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LABTS Romans class 3

Fall 2012 class at Los Angeles Bible Training School (labts.org), Rom 3:21=4:23
by

Fred Sanders

on 19 September 2016

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Transcript of LABTS Romans class 3

21 But now apart from the Law the righteousness of God has been manifested, being witnessed by the Law and the Prophets, 22 even the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all those who believe; for there is no distinction; 23 for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God,
24 being justified as a gift by His grace through the redemption which is in Christ Jesus; 25 whom God displayed publicly as a propitiation in His blood through faith. This was to demonstrate His righteousness, because in the forbearance of God He passed over the sins previously committed; 26 for the demonstration, I say, of His righteousness at the present time, so that He would be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus.
Rom 3:21 - 4:25
Chapter 4
27 Where then is boasting? It is excluded. By what kind of law? Of works? No, but by a law of faith. 28 For we maintain that a man is justified by faith apart from works of the Law. 29 Or is God the God of Jews only? Is He not the God of Gentiles also? Yes, of Gentiles also, 30 since indeed God who will justify the circumcised by faith and the uncircumcised through faith is one.

31 Do we then nullify the Law through faith? May it never be! On the contrary, we establish the Law.
What then shall we say that Abraham, our forefather according to the flesh, has found? 2 For if Abraham was justified by works, he has something to boast about, but not before God. 3 For what does the Scripture say?



4 Now to the one who works, his wage is not credited as a favor, but as what is due. 5 But to the one who does not work, but believes in Him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is credited as righteousness, 6 just as David also speaks of the blessing on the man to whom God credits righteousness apart from works:
Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness.
7 Blessed are those whose lawless deeds have been forgiven, And whose sins have been covered.
8 Blessed is the man whose sin the Lord will not take into account.
9 Is this blessing then on the circumcised, or on the uncircumcised also? For we say,



10 How then was it credited? While he was circumcised, or uncircumcised? Not while circumcised, but while uncircumcised; 11 and he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had while uncircumcised, so that he might be the father of all who believe without being circumcised, that righteousness might be credited to them, 12 and the father of circumcision to those who not only are of the circumcision, but who also follow in the steps of the faith of our father Abraham which he had while uncircumcised.
Faith was credited to Abraham for
righteousness.
16 For this reason it is by faith, in order that it may be in accordance with grace, so that the promise will be guaranteed to all the [p]descendants, not only to those who are of the Law, but also to those who are of the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all, 17 (as it is written, “A father of many nations have I made you”) in the presence of Him whom he believed, even God, who gives life to the dead and calls into being that which does not exist.
God's
Rightesouness
Revealed in
Christ's Cross
God's
Rightesouness
Defended Against
Criticism
God's Rightesouness
Illustrated in Abraham

Abraham NOT justified by works
Abraham NOT justified by circumcision
13 For the promise to Abraham or to his descendants that he would be heir of the world was not through the Law, but through the righteousness of faith. 14 For if those who are of the Law are heirs, faith is made void and the promise is nullified; 15 for the Law brings about wrath, but where there is no law, there also is no violation.
18 In hope against hope he believed, so that he might become a father of many nations according to that which had been spoken, “So shall your descendants be.” 19 Without becoming weak in faith he contemplated his own body, now as good as dead since he was about a hundred years old, and the deadness of Sarah’s womb; 20 yet, with respect to the promise of God, he did not waver in unbelief but grew strong in faith, giving glory to God, 21 and being fully assured that what God had promised, He was able also to perform. 22 Therefore it was also credited to him as righteousness.
23 Now not for his sake only was it written that it was credited to him, 24 but for our sake also, to whom it will be credited, as those who believe in Him who raised Jesus our Lord from the dead, 25 He who was delivered over because of our transgressions, and was raised because of our justification.
Abraham NOT justified by
the law
Abraham WAS justified by
faith
Conclusion:
Abraham's Faith
and Ours
Rom 3:21-26:
"possibly the single most important
paragraph ever written."
--Leon Morris (quoted by Stott)
OT: God commands judges always to justify the righteous and condemn the wicked" (Deut 25:1)
"He who justifies the wicked and he who condemns the righteous, Both of them alike are an abomination to the LORD." Prov. 17:15
God himself says "I will not acquit the guilty." (Ex 23:7)
"Without the cross the justification of the unjust would be unjustified, immoral, and therefore impossible."
--Stott p. 113
21 But now apart from the Law the
righteousness
of God has been manifested, being witnessed by the Law and the Prophets, 22 even the
righteousness
of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all those who believe; for there is no distinction; 23 for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God,
24 being
righteoussed
as a gift by His grace through the redemption which is in Christ Jesus; 25 whom God displayed publicly as a propitiation in His blood through faith. This was to demonstrate His
righteousness
, because in the forbearance of God He passed over the sins previously committed; 26 for the demonstration, I say, of His
righteousness
at the present time, so that He would be
righteous
and the
righteousifier
of the one who has faith in Jesus.
Righteousness
Justification / justified
Just / justifier
All from the same
Greek word:
dikaiosune
21 But now apart from the Law the
justice
of God has been manifested, being witnessed by the Law and the Prophets, 22 even the
justice
of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all those who believe; for there is no distinction; 23 for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, 24 being
justified
as a gift by His grace through the redemption which is in Christ Jesus; 25 whom God displayed publicly as a propitiation in His blood through faith. This was to demonstrate His
justice
, because in the forbearance of God He passed over the sins previously committed; 26 for the demonstration, I say, of His
justice
at the present time, so that He would be
just
and the
justifier
of the one who has faith in Jesus.
RIGHTEOUS
JUST
courtroom: legal
marketplace: commerce
temple: sacrifice
Redeem: To buy, esp. to "buy back."
OT: Key word in the freeing of slaves
(Lev. 25:47ff)
Israel was enslaved by Pharaoh; God redeemed them (Ex 15:13: "In Your lovingkindness You have led the people whom You have redeemed")
Later, Israel exiled to Babylon; God redeemed them (Is 43:1: thus says the Lord, your Creator, O Jacob, And He who formed you, O Israel,“Do not fear, for I have redeemed you; I have called you by name; you are Mine!")
The hilasterion: "the mercy seat"
To propitiate is to take
wrath and placate it.
"Expiate" is too weak; it avoids
the doctrine of the wrath of God.
Our problem is not just sin;
It's the righteous God's
wrath
against sin.
Pagan Propitiation:
Humans give treats
to bribe bad-tempered gods
Biblical Propitation:
God gives himself
to meet his own demands
"God himself gave himself to save us from himself."
Stott p. 115
All of this happens
"to demonstrate"
God's righteosuness
NO
Boasting
NO
Discrimination
NO
Antinomianism
Abraham, the father of faith, has no grounds for boasting, discrimination, or antinomianism
The Abraham story that Paul expects you to know:
1. Called out of Ur
2. Called to Canaan
and promised seed
3. Had Isaac at 99,
got circumcised
4. Tested by sacrifice
of Isaac
"Counted:"
credited, reckoned, imputed
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