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Ancient Greek Medicine

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Myra Nguyen

on 1 June 2013

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Transcript of Ancient Greek Medicine

Ancient Greek Medicine Greek Medicine is one of the foundations of modern medicine. Ancient Greek Medicine might surprise you because its understandings and medical techniques may sound similar and are still used to day. Basis of Medicine Today doctors have ethnical codes and laws that keeps their patients safe and controls how far they could go.
One well known is Hippocrates Oath Ethnical Codes and Laws Today, we see all these medical terms, human names, and specialties, you will be surprised some of it is taken from Ancient Greece and their language Greek.
The Greek words can be found as prefixes, suffixes, or roots. Medical Terms, Anatomy Names, and Specialties Hippocrates created a theory about bodily humors.
The humors consisted of four liquids; blood, yellow bile, black bile, and phlegm . He believed the moods of human were controlled by them, four elements, and temperatures. Humours Blood letting- use of leeches to balancev bodily humors used by Ancient Greeks and today its used for disorders like hemochromatosis, polycythemia vera, and porphyria cutanea tarda.

Trepanning – is when you drill a hole through the skull for medical like reliving pressure or mystical purposes like getting rid of evil spirits. Today, we use it for medical purposes. Medical Procedures Hippocrates is a Greek physician that created an Oath that dictated boundaries and limits for doctors when they are practicing. Today the oath is still used and recited by new medical doctors.

The Oath: I swear by Apollo Physician and Asclepius and Hygieia and Panaceia and all the gods and goddesses, making them my witnesses, that I will fulfill according to my ability and judgment this oath and this covenant:
To hold him who has taught me this art as equal to my parents and to live my life in partnership with him, and if he is in need of money to give him a share of mine, and to regard his offspring as equal to my brothers in male lineage and to teach them this art—if they desire to learn it—without fee and covenant; to give a share of precepts and oral instruction and all the other learning to my sons and to the sons of him who has instructed me and to pupils who have signed the covenant and have taken an oath according to the medical law, but no one else.
I will apply dietetic measures for the benefit of the sick according to my ability and judgment; I will keep them from harm and injustice.
I will neither give a deadly drug to anybody who asked for it, nor will I make a suggestion to this effect. Similarly I will not give to a woman an abortive remedy. In purity and holiness I will guard my life and my art.
I will not use the knife, not even on sufferers from stone, but will withdraw in favor of such men as are engaged in this work.
Whatever houses I may visit, I will come for the benefit of the sick, remaining free of all intentional injustice, of all mischief and in particular of sexual relations with both female and male persons, be they free or slaves.
What I may see or hear in the course of the treatment or even outside of the treatment in regard to the life of men, which on no account one must spread abroad, I will keep to myself, holding such things shameful to be spoken about.
If I fulfill this oath and do not violate it, may it be granted to me to enjoy life and art, being honored with fame among all men for all time to come; if I transgress it and swear falsely, may the opposite of all this be my lot. Hippocrates Oath Larynx- is the voice box, Greek root is larynx meaning voice box also

Artery- blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart. The Greek root is Arteria meaning artery also.

Esophagus- an organ where your food passes through, Greek root word is oisophagos meaning entrance for eating Anatomy Greek Physicians and Philosophers who Contributed to Modern Medicine Some Greek Physicians and Philosophers who greatly contributed to modern medicine include Hippocrates, Aristotle, and Galen.
They have discovered many things about the human body and medicine like the bodily functions of organs and organ systems, ethnic codes, and reasons little hints to why might something function that way. Aristotle A Greek philosopher who focused more on biology creating theories on evolution and embryology also concentrated on ethnics, and believed happiness is keep your self healthy by exercise.
He also helped with the creation of the bodily humors introducing the four qualities of hot, wet, and dry A Greek physician known as the father of Medicine.
He had many contributions toward Medicine focusing on how the body works, diseases, and procedures to heal wounds and diseases.
Also created the Hippocrates Oath, guidelines about practicing what you can and can not do, maintain the safety of patience's and doctors’ jobs. Hippocrates He is a Roman physician who was born in Greece.
Galen was a master medical philosopher who made three theories; pneuma or vital energy, and the Four Faculties of the organism, also expanded theories of about humors. Galen Ancient Greek Medicine has a big influence and has contributed a lot to Modern Medicine shaping the foundation . Their language, ethnics and laws, philosophers and physicians, and procedures all help contribute and build the foundation of modern technology and some still used today. Conclusion http://www.nlm.nih.gov/hmd/greek/index.html
http://www.bcmj.org/premise/history-bloodletting Sources Coma- is a state when you are unconscious for more then 6 hours. The root is koma, the Greek word for deep sleep.
Hematoma- localized group of blood outside the blood vessels. The prefix Hemat is a Greek word for blood.
Epilepsy- neurological disorders following a cause seizures. The suffix epsy is a Greek word for attack or seizure. Medical Terms
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