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Week 7: Behaviorism

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Chloe Bolyard

on 21 February 2017

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Transcript of Week 7: Behaviorism

EDUC 417: Educational Psychology

Week 7, Unit 3
Tuesday, February 21, 2017

Environmental Context: Behaviorism

Article Review Roundtable
Course Map
Immediate Stimuli as Context
Classroom Application
Looking ahead
I'm glad you're here. :)
How are you today?
Course Map
Where we've been...
Understand and explain the basics of Educational Psychology as it applies to research and learning
Illustrate the brain's physical processes that result in thinking and learning

Where we are...
Explain and evaluate the different
in which learning occurs and apply theories of learning for effective instruction
Essential Understanding
My students' past and present environments shape how they behave and think at any given time.
Essential Question
How does environment impact student learning?
Describe the experiments that led to the theories of classical and operant condition and distinguish among these theories
Define and illustrate several principles of behavioral leaning, including reinforcement and punishment, and discuss their application to teaching
Learning is contextual.
Immediate Surroundings
General Contexts
Since learning is contextual, objects and events (stimuli) influence student behavior (responses)
Says who?
What's a behaviorist?
Behaviorists believe...
Behavior is largely a result of experiences in their environment.
Learning described in terms of observable events (stimulus --> response)
Learning requires a behavior change
Who are some behaviorists I should know?
Pavlov, Watson, Skinner...
Can you tell me more about operant conditioning?
What influences human behavior?
So, positive reinforcement is the same as a reward?
is any consequence that increases the frequency of a particular behavior. Whereas a
has to do with presenting something pleasant or desirable.
Examples: praise, a scolding, an A, or an F
Not exactly...
But negative reinforcement is the same as punishment, right?
negative reinforcer :
removal of stimulus --> increased frequency of a response
Examples: finishing homework early removes the worry
is a consequence that
the frequency of the response it follows.
Presentation punishment: new stimulus --> decreased response
Removal punishment: existing stimulus removed --> decreased response
Wrong again
Let's check your understanding
A student is praised for writing an assignment in cursive. She begins to write other assignments in cursive as well.
A. Positive reinforcement
B. Negative reinforcement
C. Presentation punishment
D. Removal punishment
A student no longer has to worry about a research paper he has completed several days before the due date. He begins to do his assignments ahead of time whenever possible.
A. Positive reinforcement
B. Negative reinforcement
C. Presentation punishment
D. Removal punishment
A student is removed from the softball team for a week for showing poor sportsmanship. She rarely shows poor sportsmanship in future games.
A. Positive reinforcement
B. Negative reinforcement
C. Presentation punishment
D. Removal punishment
A student is scolded for taunting other students. She taunts others less frequently after that.
A. Positive reinforcement
B. Negative reinforcement
C. Presentation punishment
D. Removal punishment
Implications for the classroom
Create conditions that promote desired responses
cueing: "Remember to use your inside voice"
Reinforce productive behaviors
"I love the way Johnny
to the door."

Make response-reinforcement contingencies clear
"The quietest group may line up first"
Model desired behaviors
Provide a variety of role models
(that look like your students)
Shape complex behaviors over time
Fist-to-Four Self Assessment
1. What is that?
2. I've heard that before.
3. I could explain what that is.
4. I could teach that!

Classical conditioning vs. operant conditioning
Reinforcement vs. Punishment
Show me the number on your finger that shows your understanding of the following terms:
Looking Ahead
For Thursday, 2/23
Read pages 67-69; 93-95
Complete Reflective Journal #4
Turn and talk with your shoulder partner: What do you already know about positive and negative reinforcement?
Share with your tablemates:
Brief summary

Each person has 1 minute.
Article Review Roundtable
Full transcript