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Week 7: Behaviorism

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Chloe Bolyard

on 21 February 2017

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Transcript of Week 7: Behaviorism

EDUC 417: Educational Psychology

Week 7, Unit 3
Tuesday, February 21, 2017

Environmental Context: Behaviorism

Check-in
Article Review Roundtable
Course Map
Objectives
Immediate Stimuli as Context
Behaviorism
Classroom Application
Closure
Looking ahead
Agenda
I'm glad you're here. :)
How are you today?
Celebrations?
Concerns?
Questions?
Check-In
Course Map
Where we've been...
Understand and explain the basics of Educational Psychology as it applies to research and learning
Illustrate the brain's physical processes that result in thinking and learning

Where we are...
Explain and evaluate the different
contexts
in which learning occurs and apply theories of learning for effective instruction
Essential Understanding
My students' past and present environments shape how they behave and think at any given time.
Essential Question
How does environment impact student learning?
Objectives
Describe the experiments that led to the theories of classical and operant condition and distinguish among these theories
Define and illustrate several principles of behavioral leaning, including reinforcement and punishment, and discuss their application to teaching
Objectives
Learning is contextual.
Immediate Surroundings
General Contexts
Since learning is contextual, objects and events (stimuli) influence student behavior (responses)
Behaviorists
Says who?
What's a behaviorist?
Behaviorists believe...
Behavior is largely a result of experiences in their environment.
Learning described in terms of observable events (stimulus --> response)
Learning requires a behavior change
Who are some behaviorists I should know?
Pavlov, Watson, Skinner...
https://edpuzzle.com/assignments/57f2dca2d252947821de16f4/watch
Can you tell me more about operant conditioning?
Sure!
https://edpuzzle.com/media/57f2de7dd252947821de22a3
What influences human behavior?
So, positive reinforcement is the same as a reward?
A
reinforcer
is any consequence that increases the frequency of a particular behavior. Whereas a
reward
has to do with presenting something pleasant or desirable.
Examples: praise, a scolding, an A, or an F
Not exactly...
But negative reinforcement is the same as punishment, right?
A
negative reinforcer :
removal of stimulus --> increased frequency of a response
Examples: finishing homework early removes the worry
Punishment
is a consequence that
decreases
the frequency of the response it follows.
Presentation punishment: new stimulus --> decreased response
Removal punishment: existing stimulus removed --> decreased response
Wrong again
Let's check your understanding
A student is praised for writing an assignment in cursive. She begins to write other assignments in cursive as well.
A. Positive reinforcement
B. Negative reinforcement
C. Presentation punishment
D. Removal punishment
A student no longer has to worry about a research paper he has completed several days before the due date. He begins to do his assignments ahead of time whenever possible.
A. Positive reinforcement
B. Negative reinforcement
C. Presentation punishment
D. Removal punishment
A student is removed from the softball team for a week for showing poor sportsmanship. She rarely shows poor sportsmanship in future games.
A. Positive reinforcement
B. Negative reinforcement
C. Presentation punishment
D. Removal punishment
A student is scolded for taunting other students. She taunts others less frequently after that.
A. Positive reinforcement
B. Negative reinforcement
C. Presentation punishment
D. Removal punishment
Implications for the classroom
Create conditions that promote desired responses
cueing: "Remember to use your inside voice"
Reinforce productive behaviors
"I love the way Johnny
walked
to the door."

Make response-reinforcement contingencies clear
"The quietest group may line up first"
Model desired behaviors
Provide a variety of role models
(that look like your students)
Shape complex behaviors over time
Closure
Fist-to-Four Self Assessment
1. What is that?
2. I've heard that before.
3. I could explain what that is.
4. I could teach that!

Behaviorism
Classical conditioning vs. operant conditioning
Reinforcement vs. Punishment
Show me the number on your finger that shows your understanding of the following terms:
Looking Ahead
For Thursday, 2/23
Read pages 67-69; 93-95
Complete Reflective Journal #4
Turn and talk with your shoulder partner: What do you already know about positive and negative reinforcement?
Share with your tablemates:
Title
Brief summary
Evaluation/Application

Each person has 1 minute.
Article Review Roundtable
Full transcript