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Transcript of Praxis 5203
smallest unit of
sound in a word
written symbols of
smallest unit of
Praxis 5203 Fall 2014
Phonemic Awareness, Phonics, Fluency,
Work together and develop in tandem
What letter makes this sound?
Words Their Way, Orton Gillingham
word sorts (blind, open, pattern, meaning, word study notebooks)
Phonics is tied to Alphabetic Principal
Phonemic (hearing & speaking)
Phonetic (seeing, hearing, & speaking)
Simple,Basic words; gained through oral language unless low
language or an English language learner
Occur with high frequency; Academic/Multiple Meanings
Content Specific Words
A child's vocabulary is the "ceiling" for his/her reading comprehension." -Sharon Taberski
4 Stages of Word Knowledge:
1. Never heard
2. Heard but no meaning
3. Recognize within context
4. Knows it well (read, write & speak)
(CCSS Appendix p.32
*Beck, McKeown, and Kucan (2002, 2008)
Marzano 6 step process
Most words are learned indirectly through oral language, read alouds or extensive independent reading.
blend, segment, isolate, manipulate
Read with purpose
Read with accuracy
Read with prosody
Read for meaning
prosody: rhythm, pace, expression
listen to or be read to (books on tape, RAZ kids, etc.)
timed repeated readings
Low Level of Bloom's
"Reading Between the Lines"
*guided reading groups
*directed reading thinking activities
Read like a writer
Write like a reader
3 Cueing Systems
Does it make sense?
Does it sound right?
Does it look right?
Attention to craft/structure
Opportunities & Experiences
Write to be read
No one right way/doesn't have to follow
Pre, Draft, Revise, Edit, Proof, Publish
Prephonetic/Mock Linear/Pretend & Memory Reading
Semiphonetic/Beginning: sound symbol connection
Transitional: Becoming fluent within word patterns
Intermediate: Fluent w/multisyllabic words, more advanced vocabulary, suffix/prefixes
2. Progress Monitor
Phonemic Awareness Screeners
Qualitative Reading Inventory
*Anchored in Real Life to inform planning & instruction to ensure student growth and learning
Response to Intervention
Independent Level Text: 95-100% Accuracy
Instructional Level Text: 90-95% Accuracy
Frustration Level Text: Below 90% Accuracy
Zone of Proximal Development