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Copy of Speech Act Theory: A Window Into Embodied Semantic Memory

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Charles Yebrish

on 14 April 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Speech Act Theory: A Window Into Embodied Semantic Memory

When Wittgenstein Entered the Lab


1. From Semantics to Pragmatics

1.1. Austin's Speech Act Theory

2. Semantics as constrained by pragmatics

2.1. Philosophical Investigations
2.2. From Cogntive linguistics
to Embodied Semantics
2.3. The limits of scientific evidence
2.4. Embodied Semantics: an overview
2.5. Embodied Semantics and Memory

3. Future directions: on posing sensical questions






Austin ' s Speech Act Theory
Question: How do we do things with words?
Embodied semantics
PERCEPTION
COGNITION
LANGUAGE
THE CLASSICAL MODEL OF COGNITION
ACTION
Austin's area of concern
Austin ' s Speech Act Theory
(II)
Historical Context

1-. The Linguistic Turn

2.- The Performative Turn


Origin and Tentative Characterization
The Grammatical Criterion
EXPLICIT OR IMPLICIT
I
hereby
order
you
not to do that
S (A) V (O)
The Felicity Conditions
IF






then





Conventions are accepted.

Circumstances are appropriate

Context is exhaustible exhaustible.

Free consciousness and autonomous wanting-to-say

the PERFORMATIVE UTTERANCE is FELICITOUS

it is INFELICITOUS



Simulation
argument
The Breakdown
(some inconsistencies)
Passing
Theories
Conventions?
Iterability/ Unconcious
Linguistic desubjectification
Word as a virus
The Breakdown
(A Structural Impossibility)

The Nature of Speech Acts
Methodology
Definition

Explanation vs. Clarification [Erklärung]
Unidirectionality

Language --->Action
Scope
What happens
in our minds
when we use terms? (Aesthetics/Psychology)
Wittgenstein on the cognitive
basis of language
The Philosophy of Psychology
The various uses of language
The pervasiveness of
gramatical fictions
Observation of the ways in which children get to
learn a language
(training +clarification)
[1920-1926]
EMBODIMENT
ACTION

COGNITIVE REPRESENTATION
(CONCEPTUAL STRUCTURE)

LANGUAGE


Image schemata
From cognitive linguistics
to embodied semantics
Cognitive processes cannot be accounted for merely in terms of internal mental states

Meaning is in use

Training is a precondition
for knowing and understanding a language
(or how to take part in particular language games)
Language training takes place, by definition, in the context of interpersonal communication
(which is ultimately that of a language community)
Embodied Semantics
Lexical (open-class) subsystem
.
Provides rich contentful detail of the scene in CR
(mainly noun-objects)
Semantic structure: grammatical
(closed-class) subsystem.
Provides structural properties
of the scene in CR
(mainly verbs-actions)
The limits of scientific evidence
for embodied semantics
Embodied
semantic(s of) memory
Embodied
semantic memory
Open-class system
CONCEPTUAL STRUCTURING SYSTEM

- Configurational s.system
-Attentional system
- Perspectival system
- Force-dynamics system
Schematic
Specific
Encoding and externalising
processes
A journey into the cognitive basis of language and semantic memory
Theory of semantic memory
Two requirements

1,. The 'gist of a experience'
(how can it be extracted from experience)

2. The representational structure of such gist
Embodied semantics of memory
Holds that sensory-motor features play an important role re the linguistic encoding of memories
+ A list of performative verbs
HOW
Through a dialogue between Wittgenstein and the neuroscience of semantics
DEMARCATION
DEFINITION
Two
Steps
Three
Speech Acts
Locutionary
acts
Illocutionary
acts
Perlocutionary
acts
FELICITOUS or INFELICITOUS
THE BIG QUESTION

Degree of involvement of sensory-motor and affective-emotional networks in semantic representation and processing
Activation is correlation and can be ambigous

No one-to-one btw brain areas and cognitive functions

Conflation of representation (storage) and processes (retrieval)
THEORETICAL APPROACHES
POSITIONING
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Postulation of a role
for s-m systems in
semantic processing
for words
Harnad, 1990
Barsalou, 2005
Pulvermüller, 2012
Werning 2012
Language
Memory
Concluslon

The major scientific challenge of our time will be
to formulate questions
that we are able to answer

Embodied semantics based upon the mind as-a-regulation thesis
Future directions
Evidence for embodied abstract semantics (of memory) by using EEG/ MEG measurements
Perception
Seeing that vs. seeing as
(continous) (dawning)
(perception) (ESP)
Synaesthesia
Motor
Emotion
Mirror neurons

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