 2013

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Transcript of Early Jim Crow Era

1830: a white minstrel performer (Thomas "Daddy" Rice) created a character named Jim Crow

During performances he would sing and dance in a way that made fun of blacks

He performed in front of white audiences as a comedian
(Davis)

The malicious character known as Jim Crow will symbolize the terrible race relations to come
(The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow) Why is it called "Jim Crow"? Jim Crow Laws Jim Crow era was obviously a difficult time for African Americans in the US.
However, blacks were able to devise techniques to help them get through this time. Impact on Daily Life Plessy v. Ferguson 1890- Louisiana created the "Seperate Car Law"
- Trains were to have seperate but "equal" cars for blacks and whites Jim Crow: Racial Inequality Carter Swanson Jim Crow Ettiquette Lynchings Surviving Jim Crow Plessy v. Ferguson court case The Jim Crow laws were a series of laws set in place mostly in the south that legitimized anti-black racism in 1877 - Whites surpass blacks in every part of life
- Marriage/ sex between blacks and whites was not allowed
- Violence can be used if needed (or not) to keep blacks in check and remind them they are at the bottom of society Jim Crow laws included, but were not limited to, the following beliefs: Associated with the Jim Crow laws

Expressed how blacks were supposed to conduct themselves in presence of whites

Examples:
- A black man could not shake hands with a white man
- A black male was not to offer his hand or other parts of his body to a white female
- If a black person rode in a car or bus with a white individual, they were to sit in the back Were public murders of blacks usually carried out by mobs in the south

The common occurrence of lynchings had an impact on the daily life of African Americans living in the South.

They lived in constant fear of accidentally doing something wrong and getting lynched as a result

Was used as a "warning" by whites and mobs to all blacks to "keep them in their places"

People believed lynchings were necessary to keep white women safe from black rapists (Pilgrim) (Davis) (Pilgrim) Jim Crow laws made blacks live behind a mask and appear not violent or dangerous. Had to hide their true feelings when in presence of whites Needed to walk away from white insults and avoid looking white people in the eye African Americans had to avoid contact with white women for fear of being accused of rape Parents had to protect their children from the hate
- Degrading depictions of blacks in minstrel performances, songs, TV shows, and more. Impact of Plessy v. Ferguson The Southern states took advantage of the Supreme Court's decision and started to separate everything.

The problem though was that the separate facilities were not equal.

Later, in 1954, the Brown v. Board of Education case overturned the idea of "Separate but Equal) (Davis) Time Period of Jim Crow By 1877 these conducts had been firmly established and part of every day life in the US

Even though government abolished slavery in 1865, African Americans still were unequal The Jim Crow Era lasted until the Civil Rights movement in the 1960s Works Cited Davis, Ronald. "Creating Jim Crow." Matthew Powell Faculty Page. Diablo Valley College, n.d. Web. 8 Apr. 2013. Davis, Ronald. "Surviving Jim Crow." Matthew Powell Faculty Page. Diablo Valley College, n.d. Web. 8 Apr. 2013. McBride, Alex. "Plessy vs. Ferguson (1896)." The Supreme Court. PBS, Dec. 2006. Web. 08 Apr. 2013. Pilgrim, David. "What Was Jim Crow?" Jim Crow Museum. Ferris State University, Sept. 2000. Web. 08 Apr. 2013. The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow. California News Reel, 2009. http://www.ferris.edu/JIMCROW/jimcrow.jpg (McBride) (Pilgrim) http://www.newyorkemploymentlawattorneys.com/files/2011/11/Noose.jpg https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTdFYKL2hFwvjW359NmAPkhkeLt-FWJhC9l0aXoPlS0z3FQO9Mguw http://www.pbs.org/wnet/supremecourt/antebellum/images/plessy.jpg (McBride) Of course, the cars reserves for whites were nicer than those reserved for blacks In 1891, a group of African Americans decided to challenge this law - Homer A Plessy (1/8 black) sat in the seats reserved for whites
- He was arrested immediately (Pilgrim) In 1896, This case was brought to the Supreme Court Plessy's lawyer said Louisiana couldn't label citizens black and white so they could restrict their rights and priveleges. The Supreme Court said as long as the state government provided legal freedom equal to those of whites, they could keep the separate facilities. The Court backed up the Louisiana law by a vote of 7-2 The Court made it known that discrimination against blacks is OK (Pilgrim)
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