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Art, Hieroglyphs and the Rosetta Stone

History Project by Joie, Brittany and Elise
by

Joie Shu

on 14 August 2013

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Transcript of Art, Hieroglyphs and the Rosetta Stone

Art, Hieroglyphs and the Rosetta Stone
The History of Hieroglyphics
-The word hieroglyphs is Greek that means sacred carving and was used for important or religious documents
-Dates back to 3100BC
-The last inscription was carved by a priest of the Goddess Isis, called Nesmeterakhemon. It was dated 24 August 394AD
-Was generally written on papyrus
-Literate people were powerful to Egyptian Society
-Even if most people could not read hieroglyphs, they could read a substantial part of hieroglyphs in their family tombs
-They stopped using hieroglyphs when Egypt became a Christian country and stopped worshipping Egyptian Gods
-The last inscription was carved by a priest of the Goddess Isis, called Nesmeterakhemon. It was dated 24 August 394AD
Word Order
-Hieroglyphics can be written and read either from top to bottom in columns or horizontally but can be from left to right or from right to left
-The way characters are facing tells you how to read the text
-No punctuation marks are used
-Basic word order is verb-subject-object

The Rosetta Stone
-Is made of black basalt (volcanic rock)
-Discovered in 1799 AD by Napoleon's army
-Found in a small village in the Delta called Rosetta (Rashid)
-Contained inscriptions of the same text in three different scripts: Hieroglyphs, Demotic (another form of Egyptian writing) and Greek (they were the official languages of Egypt at the time)
-Was revolutionary people were finally able to translate hieroglyphics
-Is a list all of the good things that the pharaoh has done for the people of Egypt
-Is now kept in the British Museum

Ancient Egyptian Art
- The hieroglyph for “statue” is a standing man in profile holding a long staff and a scepter
- At the origin, hieroglyphic signs and images were given bold outlines so that the colours could be filled in without smudging
- Sculptors were usually carved figures from softer stone, such as limestone or sandstone
- The main colours used by Egyptian artists were: white, green, black, red, yellow, blue and brown
- They painted on a ground of gesso on wall plaster
- Around 1400 BCE, much more realism was introduced in the portrait of the Pharaoh
- A technological artistic breakthrough was achieved in Dynasty XXV (752-656 BCE), when objects were modeled in clay, but then cast in bronze
- Reliefs could be low or carved deeply, above the background surface of the wall, or sunk in.
‘Ancient Egyptians painting and sculpture’ 2013, in World book, accessed 2 August 2013, <http://www.worldbookonline.com/digitallibraries/earlypeoples/article?id=ar837008>.

Conlan, S (ed.) 1998, Archaeology, Hamlyn, Great Britain.
Hieroglyphs, n.d., National Museum of African Art, accessed 7 August 2013,<http://africa.si.edu/exhibits/inscribing/hieroglyphs.html>.

Hieroglyphics Tutorial: Word Order, n.d., Ancient Egypt Online, accessed 10 August 2013, <http://www.ancientegyptonline.co.uk/hieroglyphs-word-order.html>.

How to draw Hieroglyphics, n.d., Illustration, Dragoart, accessed 9 August 2013, <http://imgs.steps.dragoart.com/how-to-draw-hieroglyphics-step-4_1_000000017927_5.jpg>.

Ramses III n.d., Painting, Ascending Passage, accessed 11 August 2013, <http://ascendingpassage.com/Rameses-III-ISIS.jpg>

Parkinson, R 2003, Pocket Guide to Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphs, The British Museum Press, London.

Ratnagar, S 2007, The Timeline History of Ancient Egypt, Worth Press Ltd,England.

The Rosetta Stone, n.d., The British Museum, accessed 5 August 2013, <http://www.ancientegypt.co.uk/writing/rosetta.html>.

The Rosetta Stone, n.d., The British Museum, accessed 5 August 2013, <http://www.britishmuseum.org/explore/highlights/highlight_objects/aes/t/the_rosetta_stone.aspx>.

Writing, n.d., The British Museum, accessed 5 August 2013, <http://www.ancientegypt.co.uk/writing/home.html>.
Bibliography
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